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Items where NERC Author is "Leith, Ian"

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Publication - Article

Kentisbeer, J.; Leeson, S.R.; Malcolm, H.M.; Leith, I.D.; Braban, C.F.; Cape, J.N.. 2014 Patterns and source analysis for atmospheric mercury at Auchencorth Moss, Scotland. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 16 (5). 1112-1123. 10.1039/c3em00700f

Munzi, S.; Cruz, C.; Branquinho, C.; Pinho, P.; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy. 2014 Can ammonia tolerance amongst lichen functional groups be explained by physiological responses? Environmental Pollution, 187. 206-209. 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.01.009

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Mizunuma, Toshie; Leeson, Sarah; Kivimaki, Sanna; Cape, J. Neil; van Dijk, Netty; Leaver, David; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; van den Berg, Leon J.L.; Crossley, Alan; Field, Chris; Smart, Simon. 2014 Inertia in an ombrotrophic bog ecosystem in response to 9 years' realistic perturbation by wet deposition of nitrogen, separated by form. Global Change Biology, 20 (2). 566-580. 10.1111/gcb.12357

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Leeson, Sarah; Mizunuma, Toshie; Bakker, Robin; Elustondo, David; Garcia-Gomez, Hector. 2013 PK additions modify the effects of N dose and form on species composition, species litter chemistry and peat chemistry in a Scottish peatland. Biogeochemistry, 116 (1-3). 39-53. 10.1007/s10533-013-9880-y

Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.; Leeson, S.R.; van Dijk, N.; Field, C.; Levy, P.. 2013 Fate of N in a peatland, Whim bog: immobilisation in the vegetation and peat, leakage into pore water and losses as N2O depend on the form of N. Biogeosciences, 10 (1). 149-160. 10.5194/bg-10-149-2013

Payne, Richard J.; Jassey, Vincent E.J.; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Dise, Nancy B.; Gilbert, Daniel. 2013 Ammonia exposure promotes algal biomass in an ombrotrophic peatland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57. 936-938. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.09.012

Kivimäki, Sanna K.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Grace, John. 2013 Long-term enhanced nitrogen deposition increases ecosystem respiration and carbon loss from a Sphagnum bog in the Scottish Borders. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 90. 53-61. 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.09.003

Millett, Jonathan; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Newton, Jason. 2012 Response of Sphagnum papillosum and Drosera rotundifolia to reduced and oxidised wet nitrogen deposition. Folia Geobotanica, 47 (2). 179-191. 10.1007/s12224-011-9114-9

Limpens, J.; Granath, G.; Aerts, R.; Heijmans, M.M.P.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; Bragazza, L.; Williams, B.L.; Rydin, H.; Bubier, J.; Moore, T.; Rochefort, L.; Mitchell, E.A.D.; Buttler, A.; van den Berg, L.J.L.; Gunnarsson, U.; Francez, A.-J.; Gerdol, R.; Thormann, M.; Grosvernier, P.; Wiedermann, M.M.; Nilsson, M.B.; Hoosbeek, M.R.; Bayley, S.; Nordbakken, J.-F.; Paulissen, M.P.C.P.; Hotes, S.; Breeuwer, A.; Ilomets, M.; Tomassen, H.B.M.; Leith, I.; Xu, B.. 2012 Glasshouse vs field experiments: do they yield ecologically similar results for assessing N impacts on peat mosses? New Phytologist, 195 (2). 408-418. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04157.x

Phoenix, Gareth K.; Emmett, Bridget A.; Britton, Andrea J.; Caporn, Simon J.M.; Dise, Nancy B; Helliwell, Rachel; Jones, Laurence; Leake, Jonathan R.; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Sowerby, Alwyn; Pilkington, Michael G.; Rowe, Edwin C.; Ashmore, Mike R; Power, Sally A.. 2012 Impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition: responses of multiple plant and soil parameters across contrasting ecosystems in long-term field experiments. Global Change Biology, 18 (4). 1197-1215. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02590.x

Carter, M.S.; Larsen, K.S.; Emmett, B.; Estiarte, M.; Field, C.; Leith, I.D.; Lund, M.; Meijide, A.; Mills, R.T.E.; Niinemets, Ü.; Peñuelas, J.; Portillo-Estrada, M.; Schmidt, I.K.; Selsted, M.B.; Sheppard, L.J.; Sowerby, A.; Tietema, A.; Beier, C.. 2012 Synthesizing greenhouse gas fluxes across nine European peatlands and shrublands: responses to climatic and environmental changes. Biogeosciences, 9 (10). 3739-3755. 10.5194/bg-9-3739-2012

Limpens, J; Granath, G.; Gunnarsson, U.; Aerts, R.; Bayley, S.; Bragazza, L.; Bubier, J.; Buttler, A.; van den Berg, L.J.L.; Francez, A.-J.; Gerdol, R.; Grosvernier, P.; Heijmans, M.M.P.D.; Hoosbeek, M.R.; Hotes, S.; Ilomets, M.; Leith, I.; Mitchell, E.A.D.; Moore, T.; Nilsson, M.B.; Nordbakken, J.-F.; Rochefort, L.; Rydin, H.; Sheppard, L.J.; Thormann, M.; Wiedermann, M.M.; Williams, B.L.; Xu, B.. 2011 Climatic modifiers of the response to nitrogen deposition in peat-forming Sphagnum mosses: a meta-analysis. New Phytologist, 191 (2). 496-507. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03680.x

