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Methane and CO2 exchange over peatland and the effects of afforestation

Fowler, D.; Hargreaves, K.J.; MacDonald, J.A.; Gardiner, B.. 1995 Methane and CO2 exchange over peatland and the effects of afforestation. Forestry, 68 (4). 327-334. 10.1093/forestry/68.4.327

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Abstract/Summary

The exchange of CH4 and CO2 over extensive tracts of peatland has recently been measured using micrometeorological methods. Fluxes of CH4 measured in Caithness (UK) during May and June 1994 using eddy covariance yielded fluxes in the range –70 to +170 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 with a mean flux of 39 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 Landscape emissions of CH4 from peatland are shown to vary with water table and temperature, increasing from 25 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 at 5 per cent area to 50 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 with 30 per cent within the footprint occupied by pool. A positive temperature response of 4.9 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 {ring} C– in the temperature range 6–12{ring}C was also observed The mean day time fluxes of CO2 during May and June 1994, of —3.6 mmol m–2 h–1 were two orders of magnitude larger than the emission of CH4 of 40 µmol m–2 h–1, while at night (when net radiation is negative) the respiration flux of CO2 averaged +2.2 mmol m–2 h–1approximately two orders of magnitude larger than night-time CH4 emissions of 30 µmol m–2 h–1.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1093/forestry/68.4.327
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0015-752X
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 22 Jul 2009 13:09
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5834

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