Nitrogen emission and deposition budget in an agricultural catchment in subtropical central China

Zhu, Xiao; Shen, Jianlin; Li, Yong; Liu, Xuejun; Xu, Wen; Zhou, Feng; Wang, Juan; Reis, Stefan ORCID:; Wu, Jinshui. 2021 Nitrogen emission and deposition budget in an agricultural catchment in subtropical central China. Environmental Pollution, 289, 117870. 13, pp.

Full text not available from this repository.


The study of emissions and depositions of atmospheric reactive nitrogen species (Nrs) in a region is important to uncover the sources and sinks of atmospheric Nrs in the region. In this study, atmospheric total Nrs depositions including both wet-only and dry deposition were monitored simultaneously across major land use types in a 105 km2 catchment called Jinjing River Catchment (JRC) in subtropical central China from 2015 to 2016. Based on activity data and emission factors for the main Nrs emission sources, ammonia (NH3) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission inventories for the catchment were also compiled. The estimated total Nrs deposition in JRC was 35.9 kg N ha−1 yr−1, with approximately 49.7 % attributed to reduced compounds (NHx), and 40.5 % attributed to oxidized (NOy). The total Nrs emission rate in JRC was 80.4 kg N ha−1 yr−1, with 61.5 and 18.9 kg N ha−1 yr−1 from NH3 and NOx emissions, respectively. Livestock excretion and fertilization were the two main contributing emission sources for NH3, while vehicle sources contributed the bulk of NOx emissions. The net atmospheric budgets of Nrs in paddy field, forest, and tea field were +3.7, −36.1, and +23.8 kg N ha−1 yr−1, respectively. At the catchment scale, the net atmospheric budget of Nrs was +47.7 kg N ha−1 yr−1, with +43.7 kg N ha−1 yr−1 of NHx and +4.0 kg N ha−1 yr−1 of NOy, indicating that the subtropical catchment may be net sources of atmospheric Nrs. Considering that excessive atmospheric Nr emissions and deposition may cause adverse effects on the environment, effects should be conducted to mitigate the Nrs emissions from agriculture and transportation, and increasing the area of forest is good for reducing the net positive budget of atmospheric Nrs in the subtropical catchments in China.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: nitrogen cycling, ammonia emission, nitrogen oxides, dry deposition, wet deposition
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Agriculture and Soil Science
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 09 Aug 2021 15:58 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...