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Mizunuma, Toshie; Cape, John Neil; Crossley, Alan; Leeson, Sarah; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; van Dijk, Netty. 2011 Dry deposition of ammonia gas drives species change faster than wet deposition of ammonium ions: evidence from a long-term field manipulation. Global Change Biology, 17 (12). 3589-3607. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02478.x

Currey, Pauline M.; Johnson, David; Dawson, Lorna A.; van der Wal, Rene; Thornton, Barry; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Artz, Rebekka R.E.. 2011 Five years of simulated atmospheric nitrogen deposition have only subtle effects on the fate of newly synthesized carbon in Calluna vulgaris and Eriophorum vaginatum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43 (3). 495-502. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.11.003

Johnson, David; Moore, Lucy; Green, Samuel; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy J.. 2010 Direct and indirect effects of ammonia, ammonium and nitrate on phosphatase activity and carbon fluxes from decomposing litter in peatland. Environmental Pollution, 158. 3157-3163. 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.06.038

Hogan, E.J.; Minnullina, G.; Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.; Crittenden, P.D.. 2010 Response of phosphomonoesterase activity in the lichen Cladonia portentosa to nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment in a field manipulation experiment. New Phytologist, 186. 926-933. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03221.x

Currey, Pauline M.; Johnson, David; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Toberman, Hannah; Van Der Wal, Rene; Dawson, Lorna A.; Artz, Rebekka R.E.. 2010 Turnover of labile and recalcitrant soil carbon differ in response to nitrate and ammonium deposition in an ombrotrophic peatland. Global Change Biology, 16. 2307-2321. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02082.x

Cape, J N.; van der Eerden, L. J.; Sheppard, L. J.; Leith, I. D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2009 Evidence for changing the Critical Level for ammonia. Environmental Pollution, 157 (3). 1033-1037. 10.1016/j.envpol.2008.09.049

Cape, J. N.; Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; van Dijk, N.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Estimate of annual NH3 dry deposition to a fumigated ombrotrophic bog using concentration-dependent deposition velocities. Atmospheric Environment, 42 (27). 6637-6646. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.04.027

Jones, M. R.; Raven, J. A.; Leith, I. D.; Cape, J. N.; Smith, R. I.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Short-term flux chamber experiment to quantify the deposition of gaseous 15N-NH3 to Calluna vulgaris. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148 (6-7). 893-901. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.12.003

Cape, J. N.; Jones, M.; Leith, I.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; van Dijk, N.; Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.. 2008 Concentration-dependent deposition velocities for ammonia – from lab to field. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 10, EGU2008-A-01929.

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Crossley, A.; van Dijk, N.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Woods, C.. 2008 Stress responses of Calluna vulgaris to reduced and oxidised N applied under real world conditions. Environmental Pollution, 154 (3). 404-413. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.040

Leith, I. D.; Mitchell, R. J.; Truscott, A.-M.; Cape, J. N.; van Dijk, N.; Smith, R. I.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2008 The influence of nitrogen in stemflow and precipitation on epiphyticbryophytes, Isothecium myosuroides Brd., Dicranum scoparium Hewd. and Thuidium tamariscinum (Hewd) Schimp of Atlantic oakwoods. Environmental Pollution, 155 (2). 237-246. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.11.031

Holland, M.; Haydock, H.; Cape, J. N.; Leith, I. D.; Lewis, P. M.; Falla, N. A. R.; Mower, K. G.; Derwent, R. G.; Lee, D. S.. 2007 Ozone damage to paint and rubber goods in the UK. Pollution Atmospherique, Numero Special ". 73-86.

Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Fowler, D.; Raven, J. A; Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Cape, J. N.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smith, R. I.; Theobald, M. R.. 2007 Concentration-dependent NH3 deposition processes for mixed moorland semi-natural vegetation. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (10). 2049-2060. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.11.003

Jones, M. R.; Leith, I. D.; Raven, J. A; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Cape, J. N.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smith, R. I.. 2007 Concentration-dependent NH3 deposition processes for moorland plant species with and without stomata. Atmospheric Environment, 41 (39). 8980-8994. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.08.015

Pitcairn, Carole; Fowler, David; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Tang, Sim; Sutton, Mark; Famulari, Daniela. 2006 Diagnostic indicators of elevated nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution, 144. 941-950. 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.049

Skinner, R.; Ineson, P.; Jones, H.; Sleep, D.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.. 2006 Heathland vegetation as a bio-monitor for nitrogen deposition and source attribution using delta15N values. Atmospheric Environment, 40 (3). 498-507. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.09.054

Mitchell, R. J.; Truscott, A. M.; Leith, I. D.; Cape, J. N.; van Dijk, N.; Tang, Y. S.; Fowler, D.; Sutton, M. A.. 2005 A study of the epiphytic communities of Atlantic oak woods along an atmospheric nitrogen deposition gradient. Journal of Ecology, 93. 482-492. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.00967.x

