Superinfection exclusion in alphabaculovirus infections is concomitant with actin reorganization

Beperet, Inés; Irons, Sarah L.; Simon, Oihane; King, Linda A.; Williams, Trevor; Possee, Robert D.; Lopez-Ferber, Miguel; Caballero, Primitivo. 2014 Superinfection exclusion in alphabaculovirus infections is concomitant with actin reorganization. Journal of Virology, 88 (6). 3548-3556.

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Superinfection exclusion is the ability of an established virus to interfere with a second virus infection. This effect was studied in vitro during lepidopteran-specific nucleopolyhedrovirus (genus Alphabaculovirus, family Baculoviridae) infection. Homologous interference was detected in Sf9 cells sequentially infected with two genotypes of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), each one expressing a different fluorescent protein. This was a progressive process in which a sharp decrease in the signs of infection caused by the second virus was observed, affecting not only the number of coinfected cells observed, but also the level of protein expression due to the second virus infection. Superinfection exclusion was concurrent with reorganization of cytoplasmic actin to F-actin in the nucleus, followed by budded virus production (16 to 20 h postinfection). Disruption of actin filaments by cell treatment with cytochalasin D resulted in a successful second infection. Protection against heterologous nucleopolyhedrovirus infection was also demonstrated, as productive infection of Sf9 cells by Spodoptera frugiperda nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfMNPV) was inhibited by prior infection with AcMNPV, and vice versa. Finally, coinfected cells were observed following inoculation with mixtures of these two phylogenetically distant nucleopolyhedroviruses—AcMNPV and SfMNPV—but at a frequency lower than predicted, suggesting interspecific virus interference during infection or replication. The temporal window of infection is likely necessary to maintain genotypic diversity that favors virus survival but also permits dual infection by heterospecific alphabaculoviruses.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Reynard
ISSN: 0022-538X
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Full text available from journal website (click on Official URL link) and PubMed Central.
Additional Keywords: genetic diversity, evolution
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 03 Feb 2015 15:38 +0 (UTC)

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