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Items where NERC Author is "Fowler, David"

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Dore, Anthony J.; Hallsworth, Stephen; McDonald, Alan G.; Werner, Malgorzata; Kryza, Maciej; Abbott, John; Nemitz, Eiko; Dore, Christopher J.; Malcolm, Heath; Vieno, Massimo; Reis, Stefan; Fowler, David. 2014 Quantifying missing annual emission sources of heavy metals in the United Kingdom with an atmospheric transport model. Science of the Total Environment, 479-480. 171-180. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.02.001

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Mizunuma, Toshie; Leeson, Sarah; Kivimaki, Sanna; Cape, J. Neil; van Dijk, Netty; Leaver, David; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; van den Berg, Leon J.L.; Crossley, Alan; Field, Chris; Smart, Simon. 2014 Inertia in an ombrotrophic bog ecosystem in response to 9 years' realistic perturbation by wet deposition of nitrogen, separated by form. Global Change Biology, 20 (2). 566-580. 10.1111/gcb.12357

Luo, X.S.; Liu, P.; Tang, A.H.; Liu, J.Y.; Zong, X.Y.; Zhang, Q.; Kou, C.L.; Zhang, L.J.; Fowler, D.; Fangmeier, A.; Christie, P.; Zhang, F.S.; Liu, X.J.. 2013 An evaluation of atmospheric Nr pollution and deposition in North China after the Beijing Olympics. Atmospheric Environment, 74. 209-216. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.03.054

Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Riddick, Stuart N.; Dragosits, Ulrike; Nemitz, Eiko; Theobald, Mark R.; Tang, Y. Sim; Braban, Christine F.; Vieno, Massimo; Dore, Anthony J.; Mitchell, Robert F.; Wanless, Sarah; Daunt, Francis; Fowler, David; Blackall, Trevor D.; Milford, Celia; Flechard, Chris R.; Loubet, Benjamin; Massad, Raia; Cellier, Pierre; Personne, Erwan; Coheur, Pierre F.; Clarisse, Lieven; Van Damme, Martin; Ngadi, Yasmine; Clerbaux, Cathy; Skjoth, Carsten Ambelas; Geels, Camilla; Hertel, Ole; Kruit, Roy J. Wichink; Pinder, Robert W.; Bash, Jesse O.; Walker, John T.; Simpson, David; Horvath, László; Misselbrook, Tom H.; Bleeker, Albert; Dentener, Frank; de Vries, Wim. 2013 Towards a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission and deposition [in special issue: The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 368 (1621), 20130166 . 13, pp. 10.1098/rstb.2013.0166

Fowler, David; Coyle, Mhairi; Skiba, Ute; Sutton, Mark A.; Cape, J. Neil; Reis, Stefan; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Jenkins, Alan; Grizzetti, Bruna; Galloway, James N.; Vitousek, Peter; Leach, Allison; Bouwman, Alexander F.; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus; Dentener, Frank; Stevenson, David; Amann, Marcus; Voss, Maren. 2013 The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century [in special issue: The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 368 (1621), 20130164 . 13, pp. 10.1098/rstb.2013.0164

Fowler, David; Pyle, John A.; Raven, John A.; Sutton, Mark A.. 2013 The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century: introduction [in special issue: The global nitrogen cycle in the twenty-first century] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 368 (1621), 20130165. 2, pp. 10.1098/rstb.2013.0165

Shindell, Drew; Kuylenstierna, Johann C.I.; Vignati, Elisabetta; van Dingenen, Rita; Amann, Markus; Klimont, Zbigniew; Anenberg, Suan C.; Muller, Nicholas; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Raes, Frank; Schwartz, Joel; Faluvegi, Greg; Pozzoli, Luca; Kupiainen, Kaarle; Höglund-Isaksson, Lena; Emberson, Lisa; Streets, David; Ramanathan, V.; Hicks, Kevin; Oanh, N.T. Kim; Milly, George; Williams, Martin; Demkine, Volodymyr; Fowler, David. 2012 Simultaneously mitigating near-term climate change and improving human health and food security. Science, 335 (6065). 183-189. 10.1126/science.1210026

Hertel, O; Skjøth, C A; Reis , Stefan; Bleeker, A; Harrison, R M; Cape, J Neil; Fowler, David; Skiba, Ute; Simpson, D; Jickells, Timothy; Kulmala, M; Gyldenkærne, S; Sørensen, L L ; Erisman , J W; Sutton, Mark. 2012 Governing processes for reactive nitrogen compounds in the European atmosphere. Biogeosciences, 9 (12). 4921-4954. 10.5194/bg-9-4921-2012

Levy, Peter E.; Burden, Annette; Cooper, Mark D.A.; Dinsmore, Kerry J.; Drewer, Julia; Evans, Chris; Fowler, David; Gaiawyn, Jenny; Gray, Alan; Jones, Stephanie K.; Jones, Timothy; McNamara, Niall P.; Mills, Robert; Ostle, Nick; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Skiba, Ute; Sowerby, Alwyn; Ward, Susan E.; Zieliński, Piotr. 2012 Methane emissions from soils: synthesis and analysis of a large UK data set. Global Change Biology, 18 (5). 1657-1669. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02616.x

Skiba, U.; Jones, S.K.; Dragosits, U.; Drewer, J.; Fowler, D.; Rees, R.M.; Pappa, V.A.; Cardenas, L.; Chadwick, D.; Yamulki, S.; Manning, A.J.. 2012 UK emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 367 (1593). 1175-1185. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0356

Stevens, Carly; Duprè, Cecilia; Gaudnik, Cassandre; Dorland, Edu; Dise, Nancy; Gowing, David; Bleeker, Albert; Alard, Didier; Bobbink, Roland; Fowler, David; Vandvik, Vigdis; Corcket, Emmanuel; Mountford, J. Owen; Aarrestad, Per Arild; Muller, Serge; Diekmann, Martin. 2011 Changes in species composition of European acid grasslands observed along a gradient of nitrogen deposition. Journal of Vegetation Science, 22 (2). 207-215. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01254.x

Walsh, Rory P.D.; Nussbaum, Ruth; Fowler, David; Weilenmann, Maja; Hector, Andy. 2011 Conclusion: applying South East Asia Rainforest Research Programme science to land-use management policy and practice in a changing landscape and climate. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582). 3354-3358. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0179

Misztal, P.K.; Nemitz, E.; Langford, B.; Di Marco, C.F.; Phillips, G.J.; Hewitt, C.N.; MacKenzie, A.R.; Owen, S.M.; Fowler, D.; Heal, M.R.; Cape, J.N.. 2011 Direct ecosystem fluxes of volatile organic compounds from oil palms in South-East Asia. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (17). 8995-9017. 10.5194/acp-11-8995-2011

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Mizunuma, Toshie; Cape, John Neil; Crossley, Alan; Leeson, Sarah; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; van Dijk, Netty. 2011 Dry deposition of ammonia gas drives species change faster than wet deposition of ammonium ions: evidence from a long-term field manipulation. Global Change Biology, 17 (12). 3589-3607. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02478.x

Flechard, C.R.; Nemitz, E.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.; Vermeulen, A.T.; Bleeker, A.; Erisman, J.W.; Simpson, D.; Zhang, L.; Tang, Y.S.; Sutton, M.A.. 2011 Dry deposition of reactive nitrogen to European ecosystems: a comparison of inferential models across the NitroEurope network. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11. 2703-2728. 10.5194/acp-11-2703-2011

Fowler, David; Nemitz, Eiko; Misztal, Pawel; Di Marco, Chiara; Skiba, Ute; Ryder, James; Helfter, Carole; Cape, J. Neil; Owen, Sue; Dorsey, James; Gallagher, Martin W.; Coyle, Mhairi; Phillips, Gavin; Davison, Brian; Langford, Ben; MacKenzie, Rob; Muller, Jennifer; Siong, Jambery; Dari-Salisburgo, Cesare; Di Carlo, Piero; Aruffo, Eleanora; Giammaria, Franco; Pyle, John A.; Hewitt, C. Nicholas. 2011 Effects of land use on surface–atmosphere exchanges of trace gases and energy in Borneo: comparing fluxes over oil palm plantations and a rainforest. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582). 3196 -3209. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0055

Polson, D.; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.; Skiba, U.; McDonald, A.; Famulari, D.; Di Marco, C.; Simmons, I.; Weston, K.; Purvis, R.; Coe, H.; Manning, A.J.; Webster, H.; Harrison, M.; O'Sullivan, D.; Reeves, C.; Oram, D.. 2011 Estimation of spatial apportionment of greenhouse gas emissions for the UK using boundary layer measurements and inverse modelling technique. Atmospheric Environment, 45. 1042-1049. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.10.011

Evans, Chris D.; Monteith, Don T.; Fowler, David; Cape, J. Neil; Brayshaw, Susan. 2011 Hydrochloric Acid: An Overlooked Driver of Environmental Change. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (5). 1887-1894. 10.1021/es103574u

Hector, Andy; Fowler, David; Nussbaum, Ruth; Weilenmann, Maja; Walsh, Rory P.D.. 2011 Introduction: the future of South East Asian rainforests in a changing landscape and climate. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582). 3165-3167. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0174

Neirynck, J.; Flechard, C.R.; Fowler, D.. 2011 Long-term (13 years) measurements of SO2 fluxes over a forest and their control by surface chemistry. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151 (12). 1768-1780. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.07.013

Twigg, M.M.; House, E.; Thomas, R.; Whitehead, J.; Phillips, G.J.; Famulari, D.; Fowler, D.; Gallagher, M.W.; Cape, J.N.; Sutton, M.A.; Nemitz, E.. 2011 Surface/atmosphere exchange and chemical interactions of reactive nitrogen compounds above a manured grassland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorolgy, 151 (12). 1488-1503. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.06.005

MacKenzie, A.R.; Langford, B.; Pugh, T.A.M.; Robinson, N.; Misztal, P.K.; Heard, D.E.; Lee, J.D.; Lewis, A.C.; Jones, C.E.; Hopkins, J.R.; Phillips, G.; Monks, P.S.; Karunaharan, A.; Hornsby, K.E.; Nicolas-Perea, V.; Coe, H.; Gabey, A.M.; Gallagher, M.W.; Whalley, L.K.; Edwards, P.M.; Evans, M.J.; Stone, D.; Ingham, T.; Commane, R.; Furneaux, K.L.; McQuaid, J.B.; Nemitz, E.; Seng, Yap Kok; Fowler, D.; Pyle, J.A.; Hewitt, C.N.. 2011 The atmospheric chemistry of trace gases and particulate matter emitted by different land uses in Borneo. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582). 3177-3195. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0053

Pyle, J.A.; Warwick, N.J.; Harris, N.R.P.; Abas, Mohd Radzi; Archibald, A.T.; Ashfold, M.J.; Ashworth, K.; Barkley, Michael P.; Carver, G.D.; Chance, K.; Dorsey, J.R.; Fowler, D.; Gonzi, S.; Gostlow, B.; Hewitt, C.N.; Kurosu, T.P.; Lee, J.D.; Langford, S.B.; Mills, G.; Moller, S.; MacKenzie, A.R.; Manning, A.J.; Misztal, P.; Nadzir, Mohd Shahrul Mohd; Nemitz, E.; Newton, H.M.; O'Brien, L.M.; Ong, Simon; Oram, D.; Palmer, P.I.; Peng, Leong Kok; Phang, Siew Moi; Pike, R.; Pugh, T.A.M.; Rahman, Noorsaadah Abdul; Robinson, A.D.; Sentian, J.; Samah, Azizan Abu; Skiba, U.; Ung, Huan Eng; Yong, Sei Eng; Young, P.J.. 2011 The impact of local surface changes in Borneo on atmospheric composition at wider spatial scales: coastal processes, land-use change and air quality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582). 3210-3224. 10.1098/rstb.2011.0060

Stevens, Carly J.; Duprè, Cecilia; Dorland, Edu; Gaudnik, Cassandre; Gowing, David J.G.; Bleeker, Albert; Diekmann, Martin; Alard, Didier; Bobbink, Roland; Fowler, David; Corcket, Emmanuel; Mountford, J. Owen; Vandvik, Vigdis; Aarrestad, Per Arild; Muller, Serge; Dise, Nancy B. 2011 The impact of nitrogen deposition on acid grasslands in the Atlantic region of Europe. Environmental Pollution, 159 (10). 2243-2250. 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.026

Famulari, D.; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Storeton-West, R.L.; Rutherford, G.; Tang, Y.S.; Sutton, M.A.; Weston, K.J.. 2010 Development of a low-cost system for measuring conditional time-averaged gradients of SO2 and NH3. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 161. 11-27. 10.1007/s10661-008-0723-6

Flechard, C.R.; Nemitz, E.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.; Vermeulen, A.T.; Bleeker, A.; Erisman, J.W.; Simpson, D.; Zhang, L.; Tang, Y.S.; Sutton, M.A.. 2010 Dry deposition of reactive nitrogen to European ecosystems: a comparison of inferential models across the NitroEurope network. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10. 29291-29348. 10.5194/acpd-10-29291-2010

Famulari, Daniela; Nemitz, Eiko; Di Marco, Chiara; Phillips, Gavin J.; Thomas, Rick; House, Emily; Fowler, David. 2010 Eddy-covariance measurements of nitrous oxide fluxes above a city. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150. 786-793. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.08.003

Stevens, Carly J.; Duprè, Cecilia; Dorland, Edu; Gaudnik, Cassandre; Gowing, David J.G.; Bleeker, Albert; Diekmann, Martin; Alard, Didier; Bobbink, Roland; Fowler, David; Corcket, Emmanuel; Mountford, J. Owen; Vandvik, Vigdis; Aarrestad, Per Arild; Muller, Serge; Dise, Nancy B. 2010 Nitrogen deposition threatens species richness of grasslands across Europe. Environmental Pollution, 158. 2940-2945. 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.06.006

Phillips, Gavin; Farmer, Dlphine; Di Marco, Chiara; Misztal, Pawel K.; Sueper, Donna; Kimmel, Joel; Jimenez, Jose; Fowler, David; Nemitz, Eiko. 2010 Non-refractory PM1 in SE Asia: Chemically speciated aerosol fluxes and concentrations above contrasting land-uses in SE Asia. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 12, EGU2010-12621.

