Interdecadal variability of the Southern Ocean

Hogg, A.McC.; Blundell, J.R.. 2006 Interdecadal variability of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36 (8). 1626-1645.

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The intrinsic variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current is investigated using an idealized wind-driven model. The model uses three quasigeostrophic layers, with steady wind stress forcing, and no diabatic effects. Despite the idealized nature of the model, the simulations display a robust mode of low-frequency variability in the flow. It is demonstrated that this variability is dependent upon the explicit simulation of the dynamics of mesoscale eddies. As such, the variability is sensitive to stratification, horizontal viscosity, bottom stress, and topography. The energetic balance of the variability is diagnosed, and a driving mechanism is proposed that involves positive feedback between the generation of eddies through baroclinic instability and the dynamics of the mean circulation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0022-3670
Date made live: 06 Feb 2007 +0 (UTC)

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