Controlled sintering for cadmium stabilization by beneficially using the dredged river sediment

Xia, Yunxue; Qiu, Dong; Lyv, Zhong; Zhang, Jianshuai; Singh, Narendra; Shih, Kaimin; Tang, Yuanyuan. 2022 Controlled sintering for cadmium stabilization by beneficially using the dredged river sediment. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 17 (5), 61.

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Cd-bearing solid wastes are considered to be a serious threat to the environment, and effective strategies for their treatment are urgently needed. Ceramic sintering has been considered as a promising method for efficiently incorporating heavy metal-containing solid wastes into various ceramic products. Mineral-rich dredged river sediment, especially Al and Si-containing oxides, can be treated as alternative ceramic precursors rather than being disposed of as solid wastes. To examine the feasibility of using waste sediment for Cd stabilization and the phase transition mechanisms, this study conducted a sintering scheme for the mixtures of CdO and dredged river sediment with different (Al+Si):Cd mole ratios. Detailed investigations have been performed on phases transformation, Cd incorporation mechanisms, elemental distribution, and leaching behaviors of the sintered products. Results showed that Cd incorporation and transformation in the sintered products were influenced by the mole ratio of (Al+Si):Cd. Among the high-Cd series ((Al+Si):Cd = 6:1), CdSiO3, Cd2SiO4, CdAl2(SiO4)2 and Cd2Al2Si2O9 were predominant Cd-containing product phases, while Cd2Al2Si2O9 was replaced by CdAl4O7 when the mole ratio of (Al+Si):Cd was 12:1 (low-Cd series). Cd was efficiently stabilized in both reaction series after being sintered at ⩾ 900 °C, with < 5% leached ratio even after a prolonged leaching time, indicating excellent long-term Cd stabilization. This study demonstrated that both Cd-containing phases and the amorphous Al-/Si-containing matrices all played critical roles in Cd stabilization. A promising strategy can be proposed to simultaneously reuse the solid waste as ceramic precursors and stabilize heavy metals in the ceramic products.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 2095-2201
Date made live: 13 Jan 2023 13:31 +0 (UTC)

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