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Diffuse degassing at Longonot volcano, Kenya: implications for CO2 flux in continental rifts

Robertson, Elspeth; Biggs, Juliet; Edmonds, Marie; Clor, Laura; Fischer, Tobias P.; Vye-Brown, Charlotte; Kianji, Gladys; Koros, Wesley; Kandie, Risper. 2016 Diffuse degassing at Longonot volcano, Kenya: implications for CO2 flux in continental rifts. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 327. 208-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.06.016

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Abstract/Summary

Magma movement, fault structures and hydrothermal systems influence volatile emissions at rift volcanoes. Longonot is a Quaternary caldera volcano located in the southern Kenyan Rift, where regional extension controls recent shallow magma ascent. Here we report the results of a soil carbon dioxide (CO2) survey in the vicinity of Longonot volcano, as well as fumarolic gas compositions and carbon isotope data. The total non-biogenic CO2 degassing is estimated at < 300 kg d− 1, and is largely controlled by crater faults and fractures close to the summit. Thus, recent volcanic structures, rather than regional tectonics, control fluid pathways and degassing. Fumarolic gases are characterised by a narrow range in carbon isotope ratios (δ13C), from − 4.7‰ to − 6.4‰ (vs. PDB) suggesting a magmatic origin with minor contributions from biogenic CO2. Comparison with other degassing measurements in the East African Rift shows that records of historical eruptions or unrest do not correspond directly to the magnitude of CO2 flux from volcanic centres, which may instead reflect the current size and characteristics of the subsurface magma reservoir. Interestingly, the integrated CO2 flux from faulted rift basins is reported to be an order of magnitude higher than that from any of the volcanic centres for which CO2 surveys have so far been reported

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.06.016
ISSN: 03770273
Date made live: 20 Feb 2017 11:42 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516261

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