nerc.ac.uk

A two-parameter wind speed algorithm for Ku-band altimeters

Gourrion, J.; Vandemark, D.; Bailey, S.; Chapron, B.; Gommenginger, C.P.; Challenor, P.G.; Srokosz, M.A.. 2002 A two-parameter wind speed algorithm for Ku-band altimeters. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 19 (12). 2030-2048. 10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<2030:ATPWSA>2.0.CO;2

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
PDF
Gourrion_JAOT2002_final.pdf

Download (611kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Globally distributed crossovers of altimeter and scatterometer observations clearly demonstrate that ocean altimeter backscatter correlates with both the near-surface wind speed and the sea state. Satellite data from TOPEX/Poseidon and NSCAT are used to develop an empirical altimeter wind speed model that attenuates the sea-state signature and improves upon the present operational altimeter wind model. The inversion is defined using a multilayer perceptron neural network with altimeter-derived backscatter and significant wave height as inputs. Comparisons between this new model and past single input routines indicates that the rms wind error is reduced by 10%–15% in tandem with the lowering of wind error residuals dependent on the sea state. Both model intercomparison and validation of the new routine are detailed, including the use of large independent data compilations that include the SeaWinds and ERS scatterometers, ECMWF wind fields, and buoy measurements. The model provides consistent improvement against these varied sources with a wind-independent bias below 0.3 m s−1. The continuous form of the defined function, along with the global data used in its derivation, suggest an algorithm suitable for operational application to Ku-band altimeters. Further model improvement through wave height inclusion is limited due to an inherent multivaluedness between any single realization of the altimeter measurement pair [σo, HS] and observed near-surface winds. This ambiguity indicates that HS is a limited proxy for variable gravity wave properties that impact upon altimeter backscatter.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<2030:ATPWSA>2.0.CO;2
ISSN: 0739-0572
Additional Keywords: wind speed, satellite altimetry, sea state, scatterometers
Date made live: 20 May 2004 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/102219

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...