Environmental release, fate and ecotoxicological effects of manufactured ceria nanomaterials

Collin, Blanche; Auffan, Melanie; Johnson, Andrew C.; Kaur, Inder; Keller, Arturo A.; Lazareva, Anastasiya; Lead, Jamie R.; Ma, Xingmao; Merrifield, Ruth C.; Svendsen, Claus; White, Jason C.; Unrine, Jason M.. 2014 Environmental release, fate and ecotoxicological effects of manufactured ceria nanomaterials. Environmental Science: Nano, 1 (6). 533-548.

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Recent interest in the environmental fate and effects of manufactured CeO2 nanomaterials (nanoceria) has stemmed from its expanded use for a variety of applications including fuel additives, catalytic converters, chemical and mechanical planarization media and other uses. This has led to a wave of publications on the toxicological effects of nanoceria in ecological receptor species, but only limited information is available on possible environmental releases, concentrations in environmental media, or environmental transformations. In this paper, we make initial estimates of likely environmental releases and exposure concentrations in soils and water and compare them to published toxicity values. Insufficient information was available to estimate aquatic exposures, but we estimated inputs to a hypothetical wastewater treatment plant that could result in effluent concentrations that would result in acute toxicity to the most sensitive aquatic organisms tested so far, cyanobacteria. The purpose of this exercise is to identify which areas are lacking in data to perform either regional or site specific ecological risk assessments. While estimates can be made for releases from use as a diesel fuel additive, and predicted toxicity is low in most terrestrial species tested to date, estimates for releases from other uses are difficult at this stage. We recommend that future studies focus on environmentally realistic exposures that take into account potential environmental transformations of the nanoceria surface as well as chronic toxicity studies in benthic aquatic organisms, soil invertebrates and microorgansims.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Rees (from October 2014)
ISSN: 2051-8153
Additional Keywords: nanomaterials, ecotoxicology
NORA Subject Terms: Chemistry
Date made live: 23 Mar 2015 13:33 +0 (UTC)

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