Antarctic ecosystems

Convey, Peter ORCID:; Biersma, Elisabeth Machteld. 2024 Antarctic ecosystems. In: Scheiner, Samuel M., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (3rd Edition). Elsevier, 133-148, 16pp.

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Terrestrial environments of Antarctica include some of the most extreme on Earth, challenging the very existence of life itself. This article outlines briefly the geological and biological history of the continent, leading on to the conditions currently experienced, before describing its terrestrial biogeography and biota. Major determinants of terrestrial biodiversity and ecosystem function are discussed and consideration given to natural and human-induced processes of ecosystem development and change.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISBN: 978-0-323-98434-8
Additional Keywords: Biodiversity; Biogeography; Climate change; Continental antarctic; Evolutionary history; Freshwater ecosystems; Human impacts; Ice; Isolation; Maritime antarctic; Non-native species; Phylogeography; Snow; Sub-Antarctic; Terrestrial ecosystems
Date made live: 03 Nov 2023 11:47 +0 (UTC)

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