Hewitt, C. N.; Lee, J.; Barkley, M. P.; Carslaw, N.; Chappell, N. A.; Coe, H.; Collier, C.; Commane, R.; Davies, F.; Di Carlo, P.; Di Marco, C.; Edwards, P. M.; Evans, M.J.; Fowler, D.; Furneaux, K. L.; Gallagher, M.; Guenther, A.; Heard, D. E.; Helfter, C.; Hopkins, J.; Ingham, T.; Irwin, M.; Jones, C.; Karunaharan, A.; Langford, B.; Lewis, A.; Lim, S. F.; MacDonald, S. M.; MacKenzie, A. R.; Mahajan, A. S.; Malpass, S.; McFiggans, G.; Mills, G.; Misztal, P.; Moller, S.; Monks, P. S.; Nemitz, E.; Nicolas-Perea, V.; Oetjen, H.; Oram, D.; Palmer, P. I.; Phillips, G.; Plane, J. M. C.; Pugh, T.; Pyle, J. A.; Reeves, C. E.; Robinson, N. H.; Stewart, D.; Stone, D.; Whalley, L. K.; Yin, X.. 2010 Overview: Oxidant and particle photochemical processes above a south-east Asian tropical rain forest (the OP3 project): introduction, rationale, location characteristics and tools. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10. 169-199. 10.5194/acp-10-169-2010

Muller, Jennifer; Coyle, Mhairi; Helfter, Carole; Dorsey, James; Gallagher, Martin; Percival, Carl; Nemitz, Eiko; Fowler, David. 2010 Ozone fluxes over South-East Asian tropical rainforest and oil palm plantation. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 12, EGU2010-10667.

Di Marco, Chiara F.; Phillips, Gavin J.; Thomas, Rick; Tang, Sim; Nemitz, Eiko; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; Lim, Sei F.. 2010 Reactive nitrogen deposition to South East Asian rainforest. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 12, EGU2010-11614.

Muller, J. B. A.; Percival, C. J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Fowler, D.; Coyle, M.; Nemitz, E.. 2010 Sources of uncertainty in eddy covariance ozone flux measurements made by dry chemiluminescence fast response analysers. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 3. 163-176. 10.5194/amt-3-163-2010

Hewitt, C.N.; MacKenzie, A.R.; Di Carlo, P.; Di Marco, C. F.; Dorsey, J.R.; Evans, M.; Fowler, D.; Gallagher, M.W.; Hopkins, J.R.; Jones, C.E.; Langford, B.; Lee, J.D.; Lewis, A.C.; Lim, S.F.; McQuaid, J.; Misztal, P.; Moller, S.J.; Monks, P.S.; Nemitz, E.; Oram, D.E.; Owen, S.M.; Phillips, G.J.; Pugh, T.A.M.; Pyle, J.A.; Reeves, C.E.; Ryder, J.; Siong, J.; Skiba, U.; Stewart, D.J.. 2009 Nitrogen management is essential to prevent tropic oil palm plantations from causing ground level ozone pollution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (44). 18447-18451. 10.1073/pnas.0907541106

Muller, Jennifer B.A.; Coyle, Mhairi; Fowler, David; Gallagher, Martin W.; Nemitz, Eiko G.; Percival, Carl J.. 2009 Comparison of ozone fluxes over grassland by gradient and eddy covariance technique. Atmospheric Science Letters, 10 (3). 164-169. 10.1002/asl.226

Khlystova, Iryna; Buchwitz, Michael; Burrows, John P.; Bovensmann, Heinrich; Fowler, David. 2009 Carbon monoxide spatial gradients over source regions as observed by SCIAMACHY: A case study for the United Kingdom. Advances in Space Research, 43 (6). 923-929. 10.1016/j.asr.2008.10.012

Coyle, Mhairi; Nemitz, Eiko; Storeton-West, Robert; Fowler, David; Cape, J. Neil. 2009 Measurements of ozone deposition to a potato canopy. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149 (3-4). 655-666. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.020

Fowler, D.; Pilegaard, K.; Sutton, M.A.; Ambus, P.; Raivonen, M.; Duyzer, J.; Simpson, D.; Fagerli, H.; Fuzzi, S.; Schjoerring, J.K.; Grainer, C.; Neftel, A.; Isaksen, I.S.A.; Laj, P.; Maione, M.; Monks, P.S.; Burkhardt, J.; Daemmgen, U.; Neirynck, J.; Personne, E.; Wichink-Kruit, R.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Flechard, C.; Tuovinen, J.P.; Coyle, M.; Gerosa, G.; Loubet, B.; Altimir, N.; Gruenhage, L.; Ammann, C.; Cieslik, S.; Paoletti, E.; Mikkelsen, T.N.; Ro-Poulsen, H.; Cellier, P.; Cape, J.N.; Horvath, L.; Loreto, F.; Niinemets, U.; Palmer, P.I.; Rinne, J.; Misztal, P.; Nemitz, E.; Nilsson, D.; Pryor, S.; Gallagher, M.W.; Vesala, T.; Skiba, U.; Brueggemann, N.; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.; Williams, J.; O'Dowd, C.; Facchini, M.C.; de Leeuw, G.; Flossman, A.; Chaumerliac, N.; Erisman, J.W.. 2009 Atmospheric Composition Change: Ecosystems-Atmosphere interactions. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (33). 5193-5267. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.07.068

Isaksen, I.S.A.; Granier, C.; Myhre, G.; Bernsten, T.K.; Dalsoren, S.B.; Gauss, M.; Klimont, Z.; Benestad, R.; Bousquet, P.; Collins, W.; Cox, T.; Eyring, V.; Fowler, D.; Fuzzi, S.; Jockel, P.; Laj, P.; Lohmann, U.; Maione, M.; Monks, P.; Prevot, A.S.H.; Raes, F.; Richter, A.; Rognerud, B.; Schulz, M.; Shindell, D.; Stevenson, D.S.; Storelvmo, T.; Wang, W.-C.; Van Weele, M.; Wild, M.; Wuebbles, D.. 2009 Atmospheric composition change: Climate-Chemistry interactions. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (33). 5138-5192. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.003

Monks, P. S; Granier, C.; Fuzzi, S.; Stohl, A.; Williams, M. L.; Akimoto, H.; Amann, M.; Baklanov, A.; Baltensperger, U.; Bey, I.; Blake, N.; Blake, R. S.; Carslaw, K.; Cooper, O. R.; Dentener, F.; Fowler, D.; Fragkou, E.; Frost, G. J.; Generoso, S.; Ginoux, P.; Grewe, V.; Guenther, A.; Hanson, H. C.; Henne, S.; Hjorth, J.; Hofzumahaus, A.; Huntrieser, H.; Isaksen, I. S. A.; Jenkin, M. E.; Kaiser, J.; Kanakidou, M.; Klimont, Z.; Kulmala, M.; Laj, P.; Lawrence, M. G.; Lee, J. D.; Liousse, C.; Maione, M.; McFiggans, G.; Metzger, A.; Mieville, A.; Moussiopoulos, N.; Orlando, J. J.; O'Dowd, C. D.; Palmer, P. I.; Parrish, D. D.; Petzold, A.; Platt, U.; Poschl, U.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Reeves, C. E.; Reimann, S.; Rudich, Y.; Sellegri, K.; Steinbrecher, R.; Simpson, D.; ten Brink, H.; Theloke, J.; van der Werf, G. R.; Vautard, R.; Vestreng, V.; Vlachokostas, Ch.; von Glasow, R.. 2009 Atmospheric composition change: global and regional air quality. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (33). 5268-5350. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.021

Misztal, P.K.; Cape, J.N.; Langford, B.; Nemitz, E.; Helfter, C.; Owen, S.; Heal, M.R.; Hewitt, C.N.; Fowler, D.. 2009 BVOC fluxes from oil palm canopies in South East Asia. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 11, EGU2009-12061-1. 1, pp.

Laj, P.; Klausen, J.; Bilde, M.; Plaß-Duelmer, C.; Pappalardo, G.; Clerbaux, C.; Baltensperger, U.; Hjorth, J.; Simpson, D.; Reimann, S.; Coheur, P.-F.; Richter, A.; De Mazière, M.; Rudich, Y.; McFiggans, G.; Torseth, K.; Wiedensohler, A.; Morin, S.; Schulz, M.; Allan, J.D.; Attié, J.-L.; Barnes, I.; Birmili, W.; Cammas, J.P.; Dommen, J.; Dorn, H.-P.; Fowler, David; Fuzzi, S.; Glasius, M.; Granier, C.; Hermann, M.; Isaksen, I.S.A.; Kinne, S.; Koren, I.; Madonna, F.; Maione, M.; Massling, A.; Moehler, O.; Mona, L.; Monks, P.S.; Müller, D.; Müller, T.; Orphal, J.; Peuch, V.-H.; Stratmann, F.; Tanré, D.; Tyndall, G.; Abo Riziq, A.; Van Roozendael, M.; Villani, P.; Wehner, B.; Wex, H.; Zardini, A.A.. 2009 Measuring atmospheric composition change. Atmospheric Environment, 43 (33). 5351-5414. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.020

Nemitz, E.; Phillips, G. J.; Thomas, R.; di Marco, C. F.; Fowler, D.. 2009 New insights into the surface / atmosphere exchange of particles based on recent advances in measurement technology. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 90 (52 Fall Meet. Su), Abstract A54D-02.

Hewitt, C. N.; Lee, J.; Barkley, M. P.; Carslaw, N.; Chappell, N. A.; Coe, H.; Collier, C.; Commane, R.; Davies, F.; Di Carlo, P.; Di Marco, C.; Edwards, P. M.; Evans, M. J.; Fowler, D.; Furneaux, K. L.; Gallagher, M.; Guenther, A.; Heard, D. E.; Helfter, C.; Hopkins, J.; Ingham, T.; Irwin, M.; Jones, C.; Karunaharan, A.; Langford, B.; Lewis, A.; Lim, S. F.; MacDonald, S. M.; MacKenzie, A. R.; Mahajan, A. S.; Malpass, S.; McFiggans, G.; Mills, G.; Misztal, P.; Moller, S.; Monks, P. S.; Nemitz, E.; Nicolas-Perea, V.; Oetjen, H.; Oram, D.; Palmer, P.I.; Phillips, G.; Plane, J. M. C.; Pugh, T.; Pyle, J. A.; Reeves, C. E.; Robinson, N. H.; Stewart, D.; Stone, D.; Whalley, L. K.. 2009 Oxidant and particle photochemical processes above a south-east Asian tropical rain forest (the OP3 project): introduction, rationale, location characteristics and tools. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 9. 18899-18963.

Muller, J. B. A.; Percival, C. J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Fowler, D.; Coyle, M.; Nemitz, E.. 2009 Sources of uncertainty in eddy covariance ozone flux measurements made by dry chemiluminescence fast response analysers. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 2. 2241-2280.

Matejko, Malgorzata; Dore, Antony J.; Hall, Jane; Dore, Christopher J.; Blas, Marek; Kryza, Maciej; Smith, Rognvald; Fowler, David. 2009 The influence of long term trends in pollutant emissions on deposition of sulphur and nitrogen and exceedance of critical loads in the United Kingdom. Environmental Science and Policy, 12. 882-896. 10.1016/j.envsci.2009.08.005

Cape, J. N.; Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; van Dijk, N.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Estimate of annual NH3 dry deposition to a fumigated ombrotrophic bog using concentration-dependent deposition velocities. Atmospheric Environment, 42 (27). 6637-6646. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.04.027

Huntingford, Chris; Fowler, David. 2008 Climate change: seeking balance in media reports. Environmental Research Letters, 3 (2), 021001. 4, pp. 10.1088/1748-9326/3/2/021001

Jones, M. R.; Raven, J. A.; Leith, I. D.; Cape, J. N.; Smith, R. I.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Short-term flux chamber experiment to quantify the deposition of gaseous 15N-NH3 to Calluna vulgaris. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148 (6-7). 893-901. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.12.003

Whitehead, James D.; Twigg, Marsailidh; Famulari, Daniela; Nemitz, Eiko; Sutton, Mark A.; Gallagher, Martin W.; Fowler, David. 2008 Evaluation of laser absorption spectroscopic techniques for eddy covariance flux measurements of ammonia. Environmental Science & Technology, 42 (6). 2041-2046. 10.1021/es071596u

Cape, J. N.; Jones, M.; Leith, I.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; van Dijk, N.; Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Concentration-dependent deposition velocities for ammonia – from lab to field. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 10, EGU2008-A-01929.

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Crossley, A.; van Dijk, N.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Woods, C.. 2008 Stress responses of Calluna vulgaris to reduced and oxidised N applied under real world conditions. Environmental Pollution, 154 (3). 404-413. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.040

Leith, I. D.; Mitchell, R. J.; Truscott, A.-M.; Cape, J. N.; van Dijk, N.; Smith, R. I.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2008 The influence of nitrogen in stemflow and precipitation on epiphyticbryophytes, Isothecium myosuroides Brd., Dicranum scoparium Hewd. and Thuidium tamariscinum (Hewd) Schimp of Atlantic oakwoods. Environmental Pollution, 155 (2). 237-246. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.11.031

Fowler, David; Smith, Rognvald; Muller, Jennifer; Cape, Neil; Sutton, Mark; Erisman, Jan Willem; Fagerli, Hilde. 2007 Long term trends in sulphur and nitrogen deposition in Europe and the cause of non-linearities. Water Air Soil Pollution: Focus, 7 (1-3). 41-47. 10.1007/s11267-006-9102-x

Sutton, M.A.; Nemitz, E.; Erisman, J.W.; Beier, C.; Butterbach Bahl, K.; Cellier, P.; de Vries, W.; Cotrufo, F.; Skiba, U.; Di Marco, C.; Jones, S.; Laville, P.; Soussana, J. F.; Loubet, B.; Twigg, M.; Famulari, D.; Whitehead, J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Neftel, A.; Flechard, C. R.; Herrmann, B.; Calanca, P. L.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Daemmgen, U.; Horvath, L.; Tang, Y. S.; Emmett, B. A.; Tietema, A.; Penuelas, J.; Kesik, M.; Brueggemann, N.; Pilegaard, K.; Vesala, T.; Campbell, C. L.; Olesen, J. E.; Dragosits, U.; Theobald, M. R.; Levy, P.; Mobbs, D. C.; Milne, R.; Viovy, N.; Vuichard, N.; Smith, J. U.; Smith, P.; Bergamaschi, P.; Fowler, D.; Reis, S.. 2007 Challenges in quantifying biosphere - atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. Environmental Pollution, 150. 125-139. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.04.014

Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Fowler, D.; Raven, J. A; Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Cape, J. N.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smith, R. I.; Theobald, M. R.. 2007 Concentration-dependent NH3 deposition processes for mixed moorland semi-natural vegetation. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (10). 2049-2060. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.11.003

Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Raven, J. A; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Cape, J. N.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smith, R. I.. 2007 Concentration-dependent NH3 deposition processes for moorland plant species with and without stomata. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (39). 8980-8994. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.08.015

Bealey, W. J.; McDonald, A. G.; Nemitz, E.; Donovan, R.; Dragosits, U.; Duffy, T. R.; Fowler, D.. 2007 Estimating the reduction of urban PM10 concentrations by trees within an environmental information system for planners. Journal of Environmental Management, 85 (1). 44-58. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.07.007

McDonald, A. G.; Bealey, W. J.; Fowler, D.; Dragosits, U.; Skiba, U.; Smith, R.; Donovan, R. G.; Brett, H. E.; Hewitt, C. N.; Nemitz, E.. 2007 Quantifying the effect of urban tree planting on concentrations and depositions of PM10 in two UK conurbations. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (38). 8455-8467. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.07.025

Pitcairn, Carole; Fowler, David; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Tang, Sim; Sutton, Mark; Famulari, Daniela. 2006 Diagnostic indicators of elevated nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution, 144. 941-950. 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.049

Likuku, A. S.; Branford, D.; Fowler, D.; Weston, K. J.. 2006 Inventories of fallout 210Pb and 137Cs radionuclides in moorland and woodland soils around Edinburgh urban area (UK). Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 90. 37-47. 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.06.006

Sutton, M.A.; Dragosits, U.; Simmons, I.; Tang, Y.; Hellsten, S.; Love, L.; Vieno, M.; Skiba, U.; Di Marco, C.; Storeton-West, R.L.; Fowler, D.; Williams, J.; North, P.; Hobbs, P.; Misselbrook, T.. 2006 Monitoring and modelling trace-gas changes following the 2001 outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease to reduce the uncertainties in agricultural emissions abatement. Environmental Science and Policy, 9. 407-422. 10.1016/j.envsci.2006.04.001

Dore, A. J.; Mousavi-Baygi, M.; Smith, R. I.; Hall, J.; Fowler, D.; Choularton, T. W.. 2006 A model of annual orographic precipitation and acid deposition and its application to Snowdonia. Atmospheric Environment, 40 (18). 3316-3326. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.01.043

Culshaw, M. G.; Nathanail, C. P.; Leeks, G. J. L.; Alker, S.; Bridge, D.; Duffy, T.; Fowler, D.; Packman, J. C.; Swetnam, R.; Wadsworth, R.; Wyatt, B.. 2006 The role of web-based environmental information in urban planning - the environmental information system for planners. Science of the Total Environment, 360. 233-245. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.08.037

Erisman, Jan Willem; Hensen, Arjan; Mosquera, Julio; Sutton, Mark; Fowler, David. 2005 Deposition monitoring networks: what monitoring is required to give reasonable estimates of ammonia/ammonium? Environmental Pollution, 135. 419-431. 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.11.015

Dammgen, Ulrich; Erisman, Jan Willem; Cape, J. Neil; Grunhage, Ludger; Fowler, David. 2005 Practical considerations for addressing uncertainties in monitoring bulk deposition. Environmental Pollution, 134 (3). 535-548. 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.08.013

Erisman, Jan Willam; Vermeulen, Alex; Hensen, Arjan; Flechard, Chris; Dammgen, Ulrigh; Fowler, David; Sutton, Mark; Grunhage, Ludger; Tuovinen, Juha-Pekka. 2005 Monitoring and modelling of biosphere/atmosphere exchange of gases and aerosols in Europe. Environmental Pollution, 133 (3). 403-413. 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.07.004

Fowler, David; Muller, Jennifer; Smith, Rognvald I.; Cape, John Neil; Erisman, Jan Willem. 2005 Non-linearities in source receptor relationships for sulphur and nitrogen compounds. Ambio, 34 (1). 41-46.

Fowler, D.; Smith, R. I.; Muller, J. B. A.; Hayman, G.; Vincent, K. J.. 2005 Changes in the atmospheric deposition of acidifying compounds in the UK between 1986 and 2001. Environmental Pollution, 137. 15-25. 10.1016/j.envpol.2004.12.028

Gauci, Vincent; Fowler, David; Chapman, Stephen J.; Dise, Nancy B. 2005 Sulfate deposition and temperature controls on methane emission and sulfur forms in peat. Biogeochemistry, 71 (2). 141-162. 10.1007/s10533-004-9681-4

Mitchell, R. J.; Truscott, A. M.; Leith, I. D.; Cape, J. N.; van Dijk, N.; Tang, Y. S.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2005 A study of the epiphytic communities of Atlantic oak woods along an atmospheric nitrogen deposition gradient. Journal of Ecology, 93. 482-492. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.00967.x

Fowler, D.; O'Donoghue, M.; Muller, J. B. A.; Smith, R. I.; Dragosits, U.; Skiba, U.; Sutton, M. A.; Brimblecombe, P.. 2004 A chronology of nitrogen deposition in the UK between 1900 and 2000. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 9-23. 10.1007/s11267-004-3009-1

Sutton, M.A.; Dragosits, U.; Hellsten, S.; Place, C.J.; Dore, A.J.; Tang, Y.S.; van Dijk, N.; Love, L.; Fournier, N.; Vieno, M.; Weston, K.J.; Smith, R.I.; Coyle, M.; Roy, D.; Hall, J.; Fowler, D.. 2004 Ammonia emission and deposition in Scotland and its potential environmental impacts. The Scientific World, 4. 795-810. 10.1100/tsw.2004.130

Fowler, D.; Skiba, U.; Nemitz, E.; Choubedar, F.; Branford, D.; Donovan, R.; Rowland, P.. 2004 Measuring Aerosol and Heavy Metal Deposition on Urban Woodland and Grass Using Inventories of 210Pb and Metal Concentrations in Soil. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4. 483-499. 10.1023/B:WAFO.0000028373.02470.ba

Sutton, M.A.; Dragosits, U.; Dore, A.J.; McDonald, A.G.; Tang, Y.S.; van Dijk, N.; Bantock, T.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Simmons, I.; Fowler, D.; Williams, J.; Brown, L.; Hobbs, P.; Missenbrook, T.. 2004 The potential of NH3, N2O and CH4 measurements following the 2001 outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease in Great Britain to reduce the uncertainties in agricultural emissions abatement. Environmental Science and Policy, 7 (3). 177-194. 10.1016/j.envsci.2004.02.006

Sheppard, L.; Crossley, A.; Leith, I.D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Carfrae, J.; van Dijk, N.; Cape, J.N.; Sleep, D.; Fowler, D.; Raven, J.A.. 2004 An Automated Wet Deposition System to Compare the Effects of Reduced and Oxidised N on Ombrotrophic Bog Species: Practical Considerations. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 197-205. 10.1007/s11267-004-3030-4

Smart, Simon; Ashmore, Mike; Hornung, Michael; Scott, Wendy; Fowler, David; Dragosits, Ulrike; Howard, David; Sutton, Mark; Famulari, Daniela. 2004 Detecting the signal of atmospheric N deposition in recent national-scale vegetation change across Britain. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 269-278. 10.1007/s11267-005-3037-5

Di Marco, C.; Skiba, U.; Weston, K.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Fowler, D.. 2004 Field Scale N2O Flux Measurements from Grassland Using Eddy Covariance. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 143-149. 10.1007/s11267-004-3024-2

Fowler, D.; Muller, J.; Sheppard, L.. 2004 The GaNE Programme in a Global Perspective. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 3-8. 10.1007/s11267-004-3008-2

Skiba, U.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Sheppard, L.; Kennedy, V.; Fowler, D.. 2004 The Influence of Atmospheric N Deposition on Nitrous Oxide and Nitric Oxide Fluxes and Soil Ammonium and Nitrate Concentrations. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 37-43. 10.1007/s11267-004-3011-7

Billett, M.F.; Palmer, S.M.; Hope, D.; Deacon, C.; Storeton-West, R.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Flechard, C.; Fowler, D.. 2004 Linking land-atmosphere-stream carbon fluxes in a lowland peatland system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18 (1), GB1024. 10.1029/2003GB002058

Famulari, D.; Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Milford, C.; Nemitz, E.; Sutton, M.A.; Weston, K.. 2004 Measuring Eddy Covariance Fluxes of Ammonia Using Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 151-158. 10.1007/s11267-004-3025-1

Theobald, M.R.; Dragosits, U.; Place, C.J.; Smith, J.U.; Sozanska, M.; Brown, L; Scholefield, D; Prado, A; Webb, J; Whitehead, P; Angus, A; Hodge, I; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M.A.. 2004 Modelling Nitrogen Fluxes at the Landscape Scale. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 4 (6). 135-142. 10.1007/s11267-004-3023-3

Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Jones, Matthew; Crossley, Alan; Hargreaves, Ken J; Tang, Yuk; Theobald, Mark; Sutton, Mark. 2004 Quantifying dry NH3 deposition to an ombrotrophic bog from an automated NH3 field release system. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 207-218. 10.1007/s11267-004-3031-3

Branford, D.; Fowler, D.; Moghaddam, M. V.. 2004 Study of Aerosol Deposition at a Wind Exposed Forest Edge Using 210Pb and 137Cs Soil Inventories. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 157. 107-116. 10.1023/B:WATE.0000038879.99600.69

Pitcairn, C E R; Fowler, D.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Kennedy, V; Okello, E. 2003 Bioindicators of enhanced nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution, 126 (3). 353-361. 10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00248-3

Cape, J. Neil; Fowler, David; Davison, Alan. 2003 Ecological effects of sulfur dioxide, fluorides, and minor air pollutants: recent trends and research needs. Environment International, 29. 201-211. 10.1016/S0160-4120(02)00180-0

Beswick, K. M.; Choularton, T. W.; Inglis, D. W. F.; Dore, A. J.; Fowler, D.. 2003 Influences on long-term trends in ion concentration and deposition at Holme Moss. Atmospheric Environment, 37 (14). 1927-1940. 10.1016/S1352-2310(03)00046-3

Coyle, M.; Smith, R.; Fowler, D.. 2003 An ozone budget for the UK: using measurements from the national ozone monitoring network; measured and modelled meteorological data, and a ‘big-leaf’ resistance analogy model of dry deposition. Environmental Pollution, 123. 115-123. 10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00339-1

Coyle, M.; Fowler, D.; Ashmore, M.. 2003 New Directions: Implications of increasing tropospheric background ozone concentrations for vegetation. Atmospheric Environment, 37 (1). 153-154. 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00861-0

Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Skiba, U. M.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Munro, R.; Kennedy, V. 2002 Defining the spatial impacts of poultry farm ammonia emissions on species composition of adjacent woodland groundflora using Ellenberg Nitrogen Index, nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions and foliar nitrogen as marker variables. Environmental Pollution, 119. 9-21. 10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00148-8

Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.. 2002 Introduction: fluxes and impacts of atmospheric ammonia on national, landscape and farm scales. Environmental Pollution, 119. 7-8. 10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00145-2

Gallagher, M. W.; Nemitz, E.; Dorsey, J. R.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Flynn, M.; Duyzer, J. H.. 2002 Measurements and parameterizations of small aerosol deposition velocities to grassland, arable crops, and forest: Influence of surface roughness length on deposition. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (12), 4154. 10.1029/2001JD000817

Nemitz, Eiko; Hargreaves, Kenneth J.; McDonald, Alan G.; Dorsey, James R.; Fowler, David. 2002 Micrometeorological measurements of the urban heat budget and CO2 emissions on a city scale. Environmental Science & Technology, 36 (14). 3139-3146. 10.1021/es010277e

Dorsey, J. R.; Nemitz, E.; Gallagher, M. W.; Fowler, D.; Williams, P. I.; Bower, K. N.; Beswick, K. M.. 2002 Direct measurements and parameterisation of aerosol flux, concentration and emission velocity above a city. Atmospheric Environment, 36 (5). 791-800. 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00526-X

Leith, I.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Sheppard, L.; Hill, P. W.; Cape, J. N.; Fowler, D.; Tang, Y. S.; Smith, R. I.; Parrington, J. A.. 2002 A Comparison of Impacts of N Deposition Applied as NH~3 or as NH~4Cl on Ombrotrophic Mire Vegetation. Phyton (Austria) Special Issue: Global Change, 42 (3). 83-88.

Gauci, Vincent; Dise, Nancy; Fowler, David. 2002 Controls on suppression of methane flux from a peat bog subjected to simulated acid rain sulfate deposition. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16 (1). 4-12. 10.1029/2000GB001370

Nemitz, E.; Gallagher, M.W.; Duyzer, J.H.; Fowler, D.. 2002 Micrometeorological measurements of particle deposition velocities to moorland vegetation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 128 (585). 2281-2300. 10.1256/qj.01.71

Coyle, M.; Smith, R. I.; Stedman, J. R.; Weston, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 2002 Quantifying the spatial distribution of surface ozone concentration in the UK. Atmospheric Environment, 36 (6). 1013-1024. 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00303-X

Lee, D. S.; Nemitz, E.; Fowler, D.; Kingdon, R. D.. 2001 Modelling atmospheric mercury transport and deposition across Europe and the UK. Atmospheric Environment, 35. 5455-5466. 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00284-9

Lee, David S.; Fowler, David; Nemitz, Eiko. 2001 New Directions: The European Air Quality Framework Directive and atmospheric mercury: the wrong tool for the job? Atmospheric Environment, 35. 5855-5857. 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00431-9

Fowler, David; Flechard, Chris; Cape, J. Neil; Storeton-West, Robert L.; Coyle, Mhairi. 2001 Measurements of Ozone Deposition to Vegetation Quantifying the Flux, the Stomatal and Non-Stomatal Components. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130. 63-74. 10.1023/A:1012243317471

Aneja, Viney P.; Roelle, Paul A.; Murray, George C.; Southerland, James; Erisman, Jan Willem; Fowler, David; Asman, Willem A. H.; Patni, Naveen. 2001 Atmospheric nitrogen compounds II: emissions, transport, transformation, deposition and assessment. Atmospheric Environment, 35 (11). 1903-1911. 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00543-4

Nicholson, J. P.; Weston, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 2001 Modelling horizontal and vertical concentration profiles of ozone and oxides of nitrogen within high-latitude urban areas. Atmospheric Environment, 35 (11). 2009-2022. 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00435-0

Hill, Paul W.; Raven, John A.; Loubet, Benjamin; Fowler, David; Sutton, Mark A.. 2001 Comparison of Gas Exchange and Bioassay Determinations of the Ammonia Compensation Point in Luzula sylvatica (Huds.) Gaud. Plant Physiology, 125. 476-487.

