Spatial and temporal variability in energy and water vapour fluxes observed at seven sites on the Indian subcontinent during 2017

Bhat, G.S.; Morrison, R. ORCID:; Taylor, C.M.; Bhattacharya, B.K.; Paleri, S.; Desai, D.; Evans, J.G. ORCID:; Pattnaik, S.; Sekhar, M.; Nigam, R.; Sattar, A.; Angadi, S.S.; Kacha, D.; Patidar, A.; Tripathi, S.N.; Krishnan, K.V.M.; Sisodiya, A.. 2020 Spatial and temporal variability in energy and water vapour fluxes observed at seven sites on the Indian subcontinent during 2017. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 146 (731). 2853-2866.

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Under the INCOMPASS project, state of the art eddy‐covariance based surface flux measurement systems were installed at eight locations across India. These sites cover different climatic conditions, land use and land cover, and water management practices. Here we present the initial analysis of the measurements taken at seven sites mainly focusing on the year 2017, quantifying for the first time the remarkable contrasts in evaporative fraction across the seasons, climate zones and land management practices of the Indian subcontinent. With the exception of Jaisalmer which is the driest of the places studied, all the sites maintain values of evaporative fraction above 0.5 after the monsoon through to November. By contrast, for those sites with natural vegetation or rain‐fed agriculture, evaporative fraction remains below 0.3 for the dry January–May period. In the middle Gangetic Plain area, irrigation and pre‐monsoon showers together maintain evaporative fraction above 0.5 between January and June. It is also observed that different variables exhibit different intraseasonal variation characteristics even at one site. Except for Samastipur which is situated in the middle Indo‐Gangetic Plains, wind speed shows spectral peak at a smaller time‐scale compared to sensible and latent heat fluxes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Hydro-climate Risks (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0035-9009
Additional Keywords: Indian monsoon, land-surface processes, evaporative fraction, eddy-covariance flux, surface fluxes, surface energy balance
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 29 Oct 2019 12:06 +0 (UTC)

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