Emerging organic compounds in European groundwater

Bunting, S.Y.; Lapworth, D.J. ORCID:; Crane, E.; Grima-Olmedo, J.; Koroša, A.; Kuczyńska, A.; Mali, N.; Rosenqvist, L.; Van Vliet, M.E.; Togola, A.; Lopez, B.. 2021 Emerging organic compounds in European groundwater. Environmental Pollution, 269, 115945.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
Text (Open Access Paper)
1-s2.0-S0269749120366343-main.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (1MB) | Preview


In Europe, emerging organic compounds (EOCs) in groundwater is a growing research area. Prioritisation for monitoring EOCs was formalised in 2019 in Europe through the development of the first voluntary groundwater watch list (GWWL). Despite this, groundwater occurrence data in the peer reviewed literature for Europe has not been reviewed to date. Questions surrounding the effect, toxicity, movement in the subsurface and unsaturated zone make the process of regulating EOC use difficult. The aim in Europe is to develop a unified strategy for the classification, and prioritisation of EOCs to be monitored in groundwater. This paper compiles evidence from the recent published studies from across Europe, since 2012 when the last major literature global review of EOCs in groundwater took place. A total of 39 studies were identified for review based on specific selection criteria (geography, publication date, sample size>10, inclusion of EOCs data). Data on specific compounds, and associated meta-data are compiled and reviewed. The two most frequently detected EOCs, carbamazepine and caffeine, occurred in groundwater at concentrations of up to 2.3 and 14.8 μg/L, respectively.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 02697491
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater
Date made live: 17 Nov 2020 13:25 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...