Gidman, Ed; Goodacre, Royston; Emmett, Bridget; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Gwynn-Jones, Dylan. 2004 Applying metabolic fingerprinting to ecology: The use of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy for the rapid screening of plant responses to N deposition. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 251-258. 10.1007/s11267-005-3035-7

Sheppard, L.; Crossley, A.; Leith, I.D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; Carfrae, J.; van Dijk, N.; Cape, J.N.; Sleep, D.; Fowler, D.; Raven, J.A.. 2004 An Automated Wet Deposition System to Compare the Effects of Reduced and Oxidised N on Ombrotrophic Bog Species: Practical Considerations. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 197-205. 10.1007/s11267-004-3030-4

Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Jones, Matthew; Crossley, Alan; Hargreaves, Ken J; Tang, Yuk; Theobald, Mark; Sutton, Mark. 2004 Quantifying dry NH3 deposition to an ombrotrophic bog from an automated NH3 field release system. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 4 (6). 207-218. 10.1007/s11267-004-3031-3

Pitcairn, C E R; Fowler, D.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Kennedy, V; Okello, E. 2003 Bioindicators of enhanced nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution, 126 (3). 353-361. 10.1016/S0269-7491(03)00248-3

Leith, I.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Sheppard, L.; Hill, P. W.; Cape, J. N.; Fowler, D.; Tang, Y. S.; Smith, R. I.; Parrington, J. A.. 2002 A Comparison of Impacts of N Deposition Applied as NH~3 or as NH~4Cl on Ombrotrophic Mire Vegetation. Phyton (Austria) Special Issue: Global Change, 42 (3). 83-88.

Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy; Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Cape, J. Neil; Hill, PaulW.; Kennedy, Valerie H.; Tang, Y. Sim; Smith, Ron I.; Fowler, David. 2001 Comparison of the Effects of Wet N Deposition (NH_4Cl) and Dry N Deposition (NH_3) on UK Moorland Species. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130 (1-4). 1043-1048. 10.1023/A:1013960329208

Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Leith, Ian D.; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David; Hargreaves, Ken J.; Moghaddam, Masoud; Kennedy, Valerie H; Grannat, Lennart. 2001 Foliar Nitrogen as an Indicator of Nitrogen Deposition and Critical Loads Exceedance on a European Scale. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130. 1037-1042. 10.1023/A:1013908312369

Hicks, W. K.; Leith, I. D.; Woodin, S. J.; Fowler, D.. 2000 Can the foliar nitrogen concentration of upland vegetation be used for predicting atmospheric nitrogen deposition? Evidence from field surveys. Environmental Pollution, 107 (3). 367-376. 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00166-9

Leith, Ian D.; Hicks, W. Kevin; Fowler, David; Woodin, Sarah J.. 1999 Differential responses of UK upland plants to nitrogen deposition. New Phytologist, 141 (2). 277-289. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1999.00333.x

MacDonald, J. A.; Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Skiba, U.; Leith, I.; Murray, M. B.. 1998 Methane emission rates from a northern wetland; response to temperature, water table and transport. Atmospheric Environment, 32 (19). 3219-3227. 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00464-0

Skiba, U.; Sheppard, L.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I.; Crossley, A.; van Dijk, S.; Kennedy, V. J.; Fowler, D.. 1998 Soil nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions as indicators of elevated atmospheric N deposition rates in seminatural ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 457-461. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80069-9

Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sheppard, L. J.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Munro, R. C.; Tang, S.; Wilson, D. 1998 The relationship between nitrogen deposition, species composition and foliar nitrogen concentrations in woodland flora in the vicinity of livestock farms. Environmental Pollution, 102 (S1). 41-48. 10.1016/S0269-7491(98)80013-4

Inglis, D. W. F.; Choularton, T. W.; Wicks, A .J.; Fowler, D.; Leith, I.D.; Werkman, B.; Binnie, J.. 1995 Orographic enhancement of wet deposition in the United Kingdom: case studies and modelling. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2119-2124. 10.1007/BF01186147

Fowler, D.; Leith, I.D.; Binnie, J.; Crossley, A.; Inglis, D.W.F.; Choularton, T.W.; Gay, M.; Longhurst, J.W.S.; Conland, D.E.. 1995 Orographic enhancement of wet deposition in the United Kingdom: continuous monitoring. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 85 (4). 2107-2112. 10.1007/BF01186145

Murray, M.B.; Smith, R.I.; Leith, I.D.; Fowler, D.; Lee, H.S.J.; Friend, A.D.; Jarvis, P.G.. 1994 Effects of elevated CO2, nutrition and climatic warming on bud phenology in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) and their impact of the risk of frost damage. Tree Physiology, 14 (7-9). 691-706. 10.1093/treephys/14.7-8-9.691

Deans, J.D.; Leith, I.D.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Murray, M.B.; Mason, P.A.. 1990 The influence of acid mists on growth, dry matter partitioning, nutrient concentrations and mycorrhizal fruiting bodies in red spruce seedlings,. New Phytologist, 115 (3). 459-464.

