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Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry

Dotto, Tiago S.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto; Bacon, Sheldon; Tsamados, Michel; Holland, Paul R.; Hooley, Jack; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Ridout, Andy; Meredith, Michael P.. 2018 Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (12). 6195-6204. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078607

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Abstract/Summary

Year‐round variability in the Ross Gyre (RG), Antarctica, during 2011‐2015, is derived using radar altimetry. The RG is characterized by a bounded recirculating component, and a westward ‘throughflow’ to the south. Two modes of variability of the sea‐surface height (SSH) and ocean surface stress curl are revealed. The first represents a large‐scale SSH change forced by the Antarctic Oscillation. The second represents semiannual variability in gyre area and strength, driven by fluctuations in sea level pressure associated with the Amundsen Sea Low (ASL). Variability in the throughflow is also linked to the ASL. An adequate description of the oceanic circulation is achieved only when sea ice drag is accounted for in the ocean surface stress. The drivers of RG variability elucidated here have significant implications for our understanding of the oceanic forcing of Antarctic Ice Sheet melting, and for the downstream propagation of its ocean freshening footprint.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078607
ISSN: 00948276
Date made live: 20 Jun 2018 10:57 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/520353

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