Fowler, David; Coyle, Mhairi; Flechard, Chris; Hargreaves, Ken; Nemitz, Eiko; Storeton-West, Robert; Sutton, Mark; Erisman, Jan-Willem. 2001 Advances in micrometeorological methods for the measurement and interpretation of gas and particle nitrogen fluxes. Plant and Soil, 228 (1). 117-129. 10.1023/A:1004871511282

Hargreaves, K. J.; Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Aurela, M.. 2001 Annual methane emission from Finnish mires estimated from eddy covariance campaign measurements. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 70 (1-2). 203-213. 10.1007/s007040170015

Sutton, M.A.; Milford, C.; Nemitz, E.; Theobald, M.; Hill, P.W.; Fowler, D.; Schjoerring, J.K.; Mattsson, M.E.; Nielson, K.H.; Husted, S.; Erisman, J.W.; Otjes, R.; Hensen, A; Mosquera, J.; Cellier, P.; Loubet, B.; David, M; Genermont, S.; Neftel, A.; Blatter, A.; Hermann, B.; Jones, S.K.; Horvath, L.; Fuhrer, E.C.; Mantzanas, K.; Koukoura, Z.; Gallagher, M.; Williams, P.; Flynn, M.; Riedo, M.. 2001 Biosphere-atmosphere interactions of ammonia with grasslands: Experimental strategy and results from a new European initiative. Plant & Soil, 228 (1). 131-145. 10.1023/A:1004822100016

Sutton, M. A.; Miners, M A; Tang, Y. S.; Milford, C; Wyers, G P; Duyzer, J H; Fowler, D.. 2001 Comparison of low cost measurement techniques for long-term monitoring of atmospheric ammonia. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 3. 446-453. 10.1039/b102303a

Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy; Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Cape, J. Neil; Hill, PaulW.; Kennedy, Valerie H.; Tang, Y. Sim; Smith, Ron I.; Fowler, David. 2001 Comparison of the Effects of Wet N Deposition (NH_4Cl) and Dry N Deposition (NH_3) on UK Moorland Species. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130 (1-4). 1043-1048. 10.1023/A:1013960329208

Fowler, D.; Sutton, M.A.; Flechard, C.; Cape, J.N.; Storeton-West, R.; Coyle, M.; Smith, R.I.. 2001 The Control of SO2 Dry Deposition on to Natural Surfaces by NH3 and its Effects on Regional Deposition. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 1 (5-6). 39-48. 10.1023/A:1013161912231

Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Leith, Ian D.; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; Hargreaves, Ken J.; Moghaddam, Masoud; Kennedy, Valerie H; Grannat, Lennart. 2001 Foliar Nitrogen as an Indicator of Nitrogen Deposition and Critical Loads Exceedance on a European Scale. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130. 1037-1042. 10.1023/A:1013908312369

Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.. 2001 Uncertainty in Estimation of Wet Deposition of Sulphur. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 1 (5-6). 341-354. 10.1023/A:1013144231312

Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Fowler, D.; Wyers, G. P.; Otjes, R. P.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Husted, S.; Nielsen, K. H.; San Jose, R.; Moreno, J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Gut, A.. 2000 Fluxes of ammonia over oilseed rape: Overview of the EXAMINE experiment. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 105 (4). 327-349. 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00202-1

Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Milford, C.; Fowler, D.; Moreno, J.; San Jose, R.; Wyers, G. P.; Otjes, R. P.; Harrison, R.; Husted, S.; Schjoerring, J. K.. 2000 Micrometeorological measurements of net ammonia fluxes over oilseed rape during two vegetation periods. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 105 (4). 351-369. 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00203-3

Nemitz, Eiko; Sutton, Mark A.; Wyers, G. Paul; Otjes, Rene P.; Schjorring, Jan K.; Gallagher, Martin W.; Parrington, Judith; Fowler, David; Choularton, Thomas W.. 2000 Surface/atmosphere exchange and chemical interaction of gases and aerosols over oilseed rape. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 105 (4). 427-445. 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00207-0

Nemitz, E.; Fowler, D.; Dorsey, J. R.; Theobald, M. A.; McDonald, A. D.; Bower, K. N.; Beswick, K. M.; Williams, P. I.; Gallagher, M. W.. 2000 Direct measurements of size-segregated particle fluxes above a city. Journal of Aerosol Science, 31 (Supplement 1). 116-117. 10.1016/S0021-8502(00)90123-X

Dorsey, J. R.; Nemitz, E.; Gallagher, W. M.; Bower, K. N.; Williams, P. I.; Fowler, D.. 2000 Total aerosol flux measurements above a cityscape. Journal of Aerosol Science, 31 (S1). 303-304. 10.1016/S0021-8502(00)90313-6

Hicks, W. K.; Leith, I. D.; Woodin, S. J.; Fowler, D.. 2000 Can the foliar nitrogen concentration of upland vegetation be used for predicting atmospheric nitrogen deposition? Evidence from field surveys. Environmental Pollution, 107 (3). 367-376. 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00166-9

Sutton, Mark; Dragosits, Ulrike; Tang, Yuk; Fowler, David. 2000 Ammonia emissions from non-agricultural sources in the UK. Atmospheric Environment, 34 (6). 855-869. 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00362-3

Smith, K. A.; Dobbie, K. E.; Ball, B. C.; Bakken, L. R.; Sitaula, B. K.; Hansen, S.; Brumme, R.; Borken, W.; Christensen, S.; Prieme, A.; Fowler, D.; Macdonald, J. A.; Skiba, U.; Klemedtsson, L.; Kasimir-Klemedtsson, A.; Degorska, A.; Orlanski, P.. 2000 Oxidation of atmospheric methane in Northern European soil, comparison with other ecosystems, and uncertainties in the global terrestrial sink. Global Change Biology, 6 (7). 791-803. 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.00356

Smith, R. I.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Flechard, C.; Coyle, M.. 2000 Regional estimation of pollutant gas dry deposition in the UK: model description, sensitivity analyses and outputs. Atmospheric Environment, 34 (22). 3757-3777. 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00517-8

Fowler, David; Cape, J. Neil; Coyle, Mhairi; Flechard, Chris; Kuylenstierna, Johan; Hicks, Kevin; Derwent, Dick; Johnson, Colin; Stevenson, David. 1999 The global exposure of forests to air pollutants. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 116 (1-2). 5-32. 10.1023/A:1005249231882

Reynolds, Brian; Lowe, J A H; Smith, Rognvald; Norris, David; Fowler, David; Bell, S A; Stevens, P A; Ormerod, S J. 1999 Acid Deposition in Wales: the results of the 1995 Welsh Acid Waters Survey. Environmental Pollution, 105 (2). 251-266. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00218-8

Leith, Ian D.; Hicks, W. Kevin; Fowler, David; Woodin, Sarah J.. 1999 Differential responses of UK upland plants to nitrogen deposition. New Phytologist, 141 (2). 277-289. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1999.00333.x

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Coyle, M.; Smith, R. I.; Hellbrekke, A G; Simpson, D; Derwent, R. G.; Johnson, C. E.. 1999 Modelling photochemical oxidant formation, transport, deposition and exposure of terrestrial ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 100 (1-3). 43-55. 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00087-1

Flechard, C.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M.A.; Cape, J.N.. 1999 A dynamic chemical model of bi-directional ammonia exchange between semi-natural vegetation and the atmosphere. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 125 (559). 2611-2641. 10.1002/qj.49712555914

MacDonald, J. A.; Jeeva, D.; Eggleton, P.; Davies, R.; Bignell, D. E.; Fowler, D.; Lawton, J.; Maryati, M.. 1999 The effect of termite biomass and anthropogenic disturbance on the CH4 budgets of tropical forests in Cameroon and Borneo. Global Change Biology, 5 (8). 869-879. 10.1046/j.1365-2486.1999.00279.x

Erisman, J. W.; Mennen, M.; Fowler, D.; Flechard, C. R.; Spindler, G.; Gruner, G.; Duyzer, J. H.; Ruigrok, W.; Wyers, G. P.. 1998 Deposition Monitoring in Europe. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 53 (2). 279-295. 10.1023/A:1005818820053

Branford, D.; Mourne, R. W.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Spatial variations of wet deposition rates in an extended region of complex topography deduced from measurements of Pb-210 soil inventories. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 41 (2). 111-125. 10.1016/S0265-931X(98)00008-3

MacDonald, J. A.; Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Skiba, U.; Leith, I.; Murray, M. B.. 1998 Methane emission rates from a northern wetland; response to temperature, water table and transport. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (19). 3219-3227. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00464-0

Beswick, K. M.; Simpson, T. W.; Fowler, D.; Choularton, T. W.; Gallagher, M. W.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Kaye, A.. 1998 Methane emissions on large scales. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (19). 3283-3291. 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00080-6

Hargreaves, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Quantifying the effects of water table and soil temperature on the emission of methane from peat wetland at the field scale. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (19). 3275-3282. 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00082-X

Skiba, U. M.; Sheppard, L. J.; MacDonald, J; Fowler, D.. 1998 Some key environmental variables controlling nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural and semi-natural soils in Scotland. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (19). 3311-3320. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00364-6

Burkhardt, J; Sutton, Mark; Milford, C; Storeton-West, Robert; Fowler, David. 1998 Ammonia concentrations at a site in Southern Scotland from 2 yr of continuous measurements. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (3). 325-331. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00198-2

Sutton, Mark; Lee, D S; Dollard, G J; Fowler, David. 1998 Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Introduction. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (3). 269-271. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00515-3

Sutton, M. A.; Burkhardt, J. K.; Guerin, D.; Nemitz, E.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Development of resistance models to describe measurements of bi-directional ammonia surface-atmosphere exchange. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (3). 473-480. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00164-7

Fowler, D.; Flechard, C. R.; Sutton, M. A.; Storeton-West, R. L.. 1998 Long-term measurements of the land-atmosphere exchange of ammonia over moorland. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (3). 453-459. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00044-7

Flechard, C.R.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Atmospheric ammonia at a moorland site. I: The meteorological control of ambient ammonia concentrations and the influence of local sources. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 124 (547). 733-757. 10.1002/qj.49712454705

Flechard, C.R.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Atmospheric ammonia at a moorland site. II: Long-term surface-atmosphere micrometeorological flux measurements. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 124 (547). 759-791. 10.1002/qj.49712454706

Sutton, M. A.; Milford, C.; Dragosits, U.; Place, C. J.; Singles, R. J.; Smith, R. I.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Fowler, D.; Hill, J; Apsimon, H. M.; Ross, C.; Hill, R.; Jarvis, S. C.; Pain, B. F.; Phillips, V. C.; Harrison, R.; Moss, D.; Webb, J.; Espenhahn, S. E.; Lee, D. S.; Hornung, M.; Ullyett, J.; Bull, K. R.; Emmett, B. A.; Lowe, J.; Wyers, G. P.. 1998 Dispersion, deposition and impacts of atmospheric ammonia: quantifying local budgets and spatial variability. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 349-361. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80054-7

MacDonald, Jannette A.; Eggleton, Paul; Bignell, David E.; Forzi, Francis; Fowler, David. 1998 Methane emission by termites and oxidation by soils, across a forest disturbance gradient in the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, Cameroon. Global Change Biology, 4 (4). 409-418. 10.1046/j.1365-2486.1998.00163.x

Sutton, Mark; Tang, Sim; Fowler, David. 1998 Monitoring of atmospheric ammonia: first results. ECN Newsletter, 10. 2-3.

Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Smith, R. I.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Coyle, M.; Campbell, G.; Stedman, J.. 1998 Regional mass budgets of oxidized and reduced nitrogen and their relative contribution to the nitrogen inputs of sensitive ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 337-342. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80052-3

Skiba, U.; Sheppard, L.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I.; Crossley, A.; van Dijk, S.; Kennedy, V. J.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Soil nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions as indicators of elevated atmospheric N deposition rates in seminatural ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 457-461. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80069-9

Fowler, David; Flechard, Chris; Skiba, Ute; Coyle, Mhairi; Cape, J. Neil. 1998 The atmospheric budget of oxidized nitrogen and its role in ozone formation and deposition. New Phytologist, 139 (1). 11-23. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1998.00167.x

Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Sutton, M. A.; Flechard, C.; Loubet, B; Coyle, M.; Munro, R. C.. 1998 The mass budget of atmospheric ammonia in woodland within 1 km of livestock buildings. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 343-348. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80053-5

Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Munro, R. C.; Tang, S.; Wilson, D. 1998 The relationship between nitrogen deposition, species composition and foliar nitrogen concentrations in woodland flora in the vicinity of livestock farms. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 41-48. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80013-4

MacDonald, J. A.; Skiba, U.; Sheppard, L. J.; Ball, B; Roberts, J. D.; Smith, K. A.; Fowler, D.. 1997 The effect of nitrogen deposition and seasonal variability on methane oxidation and nitrous oxide emission rates in an upland spruce plantation and moorland. Atmospheric Environment, 31 (22). 3693-3706. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00265-3

Choularton, T. W.; Colvile, R. N.; Bower, K. N.; Gallagher, M. W.; Wells, M.; Beswick, K. M.; Arends, B. G.; Mols, J. J.; Kos, G. P. A.; Fuzzi, S.; Lind, J. A.; Orsi, G.; Facchini, M. C.; Laj, P.; Gieray, R.; Wieser, P.; Engelhardt, T.; Berner, A.; Kruisz, C.; Moller, D.; Acker, K.; Wieprecht, W.; Luttke, J.; Levsen, K.; Bizjak, M.; Hansson, H.-C.; Cederfelt, S.-I.; Frank, G.; Mentes, B.; Martinsson, B.; Orsine, D.; Svenningsson, B.; Swietlicki, E.; Wiedensohler, A.; Noone, K. J.; Pahl, S.; Winkler, P.; Seyffer, E.; Helas, G.; Jaeschke, W.; Georgii, H. W.; Wobrock, W.; Preiss, M.; Maser, R.; Schell, D.; Dollard, G.; Jones, B.; Davies, T.; Sedlak, D. L.; David, M. M.; Wendisch, M.; Cape, J. N.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Storeton-West, R. L.; Fowler, D.; Hallberg, A.; Harrison, R. M.; Peak, J. D.. 1997 The Great Dun Fell Cloud Experiment 1993: an overview. Atmospheric Environment, 31 (16). 2393-2405. 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00316-0