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Smith, R.I.; Sheppard, L.; Unsworth, M.H.. 1989 Effects of acid mist on the frost hardiness of red spruce seedlings. New Phytologist, 113 (3). 321-335.

Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Sheppard, L.J.; Cape, J.N.; Deans, J.D.; Smith, R.I.; Fowler, D.. 1989 Visible foliar injury of red spruce seedlings subjected to simulated acid mist. New Phytologist, 113 (3). 313 -320.

Eamus, Derek; Leith, Ian; Fowler, David. 1989 Water relations of red spruce seedlings treated with acid mist. Tree Physiology, 5 (3). 387-397. 10.1093/treephys/5.3.387

Eamus, D; Leith, I.; Fowler, D.. 1989 The influence of acid mist upon transpiration shoot water potential and pressure-volume curves of red spruce seedlings. Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 46 (supp). 577-580. 10.1051/forest:198905ART0131

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Paterson, I.S.; Kinnaird, J.; Nicholson, I.A.. 1988 Effects of air filtration at small SO2 and NO2 concentrations on the yield of barley. Environmental Pollution, 53 (1-4). 135-149. 10.1016/0269-7491(88)90030-9

Leith, I.; Fowler, D.. 1988 Urban distribition of Rhytisma acerinum (Pers). Fries (tar spot) on sycamore. New Phytologist, 108 (2). 175-181.

Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Leith, Ian; Choularton, T W; Gay, M J; Jones, A. 1988 The influence of altitude on rainfall composition at Great Dun Fell. Atmospheric Environment, 22 (7). 1355-1362. 10.1016/0004-6981(88)90160-6

Choularton, T W; Gay, M J; Jones, A; Fowler, David; Cape, Neil; Leith, Ian. 1988 The influence of altitude on wet deposition. Comparison between field measurements at Great Dun Fell and the predictions of a seeder-feeder model. Atmospheric Environment, 22 (7). 1363-1371. 10.1016/0004-6981(88)90161-8

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.. 1985 Acid inputs from the atmosphere in the United Kingdom. Soil Use and Management, 1. 3-5. 10.1111/j.1475-2743.1985.tb00640.x

Fowler, David; Leith, Ian. 1985 Biophysical mechanisms in the update of air-pollutants. Staub Reinhaltung der Luft, 45. 253-256.

Fowler, David; Leith, Ian; Paterson, I S; Kinnaird, J W; Nicholson, I A. 1982 Rainfall acidity in northern Britain. Nature, 297 (5865). 383-386. 10.1038/297383a0

Publication - Book

Sutton, M.A.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Whitfield, C.P.; Leith, I.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; van Dijk, N.; Tang, S.; Skiba, U.; Smart, S.; Mitchell, R.; Wolsley, P.; James, P.; Purvis, W.; Fowler, D.. 2004 Bioindicator and biomonitoring methods for assessing the effects of atmospheric nitrogen on statutory nature conservation sites. Peterborough, JNCC, 230pp. (JNCC Report, 356).

Publication - Book Section

Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.; Mizunuma, T.; van Dijk, N.; Cape, J.N.; Sutton, M.A.. 2011 All forms of reactive nitrogen deposition to Natura 2000 sites should not be treated equally: effects of wet versus dry and reduced versus oxidised nitrogen deposition. In: Hicks, W.K.; Whitfield, C.P.; Bealey, W.J.; Sutton, M.A., (eds.) Nitrogen deposition and Natura 2000: Science and practice in determining environmental impacts. COST Office - European Cooperation in Science and Technology, 181-190.

Mizunuma, T.; Leith, I.D.; Gray, A.; Sutton, M.A.; Sheppard, L.J.. 2011 Evaluation of nitrogen indicators on ombrotrophic acid bogs: observations from a nitrogen manipulation study. In: Hicks, W.K.; Whitfield, C.P.; Bealey, W.J.; Sutton, M.A., (eds.) Nitrogen deposition and Natura 2000: Science and practice in determining environmental impacts. COST Office - European Cooperation in Science and Technology, 190-200.

Sutton, M.A.; Leith, I.D.; Bealey, W.J.; van Dijk, N.; Tang, Y.S.. 2011 Moninea Bog - Case study of atmospheric ammonia impacts on a Special Area of Conservation. In: Hicks, W.K.; Whitfield, C.P.; Bealey, W.J.; Sutton, M.A., (eds.) Nitrogen deposition and Natura 2000: Science and practice in determining environmental impacts. COST Office - European Cooperation in Science and Technology, 59-71.

Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.; Leeson, S.; van Dijk, N.; Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Field, C. 2011 Nitrogen form makes a difference to the responses of a peatland to enhanced reactive nitrogen deposition [abstract]. In: Book of Abstracts: Joint Society of Wetland Scientists, WETPOL and Wetland Biogeochemistry Symposium. Guarant, p.289.

Cape, John Neil; van der Eerden, Ludger; Fangmeier, Andreas; Ayres, John; Bareham, Simon; Bobbink, Roland; Branquinho, Cristina; Crittenden, Peter; Cruz, Cristina; Dias, Teresa; Leith, Ian D.; Martins-Loucao, Maria Amelia; Pitcairn, Carole; Sheppard, Lucy; Spranger, Till; Sutton, Mark; van Dijk, Netty; Wolseley, Pat. 2009 Critcal levels for ammonia. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 375-382.

