Condensation and partial pressure change as a major cause of airflow: experimental evidence

Bunyard, Peter P.; Hodnett, Martin; Peña, Carlos; Burgos-Salcedo, Javier. 2017 Condensation and partial pressure change as a major cause of airflow: experimental evidence. DYNA, 84 (202). 92-101.

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The dominant model of atmospheric circulation is based on the notion that hot air rises, creating horizontal winds. A second major driver has been proposed in the biotic pump theory (BPT), by which intense condensation is the prime cause of surface winds from ocean to land. Critics of the BPT argue that air movement resulting from condensation is isotropic. This paper explores the physics of water condensation under mild atmospheric conditions, within a purpose-designed square-section 4.8m-tall closed-system structure. The data show a highly significant correlation (R2 >0.96, p value <0.001) between observed airflows and partial pressure changes from condensation. The assumption that condensation of water vapour is always isotropic is therefore incorrect.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Unaffiliated
ISSN: 0012-7353
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: airflow, condensation, convection, anisotropic
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 01 Mar 2018 11:57 +0 (UTC)

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