Dwarf males of giant warty squid Kondakovia longimana and a description of their spermatophores

Laptikhovsky, V.; Xavier, Jose C. ORCID: 2017 Dwarf males of giant warty squid Kondakovia longimana and a description of their spermatophores. Polar Biology, 40 (12). 2469-2474.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
Copyright Springer
Laptikhovsky 2017 - Dwarf males of giant warty squid.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (160kB) | Preview


Antarctic squids are widely known to play an important role in the diet of various Antarctic predators, although the biology of those squids and how that relates to their availability to their predators is poorly known. We assessed the reproductive system of the deep-sea giant warty Antarctic squid Kondakovia longimana under a predator–prey context. The spermatophores of male K. longimana are described, based on two specimens foraged by albatrosses at Bird Island, South Georgia (54°S, 38°W). Spermatophore length (SL) was 42–90 mm, head occupied mean = 1.8–2.4% SL, ejaculatory tube = 17–22% SL, cement body = 19–22% SL, seminal reservoir = 56–59% SL and rear empty part = 0.4–0.8% SL. All spermatophores of K. longimana in our study were normal and functional, and very dissimilar to those of other spent squid, in which the spermatophores have short, semi-transparent seminal reservoirs and a large empty rear part. Senescent male K. longimana could become available to predation by albatrosses (presumably being surfaced) with spermatophoric sacs (Needham’s sacs) containing at least a hundred of normal spermatophores having no evidence of reproductive system degeneration. From known relation between beak and body size all known adult males in K. longimana were dwarfs in respect to females. Our data also show that they have extended spermatophore production as in other squids.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Ecosystems
ISSN: 0722-4060
Additional Keywords: squid, Antarctic, Kondakovia, spermatophore, diomorphism
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 25 Jul 2017 10:52 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...