Sutton, Mark A.; Wolseley, Pat A.; Leith, Ian D.; van Dijk, Netty; Tang, Y. Sim; James, P.W.; Theobald, Mark R.; Whitfield, Clare. 2009 Estimation of the ammonia critical level for epiphytic lichens based on observations at farm, landscape and national scales. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 71-86.

Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Crossley, Alan; van Dijk, Netty; Cape, J. Neil; Fowler, David; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Long-term cumulative exposure exacerbates the effects of atmospheric ammonia on an ombrotrophic bog: implications for critical levels. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 49-58.

Wolseley, Patricia A.; Leith, Ian D.; van Dijk, Netty; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Macrolichens on twigs and trunks as indicators of ammonia concentrations across the UK - a practical method. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 101-108.

Cape, J. Neil; van der Eerden, Ludger J.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Reassessment of critical levels for atmospheric ammonia. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 15-40.

van Dijk, Netty; Leith, Ian D.; Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Soluble ammonium in plants as a bioindicator for atmospheric nitrogen deposition: refinement and testing of a practical model. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 281-289.

Leith, Ian D.; van Dijk, Netty; Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Sutton, Mark A.. 2009 Standardised grasses as biomonitors of ammonia pollution around agricultural point sources. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 269-279.

Pitcairn, Carole E.R.; Leith, Ian D.; van Dijk, Netty; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David. 2009 The application of transects to assess the effects of ammonia on woodland groundflora. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Reis, Stefan; Baker, Samantha M.H., (eds.) Atmospheric Ammonia: Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Results of an Expert Workshop under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Springer, 59-69.

Wolseley, P. A.; James, P. W.; Leith, I.; van Dijk, N.; Pitcairn, C.; Sutton, M.. 2007 Lichens as bioindicators of atmospheric ammonia: a transect case study in the vicinity of a Scottish poultry farm. In: 20th Task Force Meeting of the ICP Vegetation. Programme abstracts. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 73.

Wolseley, P. A.; Leith, I.; van Dijk, N.; Sutton, M.. 2007 Macrolichens on twigs and trunks as indicators of ammonia concentrations across the UK - a practical method. In: 20th Task Force Meeting of the ICP Vegetation. Programme Abstracts. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 74.

van Zetten, Elleke; de Lange, Irene; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Leith, Ian D.; Crossley, Alan; van den Berg, Leon; Roelofs, Jan. 2006 Effects of dry and wet N deposition on vegetation and biogeochemistry of an ombrotrophic bog. In: Caper 2006. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 9, 1pp.

Prendergast, M.; Standen, V.; Cole, L.; Rees, B.; Parker, J.; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy. 2006 Has ammonia fumigation affected enchytraeid worms at Whim Moss. In: CAPER 2006. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 34, 1pp.

Storeton-West, R. L.; Fowler, D.; Leith, I. D.; Hargreaves, K. J.; Murray, T. D.. 2001 Trends in ozone, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides at a semi-rural site in south east Scotland. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 9-12.

Leith, I. D.; Fowler, D.; Reynolds, B.; Dore, A. J.; Choularton, T. W.; Mousavi, M.; Lowe, J. A. H.; Norris, D.; Rossall, M. J.. 2001 Validation experiments for wet deposition estimates at 5km x 5km in complex topography. In: Fowler, D.; Pitcairn, C., (eds.) Air-surface exchange of gases and particles: poster proceedings. Edinburgh, CEH, 99-102.

Fowler, D.; Smith, R.I.; Leith, I.D.; Crossley, A.; Mourne, R.W.; Branford, D.W.; Moghaddam, M.. 1998 Quantifying fine-scale variability in pollutant deposition in complex terrain using 210Pb inventories in soil. In: Wieder, R. Kelman; Novak, Martin; Cerny, Jiri, (eds.) Biogeochemical investigations at the watershed, landscape and regional scales. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer, 459-470.

Pitcairn, Carole; Leith, I.D.; Sutton, M.A.; Fowler, D.; Binnie, J.; Munro, R.; Sheppard, L.J.; Rossall, M.R. 1996 Effects and dispersion of ammonia from poultry farms surrounded by woodland [abstract]. In: Abstracts CAPER '96. Institute of Grassland & Environmental Research, 15. (Unpublished)

Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Leith, I. D.; Sutton, M. A.; Fowler, D.; Binnie, J.; Munro, R. C.; Sheppard, L. J.; Rossall, M. J.. 1996 Effects of ammonia on forest ground flora in the vicinity of a poultry farm. In: Sutton, M. A.; Lee, D. S.; Dollard, G. J.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Atmospheric ammonia: emission, deposition and environmental impacts. Edinburgh, ITE, 128.

Cape, J.N.; Fowler, D.; Eamus, D.; Murray, M.G.; Sheppard, L.J.; Leith, I.D.. 1990 Effects of acid mist and ozone on frost hardiness of Norway spruce seedlings. In: Payer, H.D.; Pfirrmann, T.; Mathy, P., (eds.) Environmental research with Plants in Closed Chambers. Brussels, Commission of the European Communities, 331-335. (CEC Air Pollution Research Report, 26).

