Blending TAC and BUFR Marine in Situ Data for ICOADS Near-Real-Time Release 3.0.2

Liu, Chunying; Freeman, Eric; Kent, Elizabeth C. ORCID:; Berry, David I.; Worley, Steven J.; Smith, Shawn R.; Huang, Boyin; Zhang, Huai-min; Cram, Thomas; Ji, Zaihua; Ouellet, Mathieu; Gaboury, Isabelle; Oliva, Frank; Andersson, Axel; Angel, William E.; Sallis, Angela R.; Adeyeye, Adedoja. 2022 Blending TAC and BUFR Marine in Situ Data for ICOADS Near-Real-Time Release 3.0.2. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

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This paper describes the new International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) near-real-time (NRT) Release, (R3.0.2), with greatly enhanced completeness over the previous version (R3.0.1). R3.0.1 had been operationally produced monthly from January 2015 onward, with input data from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Global Telecommunication Systems (GTS) transmissions in the Traditional Alphanumeric Codes (TAC) format. Since the release of R3.0.1, however, many observing platforms have changed, or are in the process of transitioning, to the Binary Universal Form for the Representation (BUFR) of meteorological data format. R3.0.2 combines input data from both BUFR and TAC formats. In this paper, we describe: input data sources; the BUFR decoding process for observations from drifting buoys, moored buoys, and ships; and the data quality control of the TAC and BUFR data streams. We also describe how the TAC and BUFR streams were merged to upgrade R3.0.1 into R3.0.2 with duplicates removed. Finally, we compare the number of reports and spatial coverage of essential climate variables (ECVs) between R3.0.1 and R3.0.2. ICOADS NRT R3.0.2 shows both quantitative and qualitative gains from the inclusion of BUFR reports. The number of observations in R3.0.2 increased by nearly one million reports per month, and the coverage of buoy and ship sea surface temperatures (SSTs) on monthly 2°×2° degree grids increased by 20%. The number of reported ECVs also increased in R3.0.2. For example, observations of SST and sea level pressure (SLP) increased by around 30% and 20%, respectively, as compared to R3.0.1, and salinity is a new addition to the ICOADS NRT product in R3.0.2.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0739-0572
Date made live: 16 Nov 2022 11:54 +0 (UTC)

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