Sutton, M. A.; Perthue, E; Fowler, D.; Storeton-West, R. L.; Cape, J. N.; Arends, G. G.; Mols, J. J.. 1997 Vertical distribution and fluxes of ammonia at Great Dun Fell. Atmospheric Environment, 31 (16). 2615-2623. 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00180-X

Wells, M.; Bower, K. N.; Choularton, T. W.; Cape, J. N.; Sutton, M. A.; Storeton-West, R. L.; Fowler, D.; Wiedensohler, A.; Hansson, H. C.; Svenningsson, B.; Swietlicki, E.; Wendisch, M.; Jones, B.; Dollard, G.; Acker, K.; Wieprecht, W.; Priess, M.; Arends, B. G.; Pahl, S.; Berner, A.; Kruisz, C.; Laj, P.; Facchini, M. C.; Fuzzi, S.. 1997 The reduced nitrogen budget of an orographic cloud. Atmospheric Environment, 31 (16). 2599-2614. 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00189-6

Reynolds, B.; Fowler, D.; Smith, R. I.; Hall, J. R.. 1997 Atmospheric inputs and catchment solute fluxes for major ions in five Welsh upland catchments. Journal of Hydrology, 194 (1-4). 305-329. 10.1016/S0022-1694(96)03226-X

Smith, R. I.; Cape, J. N.; Binnie, J.; Murray, T. D.; Young, M.; Fowler, D.. 1997 Deposition of atmospheric pollutants to the LOIS area. Science of the Total Environment, 194. 71-85. 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05354-5

Cannell, M.G.R.; Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.. 1997 Climate change and pollutant impacts on Scottish vegetation. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 49 (2). 301-313. 10.1080/03746609708684875

Skiba, U.; Fowler, D.; Smith, K.A.. 1997 Nitric oxide emissions from agricultural soils in temperate and tropical climates: sources, controls and mitigation options. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 48 (1-2). 139-153. 10.1023/A:1009734514983

Wells, M.; Bower, K. N.; Choularton, T. W.; Cape, J. N.; Sutton, M. A.; Storeton-West, R. L.; Fowler, D.; Wiedensohler, A.; Hansson, H. -C.; Svenningsson, B.; Swietlicki, E.; Wendisch, M.; Jones, B.; Dollard, G.; Acker, K.; Wieprecht, W.; Preiss, M.; Arends, B. G.; Pahl, S.; Berner, A.; Kruisz, C.; Laj, P.; Facchini, M. C.; Fuzzi, S.. 1997 The reduced nitrogen budget of an orographic cloud. Atmospheric Environment, 31 (16). 2599-2613. 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00189-6

Reynolds, B.; Fowler, D.; Thomas, S.. 1996 Chemistry of cloud water at an upland site in mid-Wales. Science of the Total Environment, 188 (2). 115-125. 10.1016/0048-9697(96)05165-0

MacDonald, Jannette A.; Skiba, Ute; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Hargreaves, Kenneth A.; Smith, Keith A.; Fowler, David. 1996 Soil environmental variables affecting the flux of methane from a range of forest, moorland and agricultural soils. Biogeochemistry, 34 (3). 113-132. 10.1007/BF00000898

Hargreaves, K. J.; Wienhold, F. G.; Klemedtsson, L.; Arah, J. R. M.; Beverland, I .J.; Fowler, D.; Galle, B.; Griffith, D. W. T.; Skiba, U.; Smith, K. A.; Welling, M.; Harris, G.W.. 1996 Measurement of nitrous oxide emission from agricultural land using micrometeorological methods. Atmospheric Environment, 30 (10-11). 1563-1571. 10.1016/1352-2310(95)00468-8

Skiba, U; McTaggart, I. P.; Smith, K. A.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 1996 Estimates of nitrous oxide emissions from soil in the UK. Energy Conversion and Management, 37 (6-8). 1303-1308. 10.1016/0196-8904(95)00337-1

Skiba, U.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Beverland, I.J.; O'Neill, D.H.; Fowler, D.; Moncrieff, J.B.. 1996 Measurement of field scale N2O emission fluxes from a wheat crop using micrometeorological techniques. Plant and Soil, 181 (1). 139-144. 10.1007/BF00011300

Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Choularton, T. W.; Gallagher, M. W.; Kaye, A.. 1996 Measurement of regional CH4 emissions in the UK using boundary layer budget methods. Energy Conversion and Management, 37 (6-8). 769-775. 10.1016/0196-8904(95)00254-5

Dollard, G.; Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Hjellbrekke, A-G.; Uhse, K.; Wallasch, M.. 1995 Ozone measurements in Europe. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 1949-1954. 10.1007/BF01186119

Sutton, M.A.; Place, C.J.; Eager, M.; Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.. 1995 Assessment of the magnitude of ammonia emissions in the United Kingdom. Atmospheric Environment, 29 (12). 1393-1411. 10.1016/1352-2310(95)00035-W

Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David. 1995 Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen compounds to heathlands. Aarhus Geoscience, 4. 61-71.

Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Fowler, D.; Grace, J.. 1995 Deposition of fixed atmospheric nitrogen and foliar nitrogen content of bryophytes and Calluna Vulgaris (L.) Hull. Environmental Pollution, 88 (2). 193-205. 10.1016/0269-7491(95)91444-P

Haygarth, Philip M.; Fowler, David; Stirup, Stefan; Davison, Brian M.; Jones, Kevin C.. 1995 Determination of gaseous particulate selenium over a rural grassland in the UK. Atmospheric Environment, 28 (22). 3655-3664. 10.1016/1352-2310(94)00196-R

Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Skiba, U.; Zahniser, M.S.; Moncrieff, J.B.; Beverland, I.J.; Gallagher, M.W.. 1995 Measurements of CH4 and N2O fluxes at the landscape scale using micrometeorological methods. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A, 351 (1696). 339-356.

Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; MacDonald, J.A.; Gardiner, B.. 1995 Methane and CO2 exchange over peatland and the effects of afforestation. Forestry, 68 (4). 327-334. 10.1093/forestry/68.4.327

Hargreaves, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 1995 Micrometeorological measurement of net summer carbon fluxes to northern wetlands and the potential effects of global warming. Annales Geophysicae, 13 (supplement II).

Inglis, D. W. F.; Choularton, T. W.; Wicks, A .J.; Fowler, D.; Leith, I.D.; Werkman, B.; Binnie, J.. 1995 Orographic enhancement of wet deposition in the United Kingdom: case studies and modelling. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2119-2124. 10.1007/BF01186147

Fowler, D.; Leith, I.D.; Binnie, J.; Crossley, A.; Inglis, D.W.F.; Choularton, T.W.; Gay, M.; Longhurst, J.W.S.; Conland, D.E.. 1995 Orographic enhancement of wet deposition in the United Kingdom: continuous monitoring. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2107-2112. 10.1007/BF01186145

Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Coyle, M.; Weston, K. J.; Davies, T. D.; Ashmore, M. R.; Brown, M.. 1995 Quantifying the fine scale (1km x 1km) exposure, dose and effects of ozone. Part 1 Methodology and application for effects on forests. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (3). 1479-1484. 10.1007/BF00477190

Brown, M.; Cox, R.; Bull, K. R.; Dyke, H.; Sanders, G.; Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Ashmore, M. R.. 1995 Quantifying the fine scale (1km × 1km) exposure, dose and effects of ozone: Part 2 estimating yield losses for agricultural crops. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (3). 1485-1490. 10.1007/BF00477191

Choularton, T.W.; Gallagher, M.W.; Bower, K.N.; Fowler, D.; Zahniser, M.; Kaye, A.. 1995 Trace gas flux measurements at the landscape scale using boundary-layer budgets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A, 351 (1696). 357-369. 10.1098/rsta.1995.0039

Downing, C E H; Vincent, K J; Campbell, G W; Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.. 1995 Trends in wet and dry deposition of sulphur in the United Kingdom. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (2). 659-664. 10.1007/BF00476904

Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.; Burkhardt, J. K.; Milford, C.. 1995 Vegetation atmosphere exchange of ammonia: canopy cycling and the impacts of elevated nitrogen impacts. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2057-2063. 10.1007/BF01186137

Fowler, D.; Mourne, R.; Branford, D.. 1995 The application of 210Pb inventories in soil to measure long-term average wet deposition of pollutants in complex terrain. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2113-2118. 10.1007/BF01186146

Nisbet, T.R.; Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.. 1995 An investigation of the impact of afforestation on stream-water chemistry in the Loch Dee catchment, SW Scotland. Environmental Pollution, 90 (1). 111-120. 10.1016/0269-7491(94)00081-N

Smith, R.I.; Anderson, C.W.; Fowler, D.. 1994 Critical levels of ozone over the UK - mapping aggregate exceedances over moderate to high thresholds. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 99 (4). 353-359.

Murray, M.B.; Smith, R.I.; Leith, I.D.; Fowler, D.; Lee, H.S.J.; Friend, A.D.; Jarvis, P.G.. 1994 Effects of elevated CO2, nutrition and climatic warming on bud phenology in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) and their impact of the risk of frost damage. Tree Physiology, 14 (7-9). 691-706. 10.1093/treephys/14.7-8-9.691

Skiba, Ute; Fowler, David; Smith, Keith. 1994 Emissions of NO and N2O from soils. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 31 (1-2). 153-158. 10.1007/BF00547191

Gallagher, MW; Choularton, TW; Bower, KN; Stromberg, IM; Beswick, KM; Fowler, D; Hargreaves, KJ. 1994 Measurements of methane fluxes on the landscape scale from a wetland area on north Scotland. Atmospheric Environment, 28 (15). 2421-2430. 10.1016/1352-2310(94)90394-8

Hargreaves, KJ; Skiba, Ute; Fowler, David; Arah, JRM; Wienhold, FG; Klemedtsson, L; Galle, B. 1994 Measurements of nitrous oxide emission from fertilised grassland using micrometeorological techniques. Journal of Geophysical Research Section D Atmospheres, 99 (D8). 16569-16574.

Smith, K.A.; Clayton, H.; Arah, J.R.M.; Christensen, S.; Ambus, P.; Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Skiba, U; Harris, G.W.; Wienhold, F.G.; Klemedtsson, L.; Galle, B.. 1994 Micrometeorological and chamber methods for measurement of nitrous oxide fluxes between soils and the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research Section D Atmospheres, 99 (D8). 16541-16548. 10.1029/94JD00619

Duyzer, J.; Fowler, D.. 1994 Modelling land atmosphere exchange of gaseous oxides of nitrogen in Europe. Tellus Series B, 46 (5). 353-373. 10.1034/j.1600-0889.1994.t01-3-00002.x

Colville, R.N.; Choularton, T.W.; Gallacher, M.W.; Wicks, A.J.; Downer, R.M.; Tyler, B.J.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Storeton-West, R.L.; Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Dollard, G.J.; Davies, T.J.; Jones, B.M.R.; Penkett, S. A.; Bandy, B. J.; Burgess, R .A.. 1994 Observation on Great Dun Fell of the pathways by which oxides of nitrgoen are converted to nitrate. Atmospheric Environment, 28 (3). 397-408. 10.1016/1352-2310(94)90119-8

Muller, H.; Kramm, G.; Meixner, F.; Dollard, G.J.; Fowler, D.; Pozzanzini, M.. 1993 Determination of HNO3 dry deposition by modified Bowen ratio and aerodynamic profile techniques. Tellus Series B, 45 (4). 346-367. 10.1034/j.1600-0889.45.issue4.1.x

Arah, J.R.M.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Skiba, U.; Clayton, H.; Fowler, D.; Smith, K.A.. 1993 Micrometeorological measurement of N20 flux (abstract). Soil Use and Managment, 9. 124.

Skiba, U.; Smith, K. A.; Fowler, D.. 1993 Nitrification and denitrification as sources of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide in a sandy loam soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 25 (11). 1527-1536. 10.1016/0038-0717(93)90007-X

Skiba, U.; Smith, K.A.; Fowler, D.. 1993 The effect of fertiliser on NO and N20 emission from a sandy loan soil. Soil Use and Management, 9. 124-125.

Sutton, M.A.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Fowler, D.. 1993 The exchange of ammonia between the atmosphere and plant communities. Advances in Ecological Research, 24. 310-393. 10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60045-8

Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.; Moncreiff, J.B.; Storeton-West, R.L.. 1993 The exchange of atmospheric ammonia with vegetated surfaces II: Fertilized vegetation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 119 (513). 1047-1070. 10.1002/qj.49711951310

Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.; Moncrieff, J.B.. 1993 The exchange of atmospheric ammonia with vegetated surfaces: unfertilized vegetation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 119 (513). 1023-1046. 10.1002/qj.49711951309

Cape, J.N.; Sheppard, Lucy; Fowler, David; Harrison, Anthony; Parkinson, J A; Dao, P; Paterson, I S. 1992 Contribution of canopy leaching to sulphate deposition in a Scots pine forest. Environmental Pollution, 75 (2). 229-236. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90044-B

Sutton, M.A.; Moncrieff, J B; Fowler, D.. 1992 Deposition of atmospheric ammonia to moorlands. Environmental Pollution, 75 (1). 15-24. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90051-B

Cape, Neil; Fowler, David. 1992 Editorial: Physical and Chemical Processes in Acidic Deposition 2. Networks, Models and Mechanisms. Environmental Pollution, 75 (2). 109-110. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90029-A

Fowler, David; Cape, Neil. 1992 Editorial: Physical and chemical processes in acidic deposition - 1 Trace Gases and Clouds. Environmental Pollution, 75 (1). 1-2. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90049-G

Skiba, U.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Fowler, D.; Smith, K.A.. 1992 Fluxes of nitric and nitrous oxides from agricultural soils in a cool temperate climate. Atmospheric Environment, 26A (14). 2477-2488. 10.1016/0960-1686(92)90100-Y

Gallagher, M W; Beswick, K; Choularton, T W; Coe, H; Fowler, David; Hargreaves, K J. 1992 Measurements and modelling of cloudwater deposition to moorland and forests. Environmental Pollution, 75 (1). 97-107. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90062-F

Cape, J.N.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Storeton-West, R.L.; Fowler, D.; Colville, R.N.; Choularton, T.W.; Gallagher, M.W.. 1992 Nitrite in orographic cloud as an indicator of nitrous acid in rural air. Atmospheric Environment, 26A (13). 2301-2307. 10.1016/0960-1686(92)90361-N

Dore, Anthony; Choularton, T W; Fowler, David. 1992 Orographic enhancement of snowfall. Environmental Pollution, 75 (2). 175-180. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90037-B

Livens, F.R.; Fowler, D.; Horrill, A.D.. 1992 Wet and dry deposition of 131I, 134Cs and 137Cs at an upland site in northern England. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 16 (3). 243-254. 10.1016/0265-931X(92)90003-C

Hargreaves, K J; Fowler, D.; Storeton-West, R.; Duyzer, J H. 1992 The exchange of nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and ozone between pasture and the atmosphere. Environmental Pollution, 75 (1). 53-59. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90056-G

Choularton, T W; Wicks, A J; Downer, R M; Gallagher, M W; Penkett, S A; Bandy, B J; Dollard, G J; Jones, BHR; Davies, T D; Gay, M J; Tyler, B J; Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Hargreaves, K J. 1992 A field study of the generation of nitrate in a hill cap cloud. Environmental Pollution, 75 (1). 69-73. 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90058-I

Dore, A J; Choularton, T W; Fowler, D.. 1992 An improved wet deposition map of the United Kingdom incorporating the seeder-feeder effect over mountainous terrain. Atmospheric Environment, 26A (8). 1375-1381. 10.1016/0960-1686(92)90122-2

Fowler, D.; Duyzer, J H; Baldocchi, D D. 1991 Inputs of trace gases, particles and cloud droplets to terrestrial surfaces. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Section B Biological Sciences, 97B. 35-39.

