A kinetic approach for assessing the uptake of Ag from pristine and sulfidised Ag nanomaterials to plants

Lahive, E.; Schultz, C.; Van Gestel, C.A.M.; Robinson, A.; Horton, A.A. ORCID:; Spurgeon, D.J.; Svendsen, C.; Busquets‐Fité, M.; Matzke, M.; Green Etxabe, A.. 2021 A kinetic approach for assessing the uptake of Ag from pristine and sulfidised Ag nanomaterials to plants. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.

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Nanomaterials (NMs) are thermodynamically unstable by nature and exposure of soil organisms to NMs in the terrestrial environment cannot be assumed constant. Thus, steady‐state conditions may not apply to NMs and bioaccumulation modelling for uptake should follow a dynamic approach. The one‐compartment model allows the uptake and elimination of a chemical to be determined, while also permitting changes in exposure and growth to be taken into account. The aim of this study was to investigate the accumulation of Ag from different Ag NM types (20 nm Ag0NMs, 50 nm Ag0NMs and 25 nm Ag2S NMs) in the crop plant, wheat (Triticum aestivum). Seeds were emerged in contaminated soils (3 or 10 mg Ag/kg dry soil, nominal) and plants grown for up to 42 days post‐emergence. Plant roots and shoots were collected after 1, 7, 14, 21 and 42 days post‐emergence and total Ag measured. Soil porewater Ag concentrations were also measured at each sampling time. Using the plant growth rates in the different treatments and the changing porewater concentrations as parameters, the one‐compartment model was used to estimate the uptake and elimination of Ag from the plant tissues. The best fit of the model to the data included growth rate and porewater concentration decline, while showing elimination of Ag to be close to zero. Uptake was highest for Ag0NMs and size did not influence their uptake rates. Accumulation of Ag from Ag2S NMs was lower, reflected by the lower porewater concentrations.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Pollution (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0730-7268
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: Ag2S, bioavailability, nanoparticles, plants, bioaccumulation
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 24 Mar 2021 11:30 +0 (UTC)

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