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Applying air pollution modelling within a multi-criteria decision analysis framework to evaluate UK air quality policies

Chalabi, Zaid; Milojevic, Ai; Doherty, Ruth M.; Stevenson, David S.; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Milner, James; Vieno, Massimo; Williams, Martin; Wilkinson, Paul. 2017 Applying air pollution modelling within a multi-criteria decision analysis framework to evaluate UK air quality policies. Atmospheric Environment, 167. 466-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.08.057

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Abstract/Summary

A decision support system for evaluating UK air quality policies is presented. It combines the output from a chemistry transport model, a health impact model and other impact models within a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) framework. As a proof-of-concept, the MCDA framework is used to evaluate and compare idealized emission reduction policies in four sectors (combustion in energy and transformation industries, non-industrial combustion plants, road transport and agriculture) and across six outcomes or criteria (mortality, health inequality, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, crop yield and air quality legal compliance). To illustrate a realistic use of the MCDA framework, the relative importance of the criteria were elicited from a number of stakeholders acting as proxy policy makers. In the prototype decision problem, we show that reducing emissions from industrial combustion (followed very closely by road transport and agriculture) is more advantageous than equivalent reductions from the other sectors when all the criteria are taken into account. Extensions of the MCDA framework to support policy makers in practice are discussed.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.08.057
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 1352-2310
Additional Keywords: air quality policies, air pollution modelling, decision analysis, health impacts
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 21 Dec 2017 14:27 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/518806

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