Developments in Pb-210 methodologies to provide chronologies for environmental change

Hunter, H.N.; Gowing, C.J.B.; Marriott, A.L.; Lacey, J.H.; Dowell, S.; Watts, M.J.. 2023 Developments in Pb-210 methodologies to provide chronologies for environmental change. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 45. 1173-1181.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
Text (Open Access Paper)
s10653-022-01215-x.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (841kB) | Preview


Chronologies generated from core profiles to apply dates to environmental changes commonly use the measurement of the activity of radionuclides deposited and stratified with physical environmental material. The most commonly reported nuclide to define chronologies covering the last 150 years is Pb-210, for which accepted data processing methodologies in the literature have focussed on the constant rate of supply (CRS) model and the more recently published Bayesian Plum model. This short communication describes a validation approach using defined sediment layers referred to as ‘varve’ counting, which provide known points of reference to account for uncertainty between generated dates from each model using published Pb-210 measurements. A significant improvement in the chronologies was observed when applying reference date corrections to the models. This was shown to be essential in providing confidence in reported datasets and accuracy of predicted chronologies, which will better inform the interpretation of environmental change, e.g. sedimentation rates, climate change, pollution pathways and land degradation. Generated chronologies from both the CRS and Plum methods showed good agreement with the established varve dates (typically < 4-year difference).

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0269-4042
Date made live: 06 Apr 2022 13:02 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...