First Appearance Datums (FADs) of selected acritarch taxa and correlation between Lower and Middle Ordovician stages

Servais, Thomas; Molyneux, Stewart G.; Li, Jun; Nowak, Hendrik; Rubinstein, Claudia V.; Vecoli, Marco; Wang, Wen Hui; Yan, Kui. 2018 First Appearance Datums (FADs) of selected acritarch taxa and correlation between Lower and Middle Ordovician stages. Lethaia, 51 (2). 228-253.

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First Appearance Datums (FADs) of selected, easily recognizable acritarch morphotypes are assessed to determine their potential contribution to correlation between Lower and Middle Ordovician stages and substage divisions along the Gondwanan margin (Perigondwana) and between Perigondwana and other palaeocontinents. The FADs for 19 genera, species and species groups are recorded throughout their biogeographical ranges. The taxa investigated fall into three groups. Some have FADs at about the same level throughout their biogeographical ranges and are useful for long‐distance and intercontinental correlation. Among these are Coryphidium, Dactylofusa velifera, Peteinosphaeridium and Rhopaliophora in the upper Tremadocian Stage; Arbusculidium filamentosum, Aureotesta clathrata simplex and Coryphidium bohemicum in the lower–middle Floian Stage; Dicrodiacrodium in the upper Floian Stage; Frankea in the Dapingian–lower Darriwilian stages; and Orthosphaeridium spp., with FADs in the Dapingian–lower Darriwilian stages of Perigondwanan regions and at about the same level in Baltica. Other taxa, however, have diachronous (or apparently diachronous) FADs, and this needs to be taken into account when using them for correlation. A second group of genera and species, comprising Striatotheca, the Veryhachium lairdii group and the V. trispinosum group, have a recurring pattern of FADs in the Tremadocian Stage on Avalonia and in South Gondwana and West Gondwana, but in the Floian Stage of South China and East Gondwana. The third group, consisting of Arkonia, Ampullula, Barakella, Dasydorus, Liliosphaeridium and Sacculidium, have FADs that are markedly diachronous throughout their biogeographical ranges, although the global FADs of Arkonia, Ampullula, Liliosphaeridium and Sacculidium are apparently in South China and/or East Gondwana. It is possible that diachronous FADs are only apparent and an artefact of sampling. Nevertheless, an alternative interpretation, suggested by recurring patterns, is that some as yet undetermined factor controlled a slower biogeographical spread over time, resulting in diachroneity.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 00241164
Date made live: 14 Sep 2018 13:53 +0 (UTC)

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