Ductile fault rocks and metamorphic zonation in the Dalradian of the Highland Border SW of Stonehaven, Kincardineshire

Phillips, E.R.; Auton, C.A.. 1997 Ductile fault rocks and metamorphic zonation in the Dalradian of the Highland Border SW of Stonehaven, Kincardineshire. Scottish Journal of Geology, 33 (1). 83-93.

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High strain zones, characterized by shear fabrics and mylonites, have been identified within lower amphibolite-grade, coarse granular metasandstones of the Glen Lethnot Grit Formation of the Southern Highland Group (Dalradian) along the Highland Border, south-west of Stonehaven. The rocks comprise part of a polydeformed, regionally metamorphosed, Neoproterozoic sequence, bounded to the north by the post-orogenic Mount Battock Granite (Late Caledonian) and to the south-east by the Highland Boundary Fault Zone. Early regional Dl and D2 structures have been rotated by a major monoform, the Highland Border Downbend (D4), to produce a steeply dipping, downward facing succession. The mylonitic metasandstones contain a variety of kinematic indicators, including asymmetrical pressure shadows, S-C fabrics, shear bands and an extensional crenulation cleavage, which yield a sense of shear of top-towards-the SE (present structural position). Regional syn- to post-D2 metamorphism resulted in the development of prograde pelitic mineral assemblages which overgrow earlier Dl structures. Mylonitic fabrics within the high strain zones, developed during D2, both deform and are also overgrown by syn- to post-kinematic biotite porphyroblasts. The high strain zones may represent part of a major ductile structure active during the Dalradian D2-D3 tectonothermal event, which contributed to the development of strong metamorphic gradients and narrowing of mineral assemblage zones within the Highland Border.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Geology and Landscape Northern
ISSN: 0036-9276
Additional Keywords: metamorphic zonation, high strain zones, Scottish highlands
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 24 Feb 2015 08:46 +0 (UTC)

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