Vale of York 3-D borehole interpretation and cross-sections study

Ford, J.R.; Kessler, H.; Price, S.J.; Lawley, R.S.; Cooper, A.H.; Hall, M.; Pharaoh, T.C.; Doran, S.K.; Richardson, A.E.; Burke, H.F.. 2003 Vale of York 3-D borehole interpretation and cross-sections study. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 11pp. (CR/03/251N) (Unpublished)

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The Vale of York between Doncaster and Scunthorpe in the south and York and Bugthorpe in the north is largely underlain by bedrock of the Sherwood Sandstone Group – one of the regions principal aquifers. Significant superficial deposits of Quaternary age overlie the Sherwood Sandstone. This study aims to investigate the nature of these superficial deposits with respect to their relationship with the underlying aquifer. The Vale of York project area represents a varied glaciated terrain, consisting of pro-glacial finegrained sediments, coarser glaciofluvilal sediments and extensive glacial tills. These diverse superficial units vary in thickness throughout the project area. The hydrogeological nature of the natural superficial sequence is consequently highly variable. Units may be considered as aquitards, while others may act as aquifers, providing a potential pathway to the underlying sandstone. The classification of lithologies as aquifer or aquitard is described in detail in this report. To investigate the hydrogeological nature of the superficial sequence, six east-west and three north-south lithostratigraphical cross-sections were constructed. A range of geoscientific information was considered, including existing geological mapping and over 3000 fully attributed and coded boreholes. The cross-sections show a subdivision of the superficial sequence into lithostratigraphical units. Each unit is described in detail in this report. In addition, a series of thematic maps were generated from the lithological component of the digital borehole data. Total superficial aquifer and superficial aquitard maps show how the lithological nature of the superficial sequence varies across the area. Rockhead elevation and superficial thickness maps indicate where the sandstone aquifer outcrops at the ground surface. In summary, four main lithostratigraphical units overlie the Sherwood Sandstone Group aquifer in the project area: a basal sequence of glaciofluvial sand and gravel (interpreted as a superficial aquifer), glaciolacustrine laminated silt & clay (aquitard), glacial till comprising sandy gravelly clay (aquitard), and a cover sequence of fluvial and aeolian sand, clay and peat (aquifer / aquitard). The correlations illustrate that in certain areas, superficial deposits are thin or absent and that in these areas the Sherwood Sandstone aquifer comes directly to ground surface.

Item Type: Publication - Report
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Geology and Landscape Southern
Funders/Sponsors: Environment Agency
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed but not externally peer-reviewed
Date made live: 22 Jan 2015 09:52 +0 (UTC)

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