Beswick, K.M.; Hargreaves, K.; Gallagher, M.W.; Choularton, T.W.; Fowler, D. 1991 Size resolved measurements of cloud droplet deposition velocity to a forest using an eddy correlation technique. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 117 (499). 623-645. 10.1002/qj.49711749910

Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Murray, M. B.; Sheppard, L.; Eamus, D.; Wilson, R. H. F.. 1991 Sulphate and ammonium in mist impair the frost hardening of red spruce seedlings. New Phytologist, 118 (1). 119-126.

Thornley, J.H.M.; Fowler, D.; Cannell, M.G.R.. 1991 Terrestrial carbon storage resulting from CO2 and nitrogen fertilization in temperate grasslands. Plant Cell and Envronment, 14 (9). 1007-1011. 10.1111/j.1365-3040.1991.tb00972.x

Kramm, Gerhard; Muller, Hans; Fowler, David; Hofken, Klaus D.; Meixner, Franz X.; Schaller, Eberhard. 1991 A modified profile method for determining the vertical fluxes of NO, NO2, Ozone and HNO3 in the atmospheric surface layer. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 13 (3). 265-288. 10.1007/BF00058135

Dore, A.J.; Choularton, T.W.; Fowler, D.; Storeton-West, R.. 1990 Field measurements of wet deposition in an extended region of complex topography,. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 116 (495). 1193-1212. 10.1002/qj.49711649510

Fowler, D.; Morse, A.P.; Gallagher, M.W.; Choularton, T.W.. 1990 Measurements of cloud water deposition on vegetation using a lysimeter and a flux gradient technique. Tellus Series B, 42 (3). 285-293. 10.1034/j.1600-0889.1990.t01-1-00007.x

Eamus, D.; Fowler, D.. 1990 Photosynthetic and stomatal conductance responses to acid mist of red spruce seedlings. Plant Cell and Environment, 13 (4). 349-357. 10.1111/j.1365-3040.1990.tb02138.x

Deans, J.D.; Leith, I.D.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Murray, M.B.; Mason, P.A.. 1990 The influence of acid mists on growth, dry matter partitioning, nutrient concentrations and mycorrhizal fruiting bodies in red spruce seedlings,. New Phytologist, 115 (3). 459-464.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Unsworth, M.H.. 1989 Deposition of atmospheric pollutants on forests. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B) Biological Sciences, 324 (1223). 247-265.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Smith, R.I.; Sheppard, L.; Unsworth, M.H.. 1989 Effects of acid mist on the frost hardiness of red spruce seedlings. New Phytologist, 113 (3). 321-335.

Weston, K J; Kay, P J A; Fowler, David; Martin, A; Bower, J S. 1989 Mass budget studies of photochemical ozone production over the UK. Atmospheric Environment, 23 (6). 10.1016/0004-6981(89)90158-3

Murray, M. B.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.. 1989 Quantification of frost damage in plant tissues by rates of electrolyte leakage. New Phytologist, 113 (3). 307-311.

Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Sheppard, L.J.; Cape, J.N.; Deans, J.D.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.. 1989 Visible foliar injury of red spruce seedlings subjected to simulated acid mist. New Phytologist, 113 (3). 313 -320.

Eamus, Derek; Leith, Ian; Fowler, David. 1989 Water relations of red spruce seedlings treated with acid mist. Tree Physiology, 5 (3). 387-397. 10.1093/treephys/5.3.387

Eamus, D; Leith, I.; Fowler, D.. 1989 The influence of acid mist upon transpiration shoot water potential and pressure-volume curves of red spruce seedlings. Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 46 (supp). 577-580. 10.1051/forest:198905ART0131

Smith, Rognvald; Fowler, David; Cape, Neil. 1989 The statistics of phytotoxic air pollutants. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 152. 183-198.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Paterson, I.S.; Kinnaird, J.; Nicholson, I.A.. 1988 Effects of air filtration at small SO2 and NO2 concentrations on the yield of barley. Environmental Pollution, 53 (1-4). 135-149. 10.1016/0269-7491(88)90030-9

Gallagher, M.W.; Choularton, T.W.; Morse, A.P.; Fowler, D.. 1988 Measurements of the size dependence of cloud droplet deposition at a hill site. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 114 (483). 1291-1303. 10.1002/qj.49711448307

Leith, I.; Fowler, D.. 1988 Urban distribition of Rhytisma acerinum (Pers). Fries (tar spot) on sycamore. New Phytologist, 108 (2). 175-181.

Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Leith, Ian; Choularton, T W; Gay, M J; Jones, A. 1988 The influence of altitude on rainfall composition at Great Dun Fell. Atmospheric Environment, 22 (7). 1355-1362. 10.1016/0004-6981(88)90160-6

Choularton, T W; Gay, M J; Jones, A; Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Leith, Ian. 1988 The influence of altitude on wet deposition. Comparison between field measurements at Great Dun Fell and the predictions of a seeder-feeder model. Atmospheric Environment, 22 (7). 1363-1371. 10.1016/0004-6981(88)90161-8

Last, F.T.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.. 1986 Acid Rain or 'Pollution Climate'? Span, 29 (1). 2-4.

Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.. 1986 Rainfall acidity in Northern Britain - exploring the data. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 30 (1-2). 239-244. 10.1007/BF00305194

Crossley, A.; Fowler, D.. 1986 The weathering of Scots pine epicuticular wax in polluted and clean air. New Phytologist, 103 (1). 207-218.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.. 1985 Acid inputs from the atmosphere in the United Kingdom. Soil Use and Management, 1. 3-5. 10.1111/j.1475-2743.1985.tb00640.x

Fowler, David; Leith, Ian. 1985 Biophysical mechanisms in the update of air-pollutants. Staub Reinhaltung der Luft, 45. 253-256.

Unsworth, M H; Fowler, David. 1985 Deposition of sulphur in the UK. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 36 (4). 266-267. 10.1002/jsfa.2740360406

Cape, Neil; Fowler, David; Kinnaird, D; Paterson, I S; Leith, I D; Nicholson, I A. 1984 Chemical composition of rainfall and wet deposition over northern Britain. Atmospheric Environment, 18. 1921-1932. 10.1016/0004-6981(84)90369-X

Last, F.T.; Fowler, D.; Freer-Smith, P.H.. 1984 Die Postulate von Koch und ie Luftverschumtzung. Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt, 103. 28-48. 10.1007/BF02744213

Fowler, David; Cape, Neil. 1984 On the episodic nature of wet deposited sulphate and acidity. Atmospheric Environment, 18 (9). 1859-1866. 10.1016/0004-6981(84)90362-7

Fowler, D.. 1984 Transfer to terrestrial surfaces. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B) Biological Sciences, 305 (1124). 281-297.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.. 1984 The contamination of rain samples by dry deposition on rain collectors. Atmospheric Environment, 18 (1). 183-189. 10.1016/0004-6981(84)90241-5

Fowler, David; Leith, Ian; Paterson, I S; Kinnaird, J W; Nicholson, I A. 1982 Rainfall acidity in northern Britain. Nature, 297 (5865). 383-386. 10.1038/297383a0

Cape, Neil; Fowler, David. 1981 Changes in epicuticular wax of Pinus sylvestris exposed to polluted air. Silva Fennica, 15. 457-458.

Fowler, D.; Unsworth, M H. 1979 Turbulent transfer of sulphur dioxide to a wheat crop. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 105. 767-783.

Fowler, David. 1978 Dry deposition of SO2 on agricultural crops. Atmospheric Environment, 12. 369-373. 10.1016/0004-6981(78)90219-6

Fowler, David; Unsworth, M H. 1974 Dry deposition of sulphur dioxide on wheat. Nature, 249 (24 May 1974). 389-390. 10.1038/249389a0

Garland, J A; Clough, W S; Fowler, David. 1973 Deposition of sulphur dioxide on grass. Nature, 242 (23 March 1973). 256-257. 10.1038/242256a0

Publication - Book

Hector, Andy; Fowler, David; Nussbaum, Ruth; Weilenmann, Maja; Walsh, Rory, eds. 2011 Theme issue 'The future of South East Asian rainforests in a changing landscape and climate'. Royal Society Publishing. (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (B), 366 (1582)).

Burrows, John; Cox, Tony; Fowler, David; Granier, Claire; Isaaksen, Ivar; Monks, Paul. 2007 Volatile organic compounds in the polluted atmosphere: The 3rd ACCENT Barnsdale Expert Meeting. Urbino, ACCENT Secretariat, 230, 230pp.

Sutton, M.A.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Whitfield, C.P.; Leith, I.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; van Dijk, N.; Tang, S.; Skiba, U.; Smart, S.; Mitchell, R.; Wolsley, P.; James, P.; Purvis, W.; Fowler, D.. 2004 Bioindicator and biomonitoring methods for assessing the effects of atmospheric nitrogen on statutory nature conservation sites. Peterborough, JNCC, 230pp. (JNCC Report, 356).

Fowler, David; Dragosits, Ulrike; Pitcairn, Carole; Sutton, Mark; Hall, Jane; Roy, David; Weidemann, Anja. 2002 Deposition of acidity and nitrogen and exposure of terrestrial surfaces to ozone in Scotland: mapping critical loads, critical levels and exceedances. Scottish Natural Heritage, 38pp. (Research, Survey & Monitoring Report, 169).

Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Douglas, L., eds. 2001 Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 138pp.

Sutton, M. A.; Lee, D. S.; Dollard, G. J.; Fowler, D., eds. 1996 Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Penicuik, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 140pp.

Fowler, D.; Jenkinson, D.S.; Monteith, J.L.; Unsworth, M.H., eds. 1995 The exchange of trace gases between land and atmosphere: a discussion organized 12-13th July 1994. London, The Royal Society. (Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society of London: Physical Sciences & Engineering Series A, 351(1696)).

Unsworth, M. H.; Fowler, D., eds. 1988 Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 670pp. (NATO ASI Series C: Mathematical & Physical Science, 252).

Last, F. T.; Fowler, D.; Freer-Smith, P. H.. 1985 Effects of air pollutants on agricultural crops. Cambridge, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 28pp.

Publication - Book Section

Friedrich, Rainer; Reis, Stefan; Fowler, David; Amann, Markus; Volta, Luisa; Thunis, Philippe. 2013 Integrated assessment. In: Maione, Michela; Fuzzi, Sandro, (eds.) Research findings in support of the EU Air Quality Review. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 84-89.

Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Howard, Clare M.; Bealey, William J.; Nemitz, Eiko; Fowler, David; Bleeker, Albert; Hicks, Kevin W.; Beier, Claus; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus; de Vries, Wim; Oenema, Oene; Erisman, Jan Willem; Holland, Mike; Klimont, Zbigniew; Winiwarter, Wilfried; Amman, Marcus. 2013 Nitrogen. In: Maione, Michela; Fuzzi, Sandro, (eds.) Research findings in support of the EU Air Quality Review. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 57-70.

Cundill, A.; Bacon, J.; Dale, P.; Fordyce, F.M.; Fowler, D.; Hedmark, A.; Hern, A.; Skiba, U.. 2011 Contamination. In: Dobbie, K.E.; Bruneau, P.M.C.; Towers, W., (eds.) The state of Scotland's soil. SEPA, 45-71.

Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.; Leeson, S.; van Dijk, N.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Field, C. 2011 Nitrogen form makes a difference to the responses of a peatland to enhanced reactive nitrogen deposition [abstract]. In: Book of Abstracts: Joint Society of Wetland Scientists, WETPOL and Wetland Biogeochemistry Symposium. Guarant, p.289.

Hertel, Ole; Reis, Stefan; Skjoth, Carsten Ambelas; Bleeker, Albert; Harrison, Roy; Cape, John Neil; Fowler, David; Skiba, Ute; Simpson, David; Jickells, Tim; Baker, Alex; Kulmala, Markku; Gyldenkaerne, Steen; Sorensen, Lise Lotte; Erisman, Jan Willem. 2011 Nitrogen processes in the atmosphere. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Howard, Clare M.; Erisman, Jan Willem; Billen, Gilles; Bleeker, Albert; Grennfelt, Peringe; van Grinsven, Hans; Grizzetti, Bruna, (eds.) The European Nitrogen Assessment: Sources, Effects and Policy Perspectives. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 177-207.

Bleeker, Albert; Sutton, Mark A.; Acherman, Beat; Alebic-Juretic, Ana; Aneja, Viney P.; Ellermann, Thomas; Erisman, Jan Willem; Fowler, David; Fagerli, Hilde; Gauger, Thomas; Harlen, K.S.; Hole, Lars Robert; Horvath, Laszlo; Mitosinkova, Marta; Smith, Ron I.; Tang, Y. Sim; van Pul, Addo. 2009 Linking ammonia emission trends to measured concentrations and deposition of reduced nitrogen at different scales. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 123-180.

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Crossley, Alan; van Dijk, Netty; Cape, J. Neil; Fowler, David; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Long-term cumulative exposure exacerbates the effects of atmospheric ammonia on an ombrotrophic bog: implications for critical levels. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 49-58.

Sutton, Mark A.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Fowler, David. 2009 Potential for the further development and application of critical levels to assess the environmental impacts of ammonia. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 41-48.

Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Leith, Ian D.; van Dijk, Netty; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David. 2009 The application of transects to assess the effects of ammonia on woodland groundflora. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 59-69.

