Metal ion binding by natural organic matter: from the model to the field

Benedetti, M.F.; van Riemsdijk, W.H.; Koopal, L.K.; Kinniburgh, David; Gooddy, Daren; Milne, Chris. 1996 Metal ion binding by natural organic matter: from the model to the field. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60 (14). 2503-2513.

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With the newly developed NICCA-Donnan model, we estimate the activity of toxic metal ions from simple measurements like total metal concentration and organic matter content. The model evaluates Cu and Cd binding from three field systems, a mountain lake and two sandy soils, using model parameters calibrated for natural organic matter analogues with laboratory measurements. This is possible because the model includes site binding heterogeneity, electrostatic effects, competitive binding, and ion specific nonideality. The predictions derived closely matched the field observations when site binding densities are adjusted. The partition coefficients between soil and soil solution were also predicted for Cd and Cu under conditions where the organic matter controls the metal binding in both soil and soil solution. The model calculations show that in soil solutions 50% of the Cd and 99.99% of the Cu is bound to the dissolved organic matter. The model can be used to evaluate the effects of variations in the chemical conditions (e.g., acidification or total metal loading) on the free metal ion concentration in solution.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
ISSN: 0016-7037
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Date made live: 22 Jul 2009 13:58 +0 (UTC)

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