The heterogeneous crustal architecture of the Falkland Plateau Basin

Stanca, Roxana M.; Hodgson, David M.; McCarthy, Dave J.; Mortimer, Estelle J.. 2023 The heterogeneous crustal architecture of the Falkland Plateau Basin. Basin Research.

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Continental break-up can be oftentimes associated with intracontinental wrenching that can lead to the generation of transform margins and transform marginal plateaus. The wrenching phase can be accompanied by complicated processes, which result in heterogeneous structural and crustal architectures. This makes understanding the evolution of such tectonic settings challenging. The Falkland Plateau is an example of a transform marginal plateau where regional wrenching accompanied the incipient stages of Gondwanan continental break-up to result in a mosaic of crustal types underlying its largest basin: the Falkland Plateau Basin (FPB). The uncertainties in crustal boundaries have led to several models for the evolution of the plateau, which hinder the development of a reliable plate reconstruction of Southern Gondwana. We integrate seismic reflection, gravity and magnetic data to propose an updated crustal architecture of the FPB. The results show that extended continental crust underlies the basin in the west and north. The eastern and central parts consist of a juxtaposition of intruded and underplated continental crust which transitions southwards to a thick oceanic domain. The basin is crosscut by three main NE–SW trending shear zones which facilitated the development of the contrasting crustal and structural domains interpreted across the plateau. This integrated reassessment of the FPB provides new insights into the tectonic evolution of the plateau, the deformation associated with wrenching and transform margin formation and our understanding of the tectono-stratigraphic evolution of such areas.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0950-091X
Date made live: 25 Aug 2023 14:54 +0 (UTC)

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