Quantifying the airflow distortion over merchant ships. Part II: application of the model results

Moat, B.I. ORCID:; Yelland, M.J.; Molland, A.F.. 2006 Quantifying the airflow distortion over merchant ships. Part II: application of the model results. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23 (3). 351-360.

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Wind speed measurements obtained from ship-mounted anemometers are biased by the presence of the ship, which distorts the airflow to the anemometer. Previous studies have simulated the flow over detailed models of individual research ships in order to quantify the effect of flow distortion at well-exposed anemometers, usually sited on a mast in the ship's bows. In contrast, little work has been undertaken to examine the effects of flow distortion at anemometers sited on other merchant ships participating in the voluntary observing ship (VOS) project. Anemometers are usually sited on a mast above the bridge of VOS where the effects of flow distortion may be severe. The several thousand VOS vary a great deal in shape and size and it would be impractical to study each individual ship. This study examines the airflow above the bridge of a typical, or generic, tanker/bulk carrier/general cargo ship using computational fluid dynamics models. The results show that the airflow separates at the upwind leading edge of the bridge and a region of severely decelerated flow exists close to the bridge top with a region of accelerated flow above. Large velocity gradients occur between the two regions. The wind speed bias is highly dependent upon the anemometer location and varies from accelerations of 10% or more to decelerations of 100%. The wind speed bias at particular locations also varies with the relative wind direction, that is, the angle of the ship to the wind. Wind speed biases for various anemometer positions are given for bow-on and beam-on flows.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0739-0572
Date made live: 30 May 2006 +0 (UTC)

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