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Agricultural soils: a sink or source of methane across the British Isles?

Cowan, Nicholas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7473-7916; Maire, Juliette; Krol, Dominika; Cloy, Joanna M.; Hargreaves, Paul; Murphy, Rachael; Carswell, Alison; Jones, Stephanie K.; Hinton, Nicola; Anderson, Margaret; Famulari, Daniela; Bell, Madeleine J.; Stack, Philip; Levy, Peter ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8505-1901; Skiba, Ute; Drewer, Julia. 2020 Agricultural soils: a sink or source of methane across the British Isles? European Journal of Soil Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13075

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Abstract/Summary

This study summarizes a large diverse dataset of methane (CH4) fluxes measured from agricultural sites across the British Isles. A total of 53,976 manual static chamber measurements from 27 different sites were investigated to determine the magnitude of CH4 fluxes from a variety of agricultural fields across the UK and Ireland. Our study shows that contrary to some studies, agricultural soils (both arable and grassland) are small net emitters of CH4 rather than sinks. Mean fluxes measured from arable and grassland sites (excluding fertiliser and tillage events) were 0.11 ± 0.06 and 0.19 ± 0.09 nmol m−2 s−1, respectively, and were not found to be significantly different (Welch t‐test, p = 0.17). Using the values reported in this study, we estimate that an annual emission of 0.16 and 0.09 Mt of CO2‐eq is expected from arable and grassland agricultural soils in the UK and Ireland (comparable to 0.3 and 0.7% of the current annual CH4 emission inventories, respectively). Where CH4 uptake occurs in soils, it is negligible compared to expected emissions of the application of animal manures and tillage events, which were both found to significantly increase CH4 emissions in the immediate few days to months after events. Our study highlights that there are significant differences in CH4 uptake and emissions between sites, and that these differences are partially the result of the moisture content of the soil (i.e., the aerobic status of the soil). We expect uptake of CH4 to be more prevalent in drier soils where volumetric water content does not exceed 35% and emissions to be exponentially greater where agricultural fields become waterlogged.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13075
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 1351-0754
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: bioenergy, CH4, flux, GHG, grassland, greenhouse gas, manure, tillage
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 31 Dec 2020 15:56 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/529319

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