Water quality fact sheet: Fluoride

Smedley, Pauline. 2000 Water quality fact sheet: Fluoride. British Geological Survey, 4pp.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.

Download (114kB) | Preview


Fluoride has been found to have a significant mitigating effect against dental caries and it is accepted that some fluoride presence in drinking water is beneficial. Optimal concentrations are around 1 mg/l. However, chronic ingestion of concentrations much greater than 1.5 mg/l (the WHO guideline value) is linked with development of dental fluorosis and, in extreme cases, skeletal fluorosis. High doses have also been linked to cancer. Health impacts from long-term use of fluoride-bearing water have been summarised (Dissanayake, 1991) as: <0.5 mg/l: dental caries 0.5-1.5 mg/l promotes dental health 1.5-4 mg/l dental fluorosis >4 mg/l dental, skeletal fluorosis >10 mg/l crippling fluorosis

Item Type: Publication - Report
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
Funders/Sponsors: WaterAid
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, International development, WAChem
Date made live: 01 Mar 2017 10:01 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...