Nitrogen deposition, critical loads and biodiversity: introduction

Hicks, W. Kevin; Haeuber, Richard; Sutton, Mark A.. 2014 Nitrogen deposition, critical loads and biodiversity: introduction. In: Sutton, Mark A.; Mason, Kate E.; Sheppard, Lucy J.; Sverdrup, Harald; Haeuber, Richard; Hicks, W. Kevin, (eds.) Nitrogen deposition, critical loads and biodiversity. Dordrecht, Springer, 1-4.

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Human activities, related primarily to agricultural practices and the combustion of fossil fuels for energy and transport, have caused steep increases in global emissions of reactive nitrogen (Nr) over the last 50 years (e.g., Galloway et al. Biogeochemistry, 70(2), 153–226, 2004, Science, 320, 889–892, 2008). Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition derived from these sources represents a major threat to natural ecosystems around the world, leading to changes in structure, function and the associated biodiversity (e.g. Phoenix et al. Global Change Biology, 12, 470–476, 2006; Bobbink et al. Ecological Applications, 20, 30–59, 2010). Although substantial progress has been made in past decades, especially in Europe and North America, major uncertainties remain regarding the global perspective. In the last 30 years, Europe and North America have made great progress in assessing the problem, although the knowledge base is greater for impacts on flora than fauna; in many other parts of the world, however, the required datasets and assessments in many cases do not yet exist. This chapter summarizes the approach taken in the Workshop on Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity and outlines the contents and structure of the book.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Dise
ISBN: 9789400779389
Additional Keywords: nitrogen deposition, biodiversity, critical loads, ecosystem services, monitoring and modelling
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 22 Jan 2015 10:15 +0 (UTC)

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