Ocean warming drives rapid dynamic activation of a marine-terminating glacier on the west Antarctic Peninsula

Wallis, Benjamin J.; Hogg, Anne E.; Meredith, Michael P. ORCID:; Close, Romilly; Hardy, Dominic; McMillan, Malcolm; Wuite, Jan; Nagler, Thomas; Moffat, Carlos. 2023 Ocean warming drives rapid dynamic activation of a marine-terminating glacier on the west Antarctic Peninsula. Nature Communications, 14 (7535). 14, pp.

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Ice dynamic change is the primary cause of mass loss from the Antarctic Ice Sheet, thus it is important to understand the processes driving ice-ocean interactions and the timescale on which major change can occur. Here we use satellite observations to measure a rapid increase in speed and collapse of the ice shelf fronting Cadman Glacier in the absence of surface meltwater ponding. Between November 2018 and December 2019 ice speed increased by 94 ± 4% (1.47 ± 0.6 km/yr), ice discharge increased by 0.52 ± 0.21 Gt/yr, and the calving front retreated by 8 km with dynamic thinning on grounded ice of 20.1 ± 2.6 m/yr. This change was concurrent with a positive temperature anomaly in the upper ocean, where a 400 m deep channel allowed warm water to reach Cadman Glacier driving the dynamic activation, while neighbouring Funk and Lever Glaciers were protected by bathymetric sills across their fjords. Our results show that forcing by warm ocean water can cause the rapid onset of dynamic imbalance and increased ice discharge from glaciers on the Antarctic Peninsula, highlighting the region’s sensitivity to future climate variability.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 20411723
Date made live: 29 Nov 2023 10:47 +0 (UTC)

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