Fowler, D.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Choularton, T.W.; Gay, M.J.; Jones, A.. 1988 Wet deposition and altitude, the role of orographic cloud. In: Unsworth, M.H.; Fowler, D., (eds.) Acid deposition at high elevation sites. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, 231-257. (NATO ASI Series C: Math & Phys. Sci., 252).

Cape, J.N.; Sheppard, L.; Leith, I.D.; Murray, M.B.; Deans, J.D.; Fowler, D.. 1988 The effect of acid mist on the frost hardiness of red spruce seedlings. In: Environmental aspects of applied biology. Wellesbourne, Association of Applied Biologists, 141-149. (Aspects of Applied Biology, 17).

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Leith, I. D.; Patterson, I. S.. 1986 Acid deposition in Cumbria. In: Ineson, P., (ed.) Pollution in Cumbria. Abbotts Ripton, NERC/ITE, 7-10. (ITE Symposium, 16).

Publication - Conference Item

Kentisbeer, J.; Leeson, S.; Malcolm, H.; Leith, I.; Cape, J.N.. 2014 Mercury at the UK EMEP supersites Auchencorth Moss & Harwell. [Keynote] In: 15th Task Force on Measurements and Modelling, Bologna, Italy, 8-10 Apr 2014. (Unpublished)

Kentisbeer, J.; Leeson, S.; Malcolm, H.; Leith, I.; Cape, J.N.. 2013 Mercury at the UK EMEP supersite Auchencorth Moss: Trends, patterns and sources. [Keynote] In: 11th International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28 July - 2 August 2013. (Unpublished)

Langford, B.; Leith, I.D.; Twigg, M.M.; Kentisbeer, J.; Leeson, S.; Di Marco, C.; van Dijk, N.; Conolly, C.; Lingard, J.; Richie, S.; Lucarelli, F; Braban, C.F.; Cape, J.N.; Nemitz, E.. 2013 Initial EMEP intensive results from 2012 and 2013 experiments Auchencorth and Harwell. [Speech] In: 14th Annual meeting of EMEP Task Force on Measurements and Modelling (TFMM), Zagreb, Croatia, 6-8 May 2013.

Tang, Y.S.; Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D; Twigg, M.M.; Coyle, M.; Kentisbeer, J.; Leeson, S.; Di Marco, C.; Nemitz, E.; Bealey, W.J.; Leaver, D.; Poskitt, J.; Beith, S.; Thacker, S.; Simmons, I.; van Dijk, N.; Dragosits, U.; Dore, T.; Letho, K.; Woods, C.; Sleep, D.; Pereira, M.G.; Sutton, M.O.; Conolly, C.; Yardley, R.; Davies, M.; Knight, D.; Vincent, K.; Lingard, J.; Richie, S.; Telling, S.; Donovan, B.; Braban, C.F.. 2013 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants Monitoring networks UKEAP. [Speech] In: 14th Annual meeting of EMEP Task Force on Measurements and Modelling (TFMM), Zagreb, Croatia, 6-8 May 2013. (Unpublished)

Kentisbeer, John; Leeson, Sarah; Malcolm, Heath; Leith, Ian; Cape, J. Neil. 2012 Atmospheric mercury monitoring at Auchencorth Moss – trends, patterns and a source analysis. [Poster] In: International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment, Rome, Italy, 22-27 September 2012. (Unpublished)

Helfter, C.; Drewer, J.; Levy, P.; Leith, I.; Leeson, S.; McKenzie, R.; Sutton, M.; Nemitz, E.; Skiba, U.. 2011 Characterisation of methane net ecosystem exchange from a Scottish peatland. [Poster] In: Sixth International Symposium on non-CO2 greenhouse gases (NCGG6), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2-4 November 2011. (Unpublished)

Sheppard, L. J.; Leith, I. D.; Field, C.; van Dijk, N.; Rung, M.; Skiba, U.. 2008 Effects of different nitrogen forms, ammonia gas and wet deposited ammonium and nitrate, on methane and nitrous oxide emissions from an ombrotrophic bog, Whim Moss, in the Scottish Borders. [Lecture] In: After Wise Use - The future of peatlands, Tullamore, Ireland, 8-13 June 2008. Finland, International peat society, 628-632.

Sheppard, L. J.; Leith, I. D.; Kivimaki, S. K.; van Dijk, N.; Hall, J.; Bruneau, P.; Grace, J.; Rees, R.. 2008 Does enhanced nitrogen deposition represent a threat to Sphagnum and thus the sustainability of Scottish peatlands? In: Land management in a changing environment, Proceedings SAC and SEPA biennial Conference, Edinburgh, 26-27 March 2008. 291-297.

