Periodic sulphur dioxide degassing from the Soufriere Hills Volcano related to deep magma supply

Christopher, T.; Edmonds, M.; Taisne, B.; Odbert, H.; Costa, A.; Hards, V.; Wadge, G.. 2015 Periodic sulphur dioxide degassing from the Soufriere Hills Volcano related to deep magma supply. In: Zellmer, G.F.; Edmonds, M.; Straub, S.M., (eds.) The role of volatiles in the genesis, evolution and eruption of arc magmas. Geological Society of London, 123-141. (Geological Society Special Publications, 410, 410).

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Soufrière Hills Volcano produced prodigious quantities of sulphur dioxide (SO2) gas throughout 1995–2013. An unprecedented, detailed record of SO2 flux shows that high SO2 fluxes were sustained through eruptive pauses and for two years after the end of lava extrusion and are decoupled from lava extrusion rates. Lava extrusion rates have exhibited strong 1- to 2-year cyclicity. Wavelet analysis demonstrates periodicities of c. 5 months and c. 2 years within the SO2 time series, as well as the shorter cycles identified previously. The latter period is similar to the wavelength of cycles in lava extrusion, albeit non-systematically offset. The periodicities are consistent with pressure changes accompanying deformation in a coupled magma reservoir system whereby double periodic behaviour may arise from limited connectivity between two reservoirs. During periods of lava extrusion SO2 is released together with the lava (yielding the c. 2 year period), albeit with some offset. In contrast, when magma cannot flow because of its yield strength, SO2 is released independently from lava (yielding the c. 5 month period). Our results have implications for eruption forecasting. It seems likely that, when deep supply of magma ceases, gas fluxes will cease to be periodic.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0305-8719
Date made live: 03 Mar 2015 15:58 +0 (UTC)

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