Predicting cadmium adsorption on soils using WHAM VI

Shi, Zhenquing; Allen, Herbert E.; Di Toro, Dominic M.; Lee, Suen-Zone; Meza, Diego M. Flores; Lofts, Steve. 2007 Predicting cadmium adsorption on soils using WHAM VI. Chemosphere, 69. 605-612.

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Cadmium (Cd) adsorption on 14 non-calcareous New Jersey soils was investigated with a batch method. Both adsorption edge and isotherm experiments were conducted covering a wide range of soil composition, e.g. soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration ranging from 0.18% to 7.15%, and varying Cd concentrations and solution pH. The SOC and solution pH were the most important parameters controlling Cd partition equilibrium between soils and solutions in our experimental conditions. The Windermere humic aqueous model (WHAM) was used to calculate Cd adsorption on soils. The effect of solution chemistry (various pH and Cd concentrations) on Cd adsorption can be well accounted for by WHAM. For different soil compositions, SOC concentration is the most important parameter for Cd binding. Only a fraction of SOC, the so-called active organic carbon (AOC), is responsible for Cd binding. We found a linear relationship between SOC and AOC based on the adsorption edge data. The linear relationship was validated by the independent data sets: adsorption isotherm data, which presumably can be used to predict Cd partition equilibrium across a wide range of soil compositions. The modeling approach presented in this study helps to quantitatively predict Cd behavior in the environment.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG01 Measuring and modelling trace gas, aerosol and carbon > BG01.4 Metals
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Shore
ISSN: 0045-6535
Additional Keywords: cadmium, adsorption, WHAM, active organic matter, partition, modeling
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 18 Sep 2007 09:15 +0 (UTC)

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