Fowler, David; Skiba, Ute; Moncrieff, John B.; Polson, Debbie. 2008 Greenhouse gas emissions, inventories and validation. In: Crichton, Karen; Audsley, Rebecca, (eds.) Land Management in a Changing Environment. SAC and SEPA Biennial Conference, SAC, 134-151.

Flechard, Chris R.; Fowler, David. 2008 Effects of changing temperature on leaf surface water-film chemistry and trace gas exchange processes over terrestrial vegetation. A contribution to ACCENT CCAQ Topic 2. In: Builtjes, Peter; Fowler, David; Feichter, Johann; Lewis, Alistair; Monks, Paul; Borrell, Peter, (eds.) The impact of climate change on air quality. ACCENT Secretariat, 155-161.

Fowler, David; Smith, Rognvald; Muller, Jennifer; Cape, John Neil; Sutton, Mark; Erisman, Jan Willem; Fagerli, Hilde. 2007 Long term trends in sulphur and nitrogen deposition in Europe and the cause of non-linearities. In: Brimblecombe et al, Peter, (ed.) Acid rain - deposition to recovery. Dordrecht, Springer, 41-47.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Muller, J.; Coyle, M.; Sutton, M. A.; Smith, R.; Jeffree, C.. 2006 Atmospheric composition and the phylloshpere: the role of foliar surfaces in regulating biogeochemical cycles. In: Bailey, M. J. et al, (ed.) Microbial ecology of aerial plant surfaces. Wallingford, CABI, 305-315.

Sutton, M.A.; Nemitz, E.; Erisman, J.W.; Beier, C.; Butterbach Bahl, K.; Cellier, P.; de Vries, W.; Cotrufo, F.; Skiba, U.; Hensen, A.; Bleeker, A.; Laville, P.; Loubet, B.; Soussana, J.F.; Twigg, M.; Famulari, D.; Whitehead, J.; Gallagher, M.W.; Calanca, P.L.; Tang, Y.S.; Campbell, C.L.; Olesen, J.E.; Dragosits, U.; Theobald, M.R.; Viovy, N.; Vuichard, N.; Smith, J.U.; Smith, P.; Levy, P.; Mobbs, D.C.; Milne, R.; Fowler, D.. 2006 Land atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species in Europe. In: Fuzzi, S.; Maione, M., (eds.) The changing chemical climate of the atmosphere. ARACNE Editrice S.r.l., 94-101.

Fowler, David; Coyle, Mhairi; Muller, Jennifer; Battarbee, Rick. 2005 The future chemical climate of the UK uplands. In: Battarbee, R.W.; Curtis, C.J.; Binney, H.A., (eds.) The future of Britain's upland waters. London, Ensis Publishing, 12-16.

Choubedar, F.; Branford, D.; Weston, K. J.; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.; Goulding, K.. 2001 Direct measurements of the long-term enhancement of aerosol deposition onto woodland using a 210Pb tracer method. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 80-83.

Dorsey, J. R.; Nemitz, E.; Gallagher, M. W.; Bower, K. N.; Williams, P. I.; Fowler, D.. 2001 Eddy correlation measurements of uban aerosol fluxes. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 84-86.

Sutton, M. A.; Milford, C.; Nemitz, E.; Theobald, M. R.; Hill, P. W.; Fowler, D.; Schjorring, J. K.; Mattsson, M. E.; Nielson, K. H.; Erisman, J. W.; Otjes, R.; Hensen, A.; Mosquera, J.; Cellier, P.; Loubet, B.; David, M.; Genermont, S.; Neftel, A.; Blatter, A.; Herrmann, B.; Jones, S. K.; Horvath, L.; Weidinger, T.; Meszaros, R.; Raso, J.; Mantzanas, C.; Koukoura, Z.; Gallagher, M.; Flynn, M.; Riedo, M.. 2001 Exchange of atmospheric ammonia with European grasslands. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 42-47.

Coyle, M.; Fowler, D.; Storeton-West, R.. 2001 Ozone deposition at a polluted site in the English Midlands. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 58-60.

Tang, Y. S.; Dragosits, U.; Theobald, M. R.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2001 Sub-grid variability in ammonia concentrations and dry deposition in an upland landscape. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 48-57.

Storeton-West, R. L.; Fowler, D.; Leith, I. D.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Murray, T. D.. 2001 Trends in ozone, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides at a semi-rural site in south east Scotland. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 9-12.

Leith, I. D.; Fowler, D.; Reynolds, B.; Dore, A. J.; Choularton, T. W.; Mousavi, M.; Lowe, J. A. H.; Norris, D.; Rossall, M. J.. 2001 Validation experiments for wet deposition estimates at 5km x 5km in complex topography. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 99-102.

Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Leith, I.D.; Crossley, A.; Mourne, R.W.; Branford, D.W.; Moghaddam, M.. 1998 Quantifying fine-scale variability in pollutant deposition in complex terrain using 210Pb inventories in soil. In: Wieder, R. Kelman; Novak, Martin; Cerny, Jiri, (eds.) Biogeochemical investigations at the watershed, landscape and regional scales. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer, 459-470.

Nemitz, Eiko; Sutton, Mark; Fowler, David; Choularton, Tom. 1996 Application of a NH3 gas-to-particle conversion model to measurement data. In: Sutton, M. A.; Lee, D. S.; Dollard, G. J.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Edinburgh, ITE, 98-103.

Pitcairn, Carole; Leith, I.D.; Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.; Binnie, J.; Munro, R.; Sheppard, L.J.; Rossall, M.R. 1996 Effects and dispersion of ammonia from poultry farms surrounded by woodland [abstract]. In: Abstracts CAPER '96. Institute of Grassland & Environmental Research, 15. (Unpublished)

Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Binnie, J.; Munro, R. C.; Sheppard, L. J.; Rossall, M. J.. 1996 Effects of ammonia on forest ground flora in the vicinity of a poultry farm. In: Sutton, M. A.; Lee, D. S.; Dollard, G. J.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Edinburgh, ITE, 128.

Dragosits, U.; Sutton, M. A.; Place, C. J.. 1996 The spatial distribution of ammonia emissions in Great Britain for 1969 and 1988 assessed using GIS techniques. In: Sutton, M. A.; Lee, D. S.; Dollard, G. J.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Edinburgh, ITE, 46-49.

Fowler, D.. 1995 Atmospheric inputs of nitrogen. In: Hornung, M.; Sutton, M.A.; Wilson, R.B., (eds.) Mapping and modelling of critical loads for nitrogen - a workshop report. Edinburgh, NERC Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 128-141.

Cape, J.N.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.. 1994 The Influence of ozone chemistry and meteorology on plant-exposure to oxidants. In: Crawford, R.M.M.; Hendry, G.A.F.; Goodman, B.A., (eds.) Oxygen and environmental stress in plants. Royal Society of Edinburgh, 11-31. (Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (B), 102).

Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Weston, K. 1994 Quantifying the spatial distribution of surface ozone exposure at the 1km x 1km scale. In: Fuhrer, J.; Achermann, B., (eds.) Critical levels for ozone. Bern, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Hygiene, 196-205. (Schriftenreihe de FAC no.16). (Unpublished)

Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.. 1994 A canopy model for inferring bi-directional plant-atmosphere exchange of ammonia. In: Angeletti, G.; Restelli, G., (eds.) Physico-chemical behaviour of atmospheric pollutants: proceedings of the 6th European Symposium vol.1. Brussels, European Commission, 601-608. (CEC Air Pollution Report, 50).

Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.. 1993 Estimating the relative contribution of SOx, NOy and NHx inputs to effects of atmospheric deposition. In: Hornung, M.; Skeffington, R. A., (eds.) Critical loads: concept and applications. London, HMSO, 119-126. (ITE Symposium, 28).

Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Eamus, D.; Murray, M.G.; Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.. 1990 Effects of acid mist and ozone on frost hardiness of Norway spruce seedlings. In: Payer, H.D.; Pfirrmann, T.; Mathy, P., (eds.) Environmental research with Plants in Closed Chambers. Brussels, Commission of the European Communities, 331-335. (CEC Air Pollution Research Report, 26).

Cape, J.N.. 1988 Chemical interactions between cloud droplets and trees. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 639-649. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).

Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D.. 1988 Deposition of pollutants on plants and soils: principles and pathways. In: Mathy, P., (ed.) Air pollution and ecosystems. Dordrecht, Reidel, 68-84. (Air Pollution Report Series, 7).

Crossley, A.. 1988 Particles in orographic cloud and the indications of their transport to plant surfaces. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 453-464. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).

Milne, R.; Crossley, A.; Unsworth, M.H.. 1988 Physics of cloudwater deposition and evaporation at Castlelaw, S.E.Scotland. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 299-307. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Choularton, T.W.; Gay, M.J.; Jones, A.. 1988 Wet deposition and altitude, the role of orographic cloud. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 231-257. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).

Cape, J.N.; Sheppard, L.; Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Deans, J.D.; Fowler, D.. 1988 The effect of acid mist on the frost hardiness of red spruce seedlings. In: Environmental aspects of applied biology. Wellesbourne, Association of Applied Biologists, 141-149. (Aspects of Applied Biology, 17).

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Leith, I. D.; Patterson, I. S.. 1986 Acid deposition in Cumbria. In: Ineson, P., (ed.) Pollution in Cumbria. Abbotts Ripton, NERC/ITE, 7-10. (ITE Symposium, 16).

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.. 1982 Air pollutants in agriculture and horticulture. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Ormrod, D.P., (eds.) Effects of gaseous air pollution in agriculture and horticulture. London, Butterworth Scientific, 3-26.

Fowler, D.. 1981 Dry deposition of airborne pollutants on forests. In: Last, F.T.; Gardiner, A.S., (eds.) Forest and woodland ecology: an account of research being done in ITE. Cambridge, NERC/Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 62-65. (ITE Symposium, 8).

Fowler, D.. 1980 Wet and dry deposition of sulphur and nitrogen compounds from the atmosphere. In: Hutchinson, T.C.; Havas, M., (eds.) Effects of acid precipitation on terrestrial ecosystems. New York, Plenum, 9-27. (NATO Conference Series I: Ecology, 4).

Publication - Conference Item

Helfter, Carole; Coyle, Mhairi; Phillips, Gavin; Siong, Jambery; Skiba, Ute; Fowler, David; Nemitz, Eiko. 2009 Measurements of turbulence, heat fluxes and greenhouse gas fluxes above tropical rain forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. [Poster] In: Asiaflux annual workshop, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Japan, 27-29 October 2009.

Phillips, G.J.; Nemitz, E.; Thomas, R.; Famulari, D.; Williams, P.; Allan, J.; Di Marco, C.; Coe, H.; Harrison, R.M.; Fowler, D.. 2009 Chemically-speciated aerosol fluxes above three UK cities. [Speech] In: European Aerosol Conference, Karlsruhe, 6-11 Sept 2009. Karlsruhe, Germany, T130A02.

Helfter, C.; Coyle, M.; Di Marco, C. F.; Phillips, G. J; Siong, J.; Skiba, U. M; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.. 2009 Greenhouse gas emission in SE Asia: contrasts between an oil palm plantation and a primary forest. [Poster] In: APPRAISE annual science meeting, Manchester Conference Centre, Manchester, UK., 29-30 September 2009.

Nemitz, E.; Phillips, G. J.; Thomas, R.; Di Marco, C. F.; Tang, Y.; Coe, H.; Allan, J.; Harrison, R. M.; Fowler, D.. 2009 Nitrate dynamics in UK urban environments. [Other] In: European Aerosol Conference 2009, Karlsruhe, Germany, 6-11 September 2009. Abstract T130A10, Association for Aerosol Research.

Misztal, P.K.; Langford, B.; Cape, J.N.; Nemitz, E.; Helfter, C.; Di Marco, C.; Phillips, G.; Owen, s.; Davison, B.; Heal, M.R.; Hewitt, C.N.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Biogenic VOC emissions from rainforest and oil palm plantations in South East Asia (contribution to OP3 and ACES projects). [Poster] In: NCAS Atmospheric Science Conference, Bristol, UK, 8 - 10 Dec 2009. (Unpublished)

Cape, J. Neil; Jones, Matthew R.; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; van Dijk, Netty; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David. 2008 Concentration-dependent deposition velocities for ammonia: moving from lab to field. [Poster] In: European Geophysical Union, Vienna, 2008. (Unpublished)

Cape, J. Neil. 2008 Scaling issues, with particular reference to biogenic VOC emissions. In: The Impact of Climate Change on Air Quality. The 4th ACCENT Barnsdale Expert Workshop, Barnsdale Hall Hotel, Rutland, Cambridgeshire, UK, 5-7 Nov 2007. Urbino, Italy, ACCENT Secretariat, 144-148.

Nemitz, E.; Thomas, R.; Phillips, G.; Famulari, D.; Fowler, D.. 2007 Chemically resolved aerosol emission fluxes above six urban areas. In: American Association for Aerosol Research Annual Meeting 2007, Reno, 24-28 Sept 2007. American Association for Aerosol Research.

Twigg, M.; Thomas, R.; House, E.; Whitehead, J.; Gallagher, M.; Rippey, B.; Heal, M.; Phillips, G.; Famulari, D.; Cape, N.; Sutton, M.; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.. 2007 Fluxes of trace gases and aerosols following cattle slurry application to managed grassland. [Poster] In: 2nd ACCENT Symposium, Urbino, Italy, 2007. ACCENT Secretariat.

Famulari, Daniela; Storeton-West, Robert L; Nemitz, Eiko; Tang, Y Sim; Hargreaves, Kenneth J; Weston, Keith; Sutton, Mark A; Fowler, David. 2007 Long-term measurements of NH3 and SO2 fluxes at three contrasting grasslands by time averaged gradients (TAG). [Poster] In: 2nd ACCENT Symposium, Urbino, 23 July 2007. (Unpublished)

Coyle, M.; Altimir, N.; Gruenhage, L.; Gerosa, G.; Tuovinen, J.; Loubet, B.; Ammann, C.; Cieslik, S.; Paoletti, E.; Fowler, D.; Mikkleson, T.; Ro-Poulsen, H.; Cellier, P.. 2007 Non-stomatal ozone deposition to vegetation: new insights and models. [Poster] In: 2nd ACCENT Symposium. Atmospheric Composition Change: causes and consequences, local to global, Urbino, Italy, 23-26 July 2007. 20.

