Mosses as biomonitors of atmospheric heavy metal deposition: spatial and temporal trends in Europe

Harmens, H.; Norris, D.A.; Steinnes, E.; Kubin, E.; Piispanen, J.; Alber, R.; Aleksiayenak, Y.; Blum, O.; Coskun, M.; Dam, M.; De Temmerman, L.; Fernandez, J.A.; Frolova, M.; Frontasyeva, M.; Gonzalez-Miqueo, L.; Grodzinska, K.; Jeran, Z.; Korzekwa, S.; Krmar, M.; Kvietkus, K.; Leblond, S.; Liiv, S.; Magnusson, S.H.; Mankovska, B.; Pesch, R.; Ruhling, A.; Santamaria, J.M.; Schroder, W.; Spiric, Z.; Suchara, I.; Thoni, L.; Urumov, V.; Yurukova, L.; Zechmeister, Z.. 2010 Mosses as biomonitors of atmospheric heavy metal deposition: spatial and temporal trends in Europe. Environmental Pollution, 158. 3144-3156.

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In recent decades, mosses have been used successfully as biomonitors of atmospheric deposition of heavy metals. Since 1990, the European moss survey has been repeated at five-yearly intervals. Although spatial patterns were metal-specific, in 2005 the lowest concentrations of metals in mosses were generally found in Scandinavia, the Baltic States and northern parts of the UK; the highest concentrations were generally found in Belgium and south-eastern Europe. The recent decline in emission and subsequent deposition of heavy metals across Europe has resulted in a decrease in the heavy metal concentration in mosses for the majority of metals. Since 1990, the concentration in mosses has declined the most for arsenic, cadmium, iron, lead and vanadium (52–72%), followed by copper, nickel and zinc (20–30%), with no significant reduction being observed for mercury (12% since 1995) and chromium (2%). However, temporal trends were country-specific with sometimes increases being found. Since 1990, heavy metal concentrations in mosses have declined in Europe for most metals

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 3 - Managing Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in a Changing Environment > BD - 3.3 - Develop integrated environmental assessments and modelling ...
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Emmett
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: biomonitoring, EMEP maps, heavy metals, metal deposition, moss survey
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Related URLs:
Date made live: 09 Sep 2010 10:42 +0 (UTC)

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