Reduced photosynthetic thermal acclimation capacity under elevated ozone in poplar (Populus tremula) saplings

Dai, Lulu ORCID:; Xu, Yansen; Harmens, Harry; Duan, Honglang; Feng, Zhaozhong; Hayes, Felicity; Sharps, Katrina; Radbourne, Alan; Tarvainen, Lasse. 2021 Reduced photosynthetic thermal acclimation capacity under elevated ozone in poplar (Populus tremula) saplings. Global Change Biology, 27 (10). 2159-2173.

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The sensitivity of photosynthesis to temperature has been identified as a key uncertainty for projecting the magnitude of the terrestrial carbon cycle response to future climate change. Although thermal acclimation of photosynthesis under rising temperature has been reported in many tree species, whether tropospheric ozone (O3) affects the acclimation capacity remains unknown. In this study, temperature responses of photosynthesis (light‐saturated rate of photosynthesis (Asat), maximum rates of RuBP carboxylation (Vcmax), and electron transport (Jmax) and dark respiration (Rdark) of Populus tremula exposed to ambient O3 (AO3, maximum of 30 ppb) or elevated O3 (EO3, maximum of 110 ppb) and ambient or elevated temperature (ambient +5°C) were investigated in solardomes. We found that the optimum temperature of Asat (ToptA) significantly increased in response to warming. However, the thermal acclimation capacity was reduced by O3 exposure, as indicated by decreased ToptA, and temperature optima of Vcmax (ToptV) and Jmax (ToptJ) under EO3. Changes in both stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthetic capacity (Vcmax and Jmax) contributed to the shift of ToptA by warming and EO3. Neither Rdark measured at 25°C (urn:x-wiley:13541013:media:gcb15564:gcb15564-math-0001) nor the temperature response of Rdark was affected by warming, EO3, or their combination. The responses of Asat, Vcmax, and Jmax to warming and EO3 were closely correlated with changes in leaf nitrogen (N) content and N use efficiency. Overall, warming stimulated growth (leaf biomass and tree height), whereas EO3 reduced growth (leaf and woody biomass). The findings indicate that thermal acclimation of Asat may be overestimated if the impact of O3 pollution is not taken into account.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Soils and Land Use (Science Area 2017-)
UKCEH Fellows
ISSN: 1354-1013
Additional Keywords: growth, nitrogen, ozone, photosynthesis, poplar, respiration, thermal acclimation, warming
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 19 Mar 2021 11:19 +0 (UTC)

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