Exploring community-level landslide risk reduction strategies in the Global South

Ciurean, Roxana; Bee, Emma; Arnhardt, Raushan. 2022 Exploring community-level landslide risk reduction strategies in the Global South. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 33pp. (OR/22/078) (Unpublished)

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The aim of this report is to provide insight into community-based methods, approaches, and actions for reducing risk to landslides. More specifically, it presents a broad overview of recent studies on landslide risk reduction at community level, exploring the various landslide risk reduction measures recommended and/or implemented, and discusses the challenges and opportunities for the implementation of these measures. The report draws on a wide range of applications investigating distinct case studies in different areas around the Globe, as well as more general studies on equitable resilience (how communities are really engaged) and landslide risk management within the context of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the Global South's vulnerable communities. The documented strategies are analysed from the perspectives of scale of intervention, their timing and sustainability, and the resources required for their implementation. The review suggests that there is no one-size fits all solution for community-based landslide risk reduction. The integration of local knowledge into landslide risk reduction practices is context-specific and varies both in relation to the time of implementation (ex-ante or ex-post disaster) and historically, due to the dynamic nature of communities’ structure and functioning. Its contribution to resilience (including coping and adaptation capacity) depends on the interaction with other types of knowledge (e.g., science based) and the general institutional setting (legal and governmental framework). Moreover, the scale of organisation and action, from individual to household and community level, influences the impact and long-term sustainability of mitigation measures. Nevertheless, overcoming barriers of knowledge, trusts, resources, and power at local level could enhance co-development and collaboration between communities and governmental and non-governmental organisation, communities Landslide risk reduction cannot be addressed in isolation. Whilst our research focused on a single hazard approach, some DRR measures are shared across hazards, suggesting there is scope for cross-fertilisation and learning between communities affected by different hazards (e.g., volcanic, flooding, mass-movements, etc.). Indeed, this would prompt all actors involved to change their perspective and management of risk towards a systemic, integrated, holistic approach, as they work together to build greater resilience to likely future disasters.

Item Type: Publication - Report
Funders/Sponsors: British Geological Survey
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed, but not externally peer-reviewed.
Date made live: 30 Nov 2022 09:31 +0 (UTC)

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