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Directional passive ambient air monitoring of ammonia for fugitive source attribution; a field trial with wind tunnel characteristics

Solera García, M.A.; Timmis, R.J.; Van Dijk, N.; Whyatt, J.D.; Leith, I.D.; Leeson, S.R.; Braban, C.F.; Sheppard, L.J.; Sutton, M.A.; Tang, Y.S.. 2017 Directional passive ambient air monitoring of ammonia for fugitive source attribution; a field trial with wind tunnel characteristics. Atmospheric Environment, 167. 576-585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.07.043

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Abstract/Summary

Atmospheric ammonia is a precursor for secondary particulate matter formation, which harms human health and contributes to acidification and eutrophication. Under the 2012 Gothenburg Protocol, 2005 emissions must be cut by 6% by 2020. In the UK, 83% of total emissions originate from agricultural practices such as fertilizer use and rearing of livestock, with emissions that are spatially extensive and variable in nature. Such fugitive emissions make resolving and tracking of individual site performance challenging. The Directional Passive Air quality Sampler (DPAS) was trialled at Whim Bog, an experimental site with a wind-controlled artificial release of ammonia, in combination with CEH-developed ammonia samplers. Whilst saturation issues were identified, two DPAS-MANDE (Mini Annular Denuder) systems, when deployed in parallel, displayed an average relative deviation of 15% (2–54%) across all 12 directions, with the directions exposed to the ammonia source showing ∼5% difference. The DPAS-MANDE has shown great potential for directional discrimination and can contribute to the understanding and management of fugitive ammonia sources from intensive agriculture sites.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.07.043
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
CEH Fellows
Unaffiliated
ISSN: 1352-2310
Additional Keywords: ammonia, fugitive, monitoring, passive, air, directional
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Chemistry
Date made live: 09 Jan 2018 15:38 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513174

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