A New Four‐Component L*‐Dependent Model for Radial Diffusion Based on Solar Wind and Magnetospheric Drivers of ULF Waves

Murphy, Kyle R.; Sandhu, Jasmine; Rae, I. Jonathan; Daggitt, Thomas ORCID:; Glauert, Sarah ORCID:; Horne, Richard B. ORCID:; Watt, Clare E. J.; Bentley, Sarah; Kellerman, Adam; Ozeke, Louis; Halford, Alexa J.; Tian, Sheng; Breneman, Aaron; Olifer, Leonid; Mann, Ian R.; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Wygant, John. 2023 A New Four‐Component L*‐Dependent Model for Radial Diffusion Based on Solar Wind and Magnetospheric Drivers of ULF Waves. Space Weather, 21 (7), e2023SW003440. 20, pp.

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The outer radiation belt is a region of space comprising highly energetic electrons. During periods of extreme space weather, the number and energy of these electrons can rapidly vary. During these periods as the electron energies and numbers become enhanced, they can pose a threat to satellite and space infrastructure. While we have an excellent understanding of the physical processes which drive radiation belt electron dynamics, we still have a limited ability to model and forecast radiation belt dynamics; this is a result of the complexity of Earth's radiation belt system. One of the key processes controlling radiation belt dynamics is Ultra Low Frequency (ULF) wave radial diffusion. In this work we detail the development a new model quantifying the strength of ULF wave radial diffusion in the outer radiation belt utilizing space base observations of the electric and magnetic fields in Earth's magnetosphere. Accurately quantifying ULF wave radial diffusion is fundamental to understanding radiation belt dynamics and any improvement or refinements in radial diffusion models can help to provide a better understanding of the complex radiation belt system and importantly improve hindcasts, nowcasts, and forecasts.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 1542-7390
Additional Keywords: ULF waves, radial diffusion, radiation electron belt dynamics, L*, solar wind, geomagnetic activity
Date made live: 20 Jul 2023 09:31 +0 (UTC)

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