West-warming east-cooling trend over Antarctica reversed since early 21st century driven by large-scale circulation variation

Xin, Meijiao; Clem, Kyle R.; Turner, John ORCID:; Stammerjohn, Sharon; Zhu, Jiang; Cai, Wenju; Li, Xichen. 2023 West-warming east-cooling trend over Antarctica reversed since early 21st century driven by large-scale circulation variation. Environmental Research Letters, 18, 064034. 10, pp.

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Antarctic climate changes prior to 2000 were characterized by a strong zonally asymmetric pattern. Over 90% of the land ice mass loss occurred around a limited area in West Antarctica, accompanied by a rapid surface warming rate about three times the global mean. In contrast, surface warming and glacier mass loss around East Antarctica are not significant, until the decades since 2000 when several individual stations show that the temperature trends might have reversed. The asymmetric climate changes between East- and West- Antarctica are largely attributable to the inter-decadal variabilities over the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans through tropical-polar teleconnections, leaving open the question of whether the post-2000 phase shift of the lower-latitude decadal variability causes a flip of the asymmetric Antarctic changes. Here, by synthesizing 26 in-situ observations and six reanalysis datasets using a statistical method and integrating the results with a series of climate model experiments, we find that the West-warming, East-cooling trend over Antarctica has systematically reversed in austral spring since the early 21st century, largely due to the atmospheric circulation anomaly over the Antarctic Peninsula – Weddell Sea region, which is associated to the teleconnection with Pacific and atmospheric internal variability. This reversal of the temperature seesaw suggests that substantial decadal-scale fluctuations of the Antarctic climate system exist, including for sea-ice and land-ice systems, superimposed on and modifying longer term changes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 1748-9326
Additional Keywords: Antarctic rapid warming, seesaw temperature pattern, thermal advection
Date made live: 30 May 2023 12:51 +0 (UTC)

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