Predicting long term regional drought pattern in northeast India using advanced statistical technique and wavelet-machine learning approach

Shahfahad, ; Talukdar, Swapan; Ghose, Bonosri; Islam, Abu Reza Md.Towfiqul; Hasanuzzaman, Md.; Ahmed, Ishita Afreen; Praveen, Bushra; Asif, ; Paarcha, Aruna; Rahman, Atiqur; Gagnon, A.S.; Afzal, Muhammad. 2023 Predicting long term regional drought pattern in northeast India using advanced statistical technique and wavelet-machine learning approach. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment.

Full text not available from this repository.


Understanding drought and its multifaceted challenges is crucial for safeguarding food security, promoting environmental sustainability, and fostering socio-economic well-being across the globe. As a consequence of climate change and anthropogenic factors, the occurrence and severity of drought has risen globally. In India, droughts are regular phenomenon affecting about 16% area of country each year which leads to a loss of about 0.5–1% of country’s annual GDP. Hence, the study aims to analyse and predict the meteorological drought in northeast India during 1901 to 2015 using standardised precipitation index (SPI) and analytical techniques such as Mann–Kendall test (MK), innovative trend analysis (ITA), and wavelet approach. In addition, the periodicity of the drought was estimated using Morlet wavelet technique, while discrete wavelet transform (DWT) was applied for decomposing the time series SPI-6 & SPI-12. Study shows that the northeast India experienced moderate drought conditions (SPI-6) in short term and two significant severe droughts (SPI-12) in long term between 1901 and 2015. The trend analysis shows a significant increase in SPI-6 & SPI-12 (p-value 0.01). Further, the combination of parameters i.e. approximation and levels result in the best drought prediction model with higher correlation coefficient and lower error. By using PSO-REPTtree, this study pioneers the use of decomposed parameters to detect trends and develop a drought prediction model. The study is the first step towards establishing drought early warning system that will help decision-makers and farmers to mitigate the impact of drought at the regional level.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Unaffiliated
ISSN: 2363-6203
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Publisher link (see Related URLs) provides a read-only full-text copy of the published paper.
Additional Keywords: meteorological drought pattern, particle swarm optimization, innovative trend analysis, standardized precipitation index, sequential Mann–Kendall test, reduced error pruning tree
NORA Subject Terms: Meteorology and Climatology
Computer Science
Data and Information
Related URLs:
Date made live: 09 Nov 2023 09:32 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...