Exploiting InSAR on a large scale for tectonics and volcano monitoring

Hooper, Andrew; Wright, Tim J.; Weiss, Jonathan R.; Rollins, Chris; Gaddes, Matthew; Lazecky, Milan; Morishita, Yu; Walters, Richard J; Wang, Hua; Hussain, Ekbal. 2021 Exploiting InSAR on a large scale for tectonics and volcano monitoring. In: IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (IGARSS), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 26 Sept - 2 Oct 2020. IEEE Xplore, 6857-6858.

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Geodetic measurements of crustal deformation rates provide important information on earthquake hazard, indicating that strain is accumulating either faster or slower than the rate suggested by known earthquakes. With the COMET-LiCSAR InSAR processing system, which performs large-scale automated processing and timeseries analysis of Sentinel-1 data, we aim to generate strain rate maps for the entire Alpine-Himalayan Belt, and use these to investigate seismic hazard. In this paper we will present results for Anatolia. Deformation is also a key indicator of volcanic unrest, and is often associated with the flow of magma to shallower depths. The operational nature of Sentinel-1, with frequent revisits and rapid data delivery, makes it suitable for monitoring subaerial volcanoes globally. In order to deal with the large quantity of new data that is continuously being generated, we have developed machine learning approaches to flag when either a new deformation pattern emerges, or an existing deformation pattern changes rate.

Item Type: Publication - Conference Item (Paper)
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Date made live: 30 Sep 2021 13:40 +0 (UTC)

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