Cape, J. Neil; Jones, Matthew R.; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; van Dijk, Netty; Sutton, Mark A.; Fowler, David. 2008 Concentration-dependent deposition velocities for ammonia: moving from lab to field. [Poster] In: European Geophysical Union, Vienna, 2008. (Unpublished)

Hogan, E.; Crittenden, P.; Sheppard, L.; Crossley, A.; Leith, I. D.; Ancion, P.. 2006 The influence of nitrogen deposition on phosphatase activity in Cladonia portentosa. [Poster] In: CAPER 2006, 31st Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Pollock Halls, 10th - 12th April 2006. 35. (Unpublished)

Publication - Report

Braban, C.F.; Leith, I.D.; Leeson, S.; Tang, Y.S.; van Dijk, N.; Sheppard, L.J.; Solera Garcia, M.A.; Sutton, M.A.. 2014 Directional ammonia. Final report. Penicuik, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 22pp. (CEH Project no. C04765) (Unpublished)

Malcolm, Heath; Fowler, David; Crossley, Alan; Kentisbeer, John; Hallsworth, Steve; Lawlor, Alan; Rowland, Phil; Guyatt, Hayley; Beith, Sarah; Thacker, Sarah; Halford, Alan; Rogers, Stuart; Cape, J. Neil; Leeson, Sarah; Harmens, Harry; Nemitz, Eiko; Leaver, David; Sleep, Darren; Woods, Clive; Hockenhull, Kathryn; Simmons, Ivan; van Dijk, Netty; Leith, Ian; Taylor, Michelle; McDonald, Alan. 2012 Heavy metal deposition mapping: concentrations and deposition of heavy metals in rural areas of the UK. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 105pp. (CEH Project Number: C03073, Defra Project Code: AQ0716) (Unpublished)

Braban, Christine; Tang, Sim; van Dijk, Netty; Leeson, Sarah; Simmons, Ivan; Leith, Ian; Leaver, David; Bealey, Bill; Sutton, Mark; Pereira, Gloria; Davies, Martin; Woods, Clive; Ritchie, Stuart; Knight, Denise; Vincent, Keith; Donovan, Brian; Kentisbeer, John; Twigg, Marsailidh; Nemitz, Eiko; Beith, Sarah; Thacker, Sarah; Poskitt, Janet; Lingard, Justin; Cape, Neil. 2012 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants (UKEAP). Annual Report 2012. Defra, 7pp. (CEH Project nos: C04544, C04013) (Submitted)

Braban, Christine; Tang, Sim; van Dijk, Netty; Leeson, Sarah; Simmons, Ivan; Leith, Ian; Leaver, David; Bealey, Bill; Pereira, Gloria; Davies, Martin; Woods, Clive; Ritchie, Stuart; Knight, Denise; Vincent, Keith; Donovan, Brian; Beith, Sarah; Thacker, Sarah; Poskitt, Janet; Sutton, Mark. 2011 UK Eutrophying and Acidifying Atmospheric Pollutants (UKEAP). Annual Report 2011. Defra, 7pp. (CEH Project No: C03645) (Submitted)

Lewis, Jason; Leith, Ian; Wolseley, Pat; Sheppard, Lucy; Crittenden, Peter; Sutton, Mark. 2010 Epiphyte biomonitoring for atmospheric nitrogen effects on terrestrial habitats (2nd year report). SNIFFER, 39pp. (CEH Project Number: C03521) (Unpublished)

Emmett, B.; Ashmore, M.; Belyazid, S; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Caporn, S.; Davies, O.; Field, C.; Dise, N.; Helliwell, R.; Hester, A.; Hughes, S.; Leake, L.; Leith, I.; Maskell, L.; Mills, R.; Mizunuma, T.; Ostle, N.; Phoenix, G.; Power, S.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Tipping, E.; Vanguelova, E.; Vuohelainen, A.; Williams, B.P.. 2009 Terrestrial Umbrella - Effects of eutrophication and acidification on terrestrial ecosystems. Annual Report 2009. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 49pp. (CEH Project Number: C03425)

Bealey, W.; Cape, J. N.; Leith, I. D.; Long, S.; Kinnerlsey, R. P.. 2008 Air quality outcomes in pollution regulation: strengths, limitations and potential. Bristol, Environment Agency, 47pp. (Science Report SC030175/SR1, CEH Project Number: C02600)

Bealey, W. J.; Long, S.; Spurgeon, D. J.; Leith, I.; Cape, J. N.. 2008 Review and implementation study of biomonitoring for assessment of air quality outcomes. Bristol, Environment Agency, 170pp. (Science Report - SC030175/SR2)

Emmett, B.; Cooper, J. R.; Ashmore, M.; Belyazid, S; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Caporn, S.; Carroll, J.; Davies, O.; Dise, N.; Field, C.; Helliwell, R.; Hester, A.; Hughes, S.; Leake, L.; Leith, I.; Maskell, L.; Mills, R.; Mizunuma, T.; Ostle, N.; Phoenix, G.; Power, S.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Tipping, E.; Vanguelova, E.; Vuohelainen, A.. 2008 Terrestrial Umbrella - Effects of eutrophication and acidification on terrestrial ecosystems. Annual Report 2008. Bangor, NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 35pp. (CEH Project Number: C03425)

