Modeling the surface-atmosphere exchange of ammonia
Wichink Kruit, R.J.; van Pul, W.A.J.; Sauter, F.J.; van den Broek, M.; Nemitz, E.; Sutton, M.A.; Krol, M.; Holtslag, A.A.M.. 2010 Modeling the surface-atmosphere exchange of ammonia. Atmospheric Environment, 44 (7). 945-957. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.11.049Full text not available from this repository.
New parameterizations for surface–atmosphere exchange of ammonia are presented for application in atmospheric transport models and compared with parameterizations of the literature. The new parameterizations are based on a combination of the results of three years of ammonia flux measurements over a grassland canopy (dominated by Lolium perenne and Poa trivialis) near Wageningen, the Netherlands and existing parameterizations from literature. First, a model for the surface–atmosphere exchange of ammonia that includes the concentration at the external leaf surface is derived and validated. Second, a parameterization for the stomatal compensation point (expressed as Γs, the ratio of [NH4+]/[H+] in the leaf apoplast) that accounts for the observed seasonal variation is derived from the measurements. The new, temperature-dependent Γs describes the observed seasonal behavior very well. It is noted, however, that senescence of plants and field management practices will also influence the seasonal variation of Γs on a shorter timescale. Finally, a relation that links Γs to the atmospheric pollution level of the location through the ‘long-term’ NH3 concentration in the air is proposed.
|Programmes:||CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 2 - Biogeochemistry and Climate System Processes > BGC - 2.1 - Quantify & model processes that control the emission, fate and bioavailability of pollutants
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 1 - Monitoring and Interpretation of Biogeochemical and Climate Changes > BGC - 1.1 - Monitor concentrations, fluxes, physico-chemical forms of current and emerging pollutants ...
|Additional Keywords:||ammonia, dry deposition, compensation point, resistance analogue, atmospheric transport model|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Atmospheric Sciences|
|Date made live:||27 Apr 2010 13:20|
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