Change detection in a Marine Protected Area (MPA) over three decades on Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean

Relles, N. J.; Patterson, M. R.; Jones, D. O. B. ORCID: 2019 Change detection in a Marine Protected Area (MPA) over three decades on Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 99 (4). 761-770.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.

Download (655kB) | Preview


The island of Bonaire is a long-established Marine Protected Area (MPA), the reefs of which were extensively mapped in the early 1980s. Satellite remote sensing techniques were used to construct reef maps for 2008–2009. Metrics describing the spatial structure of coral habitat at the landscape scale – including coral cover, fragmentation, patch size and connectivity between patches – were calculated and compared between these two time periods. Changes were evaluated in and out of the MPAs and in areas exposed and sheltered from storm damage. Overall, coral cover has declined during the past three decades, being replaced by sand, but the decline has not been as drastic as elsewhere in the Caribbean. Fragmentation of the reef habitat has occurred, resulting in smaller and more disparate patches, but these changes were not associated with exposure along the coastline. However, total coral cover was maintained in sheltered areas, whereas it declined along exposed shorelines. Human protection of reefs by marine reserves had variable effects on coral cover and fragmentation. One of two no-diving marine reserves showed increases in coral cover accompanied by decreases in the number of patches of coral and an increase in the size of individual patches over the time period, while the second reserve exhibited the opposite trend. Advances in satellite remote sensing techniques allow for a more rapid assessment of changes in reefs at the landscape level, which can be used to identify spatial changes in the reef environment, including areas of coral decline.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 0025-3154
Date made live: 11 Oct 2018 14:26 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...