Long, Sara; Lister, Lindsay; Hankard, Peter; Rothery, Peter; Ainsworth, Gillian; Rowland, Phil; Walker, Lee; Wright, Julian; Turk, Tony; Bealey, Bill; Leith, Ian; Cape, Neil; Spurgeon, Dave. 2008 The use of biomonitoring tools to detect ecosystem response following exposure to contaminants emitted from a regulated industrial source. Bristol, Environment Agency, 41pp. (Science Report - SC030175/SR3)

Emmett, B.; Ashmore, M.; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Bullock, J.; Cape, N.; Caporn, S. J. M.; Carroll, J. A.; Cooper, J. R.; Cresser, M. S.; Crossley, A.; d'Hooghe, P.; De Lange, I.; Edmondson, J.; Evans, C. D.; Field, C.; Fowler, D.; Grant, H.; Green, E.; Griffiths, B.; Haworth, B.; Helliwell, R.; Hicks, K.; Hinton, C.; Holding, H.; Hughes, S.; James, M.; Jones, A.; Jones, M.; Jones, M. L. M.; Leake, J.; Leith, I.; Maskell, L.; McNamara, N.; Moy, I.; Oakley, S.; Ostle, N.; Pilkington, M.; Power, S.; Prendergast, M.; Ray, N.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Roy, D.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Sutton, M.; Terry, A.; Tipping, E.; van den Berg, L.; van Dijk, N.; van Zetten, E.; Vanguelova, E.; Williams, B.; Williams, D.; Williams, W.. 2007 Terrestrial Umbrella: effects of eutrophication and acidification on terrestrial ecosystems. Final report. NERC/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 288pp. (CEH Project Number: C02613, Defra Contract No. CPEA 18)

Cape, J. Neil; Coyle, Mhairi; Leith, Ian D.; Sheppard, Lucy; Mills, Gina; Hayes, Felicity; Williamson, Jenny; Taylor, Louise; Ashmore, Mike; Toet, Sylvia; Wedlich, Kirstin; Barnes, Jeremy; Peacock, Simon; Wilkinson, Sally; Davies, William J.. 2007 Annual report to Defra:‘Ozone umbrella’ project AQ3510. Edinburgh, NERC/Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 39pp. (CEH Project Number: C03108) (Unpublished)

Emmett, B. A.; Williams, B. L.; Ashmore, M.; Britton, A.; Broadmeadow, M.; Bullock, J.; Cape, J. N.; Caporn, S. J. M.; Carroll, J. A.; Cresser, M. S.; Crossley, A. C.; de Lange, I.; Edmondson, J.; Evans, C.; Fowler, D.; Grant, H.; Green, E. R.; Green, S.; Griffiths, B.; Hall, J.; Helliwell, R.; Hinton, C.; Hughes, S.; Jones, A. G.; Jones, M.; Leake, J. R.; Leith, I. D.; Maskell, L.; McNamara, N.; Moy, I.; Oakley, S.; Ostle, N.; Power, S. A.; Prendergast, M.; Price, E. A. C.; Reynolds, B.; Rowe, E.; Roy, D.; Scott, A.; Sheppard, L. J.; Smart, S.; Sowerby, A.; Sutton, M. A.; Thacker, S. A.; Tipping, E.; van Dijk, N.; Vanguelova, E.; van Zetten, E.; Williams, D.; Wilson, D.; Wright, S.. 2006 Terrestrial Umbrella Annual Report. July 2006. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 143pp. (Contract No CPEA 18) (Unpublished)

Pitcairn, Carole; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Sutton, Mark. 2006 Development of a nitrophobe/nitrophile classification for woodlands, grasslands and upland vegetation in Scotland. NERC/Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, 24pp. (CEH: Project Report Number: C03066) (Unpublished)

Leith, I. D.; van Dijk, N.; Pitcairn, C. E. R.; Wolseley, P. A.; Whitfield, C. P.; Sutton, M. A.. 2005 Biomonitoring methods for assessing the impacts of nitrogen pollution: refinement and testing. Peterborough, JNCC, 230pp. (JNCC Report 386)

Pitcairn, Carole; Leith, Ian; Sheppard, Lucy; Skiba, Ute; van Dijk, Netty; Fowler, David; Wolseley, Pat; James, Peter; Sutton, Mark. 2002 Biomonitoring tools for assessing effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on statutory nature conservation sites - interim report. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 18pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Cape, J.N.; Leith, I.D.; Tang, Y.S.. 2001 Dry deposition of ammonia on rain collectors. Interim report to AEA Technology. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, 7pp. (CEH Project C01192) (Unpublished)

Fowler, D.; Cape, J. N.; Paterson, I. S.; Leith, I. D.. 1987 Open-top chamber study: the influence of ambient concentrations of air pollutants on agricultural crops in the UK. Final report. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 89pp. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)

Impact (Summary)

Twigg, Marsailidh; Cape, John; Coyle, Mhairi; Dinsmore, Kerry; Kentisbeer, John; Helfter, Carole; Leaver, David; Leeson, Sarah; Leith, Ian; Malley, Christopher; Nemitz, Eiko; Simmons, Ivan; Braban, Christine. 2014 WMO-GAW Regional status for Auchencorth Moss field station. [Impact (Summary)]

This list was generated on Thu Sep 18 14:10:24 2014 BST.