Cape, J.N.; Tang, Y.S.; Smith, R.I.; Sutton, M.A.; Nemitz, E.; Famulari, D.; Fowler, D.. 2006 Atmospheric and depositional nitrogen monitoring. [Other] In: Fixed on Nitrogen. CASA Science Symposium on Nitrogen, Alberta, Canada, 27-29 September 2006. CASA Clean Air Strategic Alliance.

Coyle, M.; Fowler, D.; Nemitz, E.; Storeton-West, R.. 2006 Measuring and modelling stomatal ozone fluxes over grassland and quantifying the non-stomatal sink. In: 1st iLEAPS Science Conference, Boulder Colorado, 21-26 January 2006. Finnish Association for Aerosol Research, 235-236.

Fowler, D.; Cannell, M.G.R.. 1989 Acidic cloud-water damages and inhibits the frost hardening of red spruce seedlings. In: Air Pollution and Winter Injury of Red Spruce, ITE Edinburgh, April 1989. 63-69. (Unpublished)

Publication - Report

Fowler, David; Brunekreef, Bert; Fuzzi, Sandro; Monks, Paul S.; Sutton, Mark A.; Brasseur, Guy P.; Friedrich, Rainer; Passante, Lara G.; Jimenez Mingo, José M.. 2013 Research findings in support of the EU Air Quality Review. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 108pp. (UNSPECIFIED)

Malcolm, Heath; Fowler, David; Crossley, Alan; Kentisbeer, John; Hallsworth, Steve; Lawlor, Alan; Rowland, Phil; Guyatt, Hayley; Beith, Sarah; Thacker, Sarah; Halford, Alan; Rogers, Stuart; Cape, J. Neil; Leeson, Sarah; Harmens, Harry; Nemitz, Eiko; Leaver, David; Sleep, Darren; Woods, Clive; Hockenhull, Kathryn; Simmons, Ivan; van Dijk, Netty; Leith, Ian; Taylor, Michelle; McDonald, Alan. 2012 Heavy metal deposition mapping: concentrations and deposition of heavy metals in rural areas of the UK. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 105pp. (CEH Project Number: C03073, Defra Project Code: AQ0716) (Unpublished)

Malcolm, Heath; Fowler, David; Kentisbeer, John; Hallsworth, Steve; Lawlor, Alan; Rowland, Phil; Guyatt, Hayley; Thacker, Sarah; Halford, Alan; Rogers, Stuart; Cape, J. Neil; Sleep, Darren; Woods, Clive. 2012 Heavy metal deposition mapping: concentrations and deposition of heavy metals in rural areas of the UK: SID4 interim report covering the period October 2011 – December 2011. Interim report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 19pp. (CEH Project Number: C03073) (Unpublished)

Malcolm, Heath; Fowler, David; Kentisbeer, John; Hallsworth, Steve; Lawlor, Alan; Rowland, Phil; Guyatt, Hayley; Thacker, Sarah; Halford, Alan; Rogers, Stuart; Cape, J. Neil; Sleep, Darren; Woods, Clive. 2011 Heavy Metal Deposition Mapping: Concentrations and Deposition of Heavy Metals in Rural Areas of the UK: Annex to SID4 Interim Report Covering the Period January 2010 – July 2011. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 74pp. (CEH Project Number: C03073, Defra Project Code AQ0716) (Unpublished)

Conolly, C.; Lawrence, H.; Vincent, K.; Donovan, B.; Davies, M.; Colbeck, C.; Cape, J.N.; Tang, Y.S.; Bealey, W.J.; Leaver, D.; Poskitt, J.; Beith, S.; Thacker, S.; Hockenhull, K.; Woods, C.; Simmons, I.; Braban, C.F.; van Dyke, N.; Rowland, P.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M.A.. 2011 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants (UKEAP) Annual Report 2010. AEA Technology and NERC/Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 33pp. (CEH Project Number: C03645)

Cape, J.N.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.; Beswick, K.; Choularton, T.. 2010 Long-term monitoring of cloud chemical composition in the UK and implications for estimating wet deposition. Edinburgh, NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 31pp. (CEH Project No: C03789) (Submitted)

Braban, C.F.; Lawrence, H.; Tang, Y.S.; Fowler, D.; Vincent, K.; Sutton, M.A.; Cape, J.N.; Smith, R.I.; Stedman, J.; Bealey, W.J.; Leaver, D.; Donovan, B.. 2009 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants network (UKEAP). Review for Defra. Defra. (CEH Project Number: C03645)

Braban, Christine; Tang, Sim; van Dijk, Netty; Anderson-Dunn, Margaret; Simmons, Ivan; Storeton-West, Robert; Leaver, David; Bealey, Bill; Sutton, Mark; Cape, Neil; Fowler, David; Lawrence, Helen; Davies, Martin; Ritchie, Stuart; Colbeck, Chris; Vincent, Keith; Donovan, Brian. 2009 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants (UKEAP). Annual/Interim Project Report for Period 01/01/09-31/03/09. Defra, 7pp. (CEH Project Number: C03645, AQ0616)

Tang, Y.S.; van Dijk, N.; Anderson, M.; Simmons, I.; Armas-Sanchez, E.; Lawrence, H.; Smith, R.I.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M.A.. 2008 Monitoring of nitric acid, particulate nitrate and other species in the UK-2007. Annual Report to Netcen/Defra. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 53pp. (CEH Project Number: C03092) (Unpublished)

Builtjes, Peter; Fowler, David; Feichter, Johann; Lewis, Alastair; Monks, Paul; Borrell, Peter. 2008 The Impact of Climate Change on Air Quality: the 4th ACCENT Barnsdale Expert Workshop. Urbino, Italy, ACCENT, 101pp. (UNSPECIFIED)

Emmett, B.; Ashmore, M.; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Bullock, J.; Cape, N.; Caporn, S. J. M.; Carroll, J. A.; Cooper, J. R.; Cresser, M. S.; Crossley, A.; d'Hooghe, P.; De Lange, I.; Edmondson, J.; Evans, C. D.; Field, C.; Fowler, D.; Grant, H.; Green, E.; Griffiths, B.; Haworth, B.; Helliwell, R.; Hicks, K.; Hinton, C.; Holding, H.; Hughes, S.; James, M.; Jones, A.; Jones, M.; Jones, M. L. M.; Leake, J.; Leith, I.; Maskell, L.; McNamara, N.; Moy, I.; Oakley, S.; Ostle, N.; Pilkington, M.; Power, S.; Prendergast, M.; Ray, N.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Roy, D.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Sutton, M.; Terry, A.; Tipping, E.; van den Berg, L.; van Dijk, N.; van Zetten, E.; Vanguelova, E.; Williams, B.; Williams, D.; Williams, W.. 2007 Terrestrial Umbrella: effects of eutrophication and acidification on terrestrial ecosystems. Final report. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 288pp. (CEH Project Number: C02613, Defra Contract No. CPEA 18)

Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Smith, Ron; Nemitz, Eiko; Sutton, Mark; Dore, Tony; Coyle, Mhairi; Crossley, Alan; Storeton-West, Robert; Muller, Jennifer; Phillips, Gavin; Thomas, Rick; Vieno, Massimo; Yang, Sim; Famulari, Daniela; Twigg, Marsailidh; Bealey, Bill; Benham, David; Hayman, Garry; Lawrence, Helen; Vincent, Keith; Fagerli, Hilde; Simpson, David. 2007 Acid Deposition Processes. Final report to Defra. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 110pp. (CEH Project Number: C02379, RMP 2258) (Unpublished)

Emmett, B. A.; Williams, B. L.; Ashmore, M.; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Bullock, J.; Cape, J. N.; Caporn, S. J. M.; Carroll, J. A.; Cresser, M. S.; Crossley, A. C.; de Lange, I.; Edmondson, J.; Evans, C.; Fowler, D.; Grant, H.; Green, E. R.; Green, S.; Griffiths, B.; Hall, J.; Helliwell, R.; Hinton, C.; Hughes, S.; Jones, A. G.; Jones, M.; Leake, J. R.; Leith, I. D.; Maskell, L.; McNamara, N.; Moy, I.; Oakley, S.; Ostle, N.; Power, S. A.; Prendergast, M.; Price, E. A. C.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Roy, D.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Sutton, M. A.; Thacker, S. A.; Tipping, E.; van Dijk, N.; Vanguelova, E.; van Zetten, E.; Williams, D.; Wilson, D.; Wright, S.. 2006 Terrestrial Umbrella Annual Report. July 2006. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 143pp. (Contract No CPEA 18) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; McDonald, A.G.; Crossley, A.; Nemitz, E.; Leaver, D.; Cape, J.N.; Smith, R.I.; Anderson, D.; Rowland, P.; Ainsworth, G.; Lawlor, A.J.; Guyatt, H.; Harmens, H.. 2006 UK Heavy Metal Monitoring Network. NERC/Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 120pp. (CEH Project Number: C02164, Report Number: AS 06/07) (Unpublished)

Bey, I; Builtjes, P; Fowler, David; Jennings, G; Monks, P; O'Dowd, C; Stevenson, D. 2006 Answers to the Urbino Questions: ACCENT's first policy driven synthesis. ACCENT, 20pp. (ACCENT Series, 5.2006)

Coyle, M.; Mills, G.; Fowler, D.; Barnes, J.; Ashmore, M.; Davies, W.. 2006 Ozone Umbrella: Effects of ground-level ozone on (upland) vegetation in the UK. Final report. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. (CEH Project Number: C02158, Report No. AS 06/02) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Derwent, R.; Hayman, G.; Harrison, R.; Laxen, D.; Loader, A.; Moorcroft, S.; Stedman, J.; Sutton, M.. 2006 A review of the UK urban network for measurement of Black Smoke, SO2 and NO2: Summary Report. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 5pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Van Oijen, Marcel; Buker, Patrick; Coyle, Mhairi; Fowler, David; Hargreaves, Ken; Hayes, Felicity; Levy, Peter; Mills, Gina; Murray, Maureen. 2003 O3Grassland: a CEH-integrating fund project 2001-2003. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 60pp. (CEH Project C01756)

Sheppard, L.J.; Crossley, A.; Ingleby, K.; Cape, J.N.; Blackhall, T.; Fowler, D.; Kennedy, V.. 2003 The effects of polluted cloud water on a Sitka spruce plantation (Deepsyke). Phase II: potential for recovery. Interim Report. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 12pp. (CEH Project Number: C01837) (Unpublished)

Pitcairn, Carole; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Skiba, Ute; van Dijk, Netty; Fowler, David; Wolseley, Pat; James, Peter; Sutton, Mark. 2002 Biomonitoring tools for assessing effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on statutory nature conservation sites - interim report. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 18pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Coyle, Mhairi; Fowler, David; Hargreaves, Ken; Nemitz, Eiko; Storeton-West, Robert. 2001 Comparison of Measurements of Ozone Dry Deposition to Crops and Grassland with the Dry Deposition Model Results. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. (CEH Project no.C01700)

Hall, Jane; Ullyett, Jackie; Hornung, Mike; Kennedy, Fiona; Reynolds, Brian; Curtis, Chris; Langan, Simon; Fowler, David. 2001 Status of UK critical loads and exceedances part 1 - critical loads and critical load maps. Update to January 1998 Report. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D., ed. 2000 CAPER 2000. Meeting of the Committee for Air Pollution Effects Research (CAPER). Book of abstracts. Edinburgh, UK, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Flechard, C.; Storeton-West, R.; Smith, R. I.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Campbell, G.; Stedman, J.; Downing, C.; Vincent, K.. 1997 Monitoring concentrations and dry deposition of sulphur dioxide in the United Kingdom. Final report. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 36pp. (CEH Project Number: T07057n1) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Flechard, C.; Storeton-West, R.; Smith, R. I.; Campbell, G.; Stedman, J.; Downing, C.; Vincent, K.. 1997 Monitoring concentrations and dry deposition of sulphur dioxide in the United Kingdom. Outline of the contract report to the Department of the Environment. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 9pp. (CEH Project Number: T07057n1) (Unpublished)

Bourgeois, C.; Fowler, D.. 1993 The emission of methane from peat wetlands. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 20pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Hargreaves, K. J.; Fowler, D.. 1992 The emission of methane from UK wetlands. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 15pp. (TFS Project no. T07057d2) (Unpublished)

Bull, K.; Campbell, G. W.; Chadwick, M. J.; Cresser, M. S.; Fowler, D.; Hall, J.; Hornung, M.; Irwin, J. G.; Jones, R. J. A.; Kuylenstierna, J. C. I.; Langan, S. J.; Loveland, P. J.; Wilson, M. J.. 1991 Critical loads maps for the United Kingdom I. Soils. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 24pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.. 1991 Deposition of nitrogen oxides to the North Sea. Interim Report. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 13pp. (TFS Project T07057k5) (Unpublished)

Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Moncrieff, J. B.. 1991 The surface/atmosphere exchange of gaseous ammonia. Final Report. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 34pp. (Special topic in atmospheric chemistry, phase 11) (Unpublished)

Fowler, David. 1990 Air pollution effects research using open-top chamber studies at ITE Edinburgh. Interim report. October 1990. NERC/Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 23pp. (ITE Project Number: T07059) (Unpublished)

Fowler, David; Kay, Pauline; Storeton-West, Robert. 1990 Monitoring of nitrogen oxides and ozone in Scotland, and analysis of past UK data. Final report to the Department of the Environment May 1990. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 16pp. (TFS Project no. T07057c1) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.. 1989 DoE Umbrella Contract - Summary Report 1989. 1. Surface-Atmosphere exchange of NO, NO2, O3, NH3; 2. Open-top chamber studies of O3 and acid effects on Norway Spruce and Beech. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 78pp. (TFS Project no. T07059b1) (Unpublished)

Fowler, David; Kay, Pauline; Storeton-West, Robert. 1988 Ozone and NO2 monitoring in southern Scotland, Annual report to the Department of the Environment. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 14pp. (TFS Project no. T07001e1) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Paterson, I. S.; Leith, I. D.. 1987 Open-top chamber study: the influence of ambient concentrations of air pollutants on agricultural crops in the UK. Final report. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 89pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Choularton, T. W.; Eggleton, A. E. J.. 1986 The effect of altitude and occult precipitation on acid deposition at Great Dun Fell, Cumbria. Interim report to the Department of the Environment. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 21pp. (ITE 0925) (Unpublished)

Impact (Summary)

Fowler, David; Sutton, Mark. 2013 Leaking ammonia leading to biodiversity loss and health risks. [Impact (Summary)]

Fowler, David. 2012 UK environment improves as chemical climate responds to air pollution policies. [Impact (Summary)]

This list was generated on Mon Sep 1 21:20:32 2014 BST.