The potential for estradiol and ethinylestradiol to sorb to suspended and bed sediments in some English rivers

Holthaus, Karlijn I.E.; Johnson, Andrew C. ORCID:; Juergens, Monika D. ORCID:; Williams, Richard J.; Smith, Jennifer J.L.; Carter, Joy E.. 2002 The potential for estradiol and ethinylestradiol to sorb to suspended and bed sediments in some English rivers. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 21 (12). 2526-2535.

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The endocrine-disrupting impact of steroid estrogens on fish will be strongly influenced by their distribution between sediment and water. Laboratory studies were performed to investigate the potential for sorption of 17b-estradiol (E2) and 17aethinylestradiol (EE2) to bed and suspended sediments taken from five British rivers. Sediment material was collected from the Rivers Aire and Calder (located in urban and industrialized areas in Yorkshire, UK), the River Thames (at a relatively rural site in Oxfordshire, UK), and from the estuaries of the Rivers Tees and Tyne. Using anaerobic conditions to inhibit biodegradation, it was found that 80 to 90% of binding to bed sediments was complete within 1 d, but that an equilibrium had not been reached after 2 d. Bed sediments gave distribution coefficients (Kd) ranging from 4 to 74 L/kg for E2 and from 8 to 121 L/kg for EE2 for samples taken over a range of seasons and locations. Sorption to suspended sediment gave Kd values ranging from 21 to 122 L/kg for E2 and 19 to 260 L/kg for EE2. However, these Kd values suggest less than 1% removal of the steroid estrogens from the aqueous phase given the ambient suspended sediment concentration. In the bed sediments, higher Kd values were associated with smaller particle size and higher organic carbon content. In most cases, the Kd values obtained for EE2 were higher than those for E2 by a factor of up to three.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: _ Water Quality
ISSN: 0730-7268
Additional Keywords: sorption, estrogens, estradiol, ethinylestradiol, sediments
NORA Subject Terms: Health
Date made live: 19 Aug 2015 09:01 +0 (UTC)

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