Tectonomagmatic evolution of the Sveconorwegian orogen recorded in the chemical and isotopic compositions of 1070–920 Ma granitoids

Granseth, Anette; Slagstad, Trond; Coint, Nolwenn; Roberts, Nick M.W.; Røhr, Torkil S.; Sørensen, Bjørn Eske. 2020 Tectonomagmatic evolution of the Sveconorwegian orogen recorded in the chemical and isotopic compositions of 1070–920 Ma granitoids. Precambrian Research, 340, 105527.

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The Sveconorwegian Province in Southern Norway and Sweden hosts at least four granitoid suites, representing apparently continuous magmatism at the SW margin of the Fennoscandian Shield between 1070 and 920 Ma. This study presents a compilation of published and new zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb geochronology, whole-rock and zircon geochemistry and Sm-Nd isotope data for the granitoid suites and demonstrates the granitoids’ ability to record changes in the tectonomagmatic evolution of this orogenic Province. The Sirdal Magmatic Belt (SMB, ca. 1070–1010 Ma) represents the earliest magmatism, west in the Province, followed by two hornblende-biotite granitoid suites (HBG, ca. 1000–920 Ma) and the Flå–Iddefjord–Bohus suite (FIB, ca. 925 Ma), in central and eastern parts of the Province, respectively. The SMB and the HBG bodies located outside of the SMB (referred to as HBGout) are chemically similar, whereas the HBG bodies located in the same region as the SMB (referred to as HBGin) are more ferroan, enriched in incompatible elements and have higher zircon saturation temperatures. Isotopically, the SMB and both HBG suites fall on an evolutionary trend from widespread 1.5 Ga crust in the region, suggesting this was the dominant crustal contribution to magmatism. The FIB suite is more peraluminous, rich in inherited zircon, and has isotopic compositions suggesting a more evolved source than both the HBG suites and the SMB. Trace element modelling shows that the SMB and HBGout suites could have formed by 50% partial melting of 1.5 Ga crust, whereas 5–10% remelting of the dehydrated and depleted SMB residue accounts for the geochemical composition of the HBGin suite. The available data suggest a scenario where the 1.5 Ga lower crust underwent melting due to long-lived mafic underplating giving rise to the SMB suite. After ca. 1000 Ma, regional-scale extension may have led to more widespread mafic underplating causing remelting of the residue following SMB melt extraction, forming the HBGin suite, with lower-crustal melting farther east forming the HBGout suite. Changes in melt composition over this 150 Myr time interval may thus be ascribed to an evolving melt source rather than fundamental changes in tectonic regime. Deep continental subduction at ca. 990 Ma, east in the orogen, provided an isotopically evolved crustal source for the FIB suite. The data underline the difference in tectonic processes across the orogen, with long-lived, high temperatures in the western and central parts and colder, high-pressure events in the eastern parts of the orogen.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 03019268
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 14 Apr 2020 11:01 +0 (UTC)

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