Spatial and temporal analysis of haemorrhagic septicaemia outbreaks in India over three decades (1987–2016)

Chanda, Mohammed Mudassar; Purse, Bethan V. ORCID:; Hemadri, Divakar; Patil, Sharanagouda S.; Yogisharadhya, Revanaiah; Prajapati, Awadhesh; Shivachandra, Sathish Bhadravati. 2024 Spatial and temporal analysis of haemorrhagic septicaemia outbreaks in India over three decades (1987–2016). Scientific Reports, 14 (1), 6773. 15, pp.

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Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is an economically important disease affecting cattle and buffaloes and the livelihoods of small-holder farmers that depend upon them. The disease is caused by Gram-negative bacterium, Pasteurella multocida, and is considered to be endemic in many states of India with more than 25,000 outbreaks in the past three decades. Currently, there is no national policy for control of HS in India. In this study, we analysed thirty year (1987–2016) monthly data on HS outbreaks using different statistical and mathematical methods to identify spatial variability and temporal patterns (seasonality, periodicity). There was zonal variation in the trend and seasonality of HS outbreaks. Overall, South zone reported maximum proportion of the outbreaks (70.2%), followed by East zone (7.2%), Central zone (6.4%), North zone (5.6%), West zone (5.5%) and North-East zone (4.9%). Annual state level analysis indicated that the reporting of HS outbreaks started at different years independently and there was no apparent transmission between the states. The results of the current study are useful for the policy makers to design national control programme on HS in India and implement state specific strategies. Further, our study and strategies could aid in implementation of similar approaches in HS endemic tropical countries around the world.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Biodiversity (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 2045-2322
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: neglected tropical disease, cattle, buffalo, South Asia, haemorrhagic septicaemia, spatial and temporal patterns, zonal variation, control programme
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Biology and Microbiology
Data and Information
Date made live: 21 Mar 2024 12:00 +0 (UTC)

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