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Trends and patterns in surface water chemistry in Europe and North America between 1990 and 2016, with particular focus on changes in land use as a confounding factor for recovery

Garmo, Øyvind A.; Kaste, Øyvind; Arle, Jens; Austnes, Kari; de Wit, Heleen; Fölster, Jens; Houle, Daniel; Hruška, Jakub; Indriksone, Iveta; Monteith, Don; Rogora, Michela; Sample, James E.; Steingruber, Sandra; Stoddard, John L.; Talkop, Reet; Trodd, Wayne; Ulańczyk, Rafał Piotr; Vuorenmaa, Jussi. 2020 Trends and patterns in surface water chemistry in Europe and North America between 1990 and 2016, with particular focus on changes in land use as a confounding factor for recovery. Oslo, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, 60pp. (NIVA Report 7479-2020, ICP Waters Report 142/2020, CEH Project no. C07387)

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Abstract/Summary

The report presents trends in sulphate, nitrate, chloride, base cations, ANC (acid neutralising capacity), pH and DOC at circa 500 ICP Waters sites in Europe and North America for the period 1990-2016. Time series were analysed for trends in annual median values, annual extreme values and change points, that indicate years with sudden changes in trend or level. Also provided is a brief overview of possible implications of land use change for recovery of acidified surface waters.

Item Type: Publication - Report
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Water Resources (Science Area 2017-)
ISBN: 9788257772147
Funders/Sponsors: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Norwegian Environment Agency (Miljødirektoratet)
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access publication - freely available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: acid rain, deposition, suplhur, nitrogen, chloride, pH DOC, acid neutralising capacity, air pollution, surface water acidification, ICP Waters
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Ecology and Environment
Hydrology
Chemistry
Date made live: 01 Apr 2020 12:52 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/527271

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