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The importance of capturing local measurement-driven adjustment of modelled j(NO2)

Walker, Hannah L.; Heal, Mathew R.; Braban, Christine F. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4275-0152; Leeson, Sarah R.; Simmons, Ivan; Jones, Matthew R.; Kift, Richard; Marsden, Nicholas; Twigg, Marsailidh M.. 2022 The importance of capturing local measurement-driven adjustment of modelled j(NO2). Atmosphere, 13 (7), 1065. 15, pp. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13071065

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Abstract/Summary

Accurate photolysis rate constants are essential for simulation of local air quality but their values can vary substantially with changes in local meteorological and surface conditions. This study demonstrates the use of local radiometer measurements for capturing via hourly measurement-driven adjustment factors (MDAF) the temporal resolution needed to adjust clear-sky or cloud-free model estimates of j(NO2). Measurements simultaneously at two sites in the UK (Auchencorth Moss and Manchester) showed that TUV (v5.3) model estimates of j(NO2)↓ in cloud-free conditions (used as an example of modelled j-values) were, on average, approximately 45% larger than measured j(NO2)↓, which would lead to substantial model bias in the absence of local adjustment. At Auchencorth Moss, MDAF values based on 4π and 2π radiometer inlets generally agreed very well with each other (<6% average difference). However, under conditions of particularly high surface albedo (such as snow cover), increased upwelling local diffuse radiation yielded an MDAF derived using total radiation (sum of ↓ and ↑ components) ~40% larger than the MDAF derived using only ↓ radiation. The study has demonstrated: (1) the magnitude of potential impact of local conditions—principally cloud cover, but also changes in surface albedo—on assumed j-values; (2) that whilst annual mean MDAF values are similar at Auchencorth Moss and Manchester, there is no contemporaneous correlation between them at hourly resolution; hence MDAF values derived at one site cannot readily be applied at another site. These data illustrate the need to routinely deploy long-term radiometer measurements alongside compositional measurements to support atmospheric chemistry modelling.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13071065
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 2073-4433
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: atmospheric photolysis, j-value, photolysis constant, surface albedo, TUV model
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 14 Jul 2022 11:18 +0 (UTC)
URI: https://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/532900

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