Late Triassic dinoflagellate cysts from the Northern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia

Mantle, Daniel J.; Riding, James B. ORCID:; Hannaford, Carey. 2020 Late Triassic dinoflagellate cysts from the Northern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 281, 104254.

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The Late Triassic radiation of cyst-forming dinoflagellates in the Southern Hemisphere is investigated in the Northern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. This major depocentre, situated on the southern margin of the Tethys Ocean, accumulated extensive deltaic and shallow marine successions at this time, that frequently host early dinoflagellate cyst assemblages. Numerous petroleum exploration wells in the basin have penetrated the fluvially dominated Mungaroo Formation and shallow marine Brigadier Formation, of Anisian–Norian and Rhaetian ages, respectively. Consequently, huge numbers of cuttings and sidewall core samples from these northwest prograding deltaic systems are available for study. Many of the dinoflagellate cysts from the Mungaroo and Brigadier formations have not been taxonomically formalised, including many forms that are used in open nomenclature within the oil and gas industry. This study formally documents these occasionally abundant and diverse dinoflagellate cyst assemblages with the aim of providing a consistent taxonomic framework for future work on the Upper Triassic successions of the Northern Carnarvon Basin. This will aid the recognition of individual flooding events via their characteristic palynomorph signatures and help to build on significant recent advances in regional sequence stratigraphy. One new genus, 14 new dinoflagellate cyst species and one new subspecies are described from the most diverse Late Triassic dinoflagellate assemblage yet published. A further nine genera and 15 dinoflagellate species are also recorded from the Carnian–Rhaetian R. wigginsii, W. listeri, H. balmei, R. rhaetica and D. priscum dinoflagellate zones. The documented assemblages are not only significant biostratigraphically, but it is also postulated that high diversity Triassic dinoflagellate cyst associations were paleoclimatically controlled, and were likely confined to the temperate and cool temperate paleolatitudes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 00346667
Date made live: 07 Dec 2020 16:30 +0 (UTC)

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