The temperature of Britain's coalfields

Farr, G.; Busby, J.; Wyatt, L.; Crooks, J.; Schofield, D.I.; Holden, A.. 2020 The temperature of Britain's coalfields. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 54 (3), qjegh2020-109.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
Text (Open Access Paper)
qjegh2020-109.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (6MB) | Preview


Low temperature heat recovery, cooling and storage schemes, using abandoned flooded mine workings are a viable option for low carbon heating solutions within many abandoned British coalfields. The temperature of mine water is a useful parameter, coupled with depth to water, sustainable yield and recharge potential, to identify suitable locations and calculate the likely performance of heat recovery schemes. This paper aims to provide the first mapping and synthesis of the temperature of Britain's coalfields to support this emerging technology. Using the best available evidence, a median geothermal gradient of 24.1 °C/km was calculated for the British coalfields. However, geothermal gradients between separate coalfields can vary from 17.3 to 34.3 °C/km. The North East, Cumbria and Yorkshire coalfields all have mean geothermal gradients generally >30 °C/km, whilst geothermal gradients of generally <23 °C/km are measured in the Warwickshire, South Wales, Staffordshire, Douglas and Fife coalfields. Active dewatering schemes are shown to locally increase the apparent measured geothermal gradient by ingress and mixing of deeper water into the pumping shafts. This baseline spatial mapping and synthesis of coalfield temperatures offers significant benefit to those planning, designing and regulating heat recovery and storage in Britain's abandoned coalfields.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 1470-9236
Date made live: 07 Oct 2020 12:10 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...