HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared

Gould, W. John. 2022 HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared. History of Geo- and Space Sciences, 13 (2). 171-204.

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This paper analyses the pioneering global voyages of HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle in the 1870s – a time of rapid scientific advances and technological innovation. The voyage of Challenger has become well known as marking the start of the global-scale science of oceanography. The voyage of the Gazelle is much less well known despite the two voyages ending in the same year, 1876, and having similar geographical and scientific scope. Rather than focussing on the scientific achievements, the paper concentrates on how the expeditions were planned and executed, the lives and characters of the personnel involved, and the underlying motivation behind the voyages. The paper presents the author's translations of key elements of the Gazelle reports as a means of introducing the Gazelle expedition to an English-speaking readership.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 2190-5029
Date made live: 11 Oct 2022 08:59 +0 (UTC)

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